G2a2b3

News for G2a2b2 persons
Sorry! Last year you were somewhere within the G2a4 group, but the G2a4 category was abolished recently. Because of the confirmation that L223 constitutes a broader super group that includes you and the men of the new G2a2a (M286) and G2a2c (L293) subgroups, your subgroup had to be moved in order to be under L223 in the tree but your most specific subgroup remains still under L223's subgroup L91.
 
 
The overall L91 subgroup (G2a2b) was involved in the biggest news of 2011 for G persons, namely that the mummified Iceman found in the Italian Alps shares your L91 (G2a2b) mutation. Because he has been relialbly dated to a little over 5000 yrs old, this means that L91 is at least that old. Since L91 is only a tiny fraction of the European population today, this is good evidence that your early L91 cousins in Europe were not too successful in populating the continent though they seem to have brought metal tools and agriculture to Europe from the Near East. The Iceman's nearest relatives are said to be in Sardinia. This provides some evidence also that the L91 men had seafaring skills.
 
 
Within the project, the eastern boundaries of the L91 subgroup have been expanded with the addition of a sample from among the Bakhtiari of western Iran. So this tells us L91 has expanded beyond Europe, North Africa and Armenia, as was known earlier.
 
 
You are very fortunate to belong to a subgroup that has been tested as far as can be tested. And your shared odd mutation at the DYS385a site occurs within the first 12 markers, for which everyone in the project has tested.
 
Because you belong to a very specific subgroup, no additional testing can be recommended this year.  However, I am not certain today how I decided you were a branch of the L91 group.  Perhaps either Mr. Laird or Nolen was tested at another lab for L91.  But it would be worthwhile otherwise having one of you tested for L91 which only costs $29 US to document your membership in the L91 group.
 
 
As mentioned in the general news section, if you are willing to better define your grouping, I will be glad to give individual recommendations and help. rayhbanks@cox.net.
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