News for general G2c persons

Ted Kandell, administrator of our sister G2c project, has provided these items he feels were the important findings of the last year:

1. G2c has been discovered in the Melik-Haikazian family of Qashatagh, Nagorno-Karabakh.
They are a Medieval Armenian family:
They seem to belong to a cluster with a single member of the Tabassaran ethnic group from Daghestan.
This branch of G2c is an extremely early one, with the common ancestor with the rest of G2c living approximately 5700 years ago.The Cigliano family of Naples also seem to belong to this early G2c clade, but rather distantly.

2. A group of Pathans who have an ancestor from Afghanistan who settled in from Malihabad India were tested, and approximately 60% turned out to be G2c1-M283. What is important about this is that they have a known ancestor named Baland Khan, who in turn has a known tribal genealogy:
These clans seem to descend from a certain Ibrahim Ghorey (Ghori), apparently of Ghor, Afghanistan:

Other recent studies have shown that the percentage of G2c1-M283 in Afghanistan and the Northwest Frontier Provinces of Pakistan is about 5%-10%, depending on the region. It seems likely that this is restricted to certain tribes around the Khyber Pass region, and their descendants who migrated elsewhere, such as India.
Research needs to be done on which particular clans are likely to be G2c1:

Full sequencing of the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) academic samples may also involve sequencing the genomes of the two G2c1's in the HGDP:
HGDP00213 Pathan
HGDP00351 Burusho

Hopefully this is something we can expect to see in the not too distant future.

I have divided your subgroup into two categories:
(1) those with the M377 mutation
(2) those only predicted to have the M377 mutation based on the similarity of your marker values to those who are confirmed

It would be helpful if those only predicted M377 should be tested for M377 to fully confirm this status.  The cost is only $29. A waiver is given for Mr. Nasr because someone from his family group is already confirmed M377+

As mentioned in the general news section, if you are willing to better define your grouping, I will be glad to give individual recommendations and help. rayhbanks@cox.net.