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1950. Recent view of the Lawrence Experiment Station
1950. Recent view of the Lawrence Experiment Station showing later additions. At the left of the front entrance the enlargement for the bacteriological laboratory is quite evident. To rear of the car the addition used for the shipping room can be seen. -------------------------------------- Appendix Condensed Listing of Major Research Projects Undertaken at the Experiment Station 1886-1953 Since the Experiment Station has been established more than a thousand research studies have been undertaken, some of them continuing for many years. These studies have been principally in relation to water, sewage and industrial waste treatment together with basic bacteriological studies in regard to water, sewage and shellfish. The results of the research work have been published in the annual reports of the Department. The following list summarizes some of the major research projects that were undertaken by the Experiment Station during the past 67 years: Use of Sand Filters for Sewage Treatment DEPTH OF MEDIUM — Effect of sand depth on the quality of effluent and rate of operation of sand filters. SAND PARTICLE SIZE—EFFECTS of variations in sand particle size on qualify of effluent and rate of operation. UNIFORM VERSUS GRADUATED SAND PARTICLE SIZE — Effects of using fine sand above coarse sand as a filter medium. MEDIUM — use of such materials as ashes, stone and iron as a filter medium. UNDERDRAINS — to determine the most effective means of intercepting the effluent and providing aeration for sand filter. PRETREATMENT OF SAND — to determine the effectiveness of ripening filters on the quality of the effluent. DOSING — to determine the relative merits of continuous versus intermittent application of sewage. RATES OF OPERATION—to determine the optimum versus the maximum rate of operation of sand filters. PRETREATMENT — Studies of various methods of pretreatment such as settling, chemical coagulation, etc., on the rate of operation and the quality of effluent. FILTER LIFE—to determine the effective period of usefulness of sand filters operated under various conditions and to establish parameters to judge the need of replacement or rehabilitation of filters. CARBON VERSUS NITROGEN RATIO — to determine effects of various ratios of carbon and nitrogen in the applied sewage on the quality of the effluent. INHIBITING MATERIALS — to determine the effect of phenols and other bactericidal agents on the quality of the effluent. USE OF SECONDARY FILTERS — to determine the effectiveness of sand filters for secondary treatment following primary filtration by trickling filters. PHYSICAL ALTERATIONS — Studies of the physical characteristics of the medium following various periods and conditions of operation. ADMIXTURES OF COAGULANTS AND OTHER CHEMICALS — to determine the effect of impregnation of the sand medium with various coagulants and zeolites. STERILIZATION — EFFECts of initial and intermittent sterilization of medium on quality of effluent. REMOVAL OF COLOR AND VARIOUS CHEMICALS — TO determine the effectiveness of sand filters to remove color, iron and manganese. INDUSTRIAL WASTE APPLICATIONS — Studies to determine the effectiveness of sand filters to treat raw industrial wastes or mixed sewage and industrial wastes. Wastes include those from textile industries, gas houses, breweries, dairies, distilleries, metal industries, coal washeries, rubber plants, tanneries, paper and pulp industries and chemical, plastic and optical industries.yo doggy
he was movind like crazy, i made only 1 photo of him and was happy wenn i pulled the film out of the developing tank and saw that it is clear.
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