The Belin Conference
The rise to sparking a new era
Dec. 9, 1941- WWI was caused by militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism. All the major counties wanted the latest and best military resources. There were also many alliances which meant that nearly every country was connected to another. That created a tangle of mutual protection schemes. Imperialism was included because everyone wanted more colonies because the more you own, the stronger you become. Nationalism fits in as a contribution because everyone thought that they were the best and they wanted to prove their strength to everyone.The Berlin conference was meant to regulate European colonization and trade in Africa in the New Imperialism period. The biggest contenders were France, Germany, Great Britain and Portugal. Everyone wanted more territory to claim and at the time and they say Africa as a good place to go because 80% of Africa was under traditional and local control. They were trying to find out how to divide and contribute Africa into different sections so that everyone would be happy with what they get. While they were trying to divide regions for everyone, they didn’t think everything through and that led to a great upheaval.
The Berlin Conference contributed to WWI because of imperialism.
The Berlin Conference fit in to the imperialism column because that is what it was all about, trying to get the most colonies. Seeing that Africa had many independent colonies, everyone tried to get their hands on whatever they could. Ultimately, the countries that had the most say were the biggest countries; France, Germany, Great Britain and Portugal were those countries. At the end of the conference the two top contenders were Germany and France. Their race for the top got so heated that they began to create their biggest weapons and machinery which later brought in their allies and started WWI.
After the end of the Berlin Conference, Africa was entirely ruled by Europe except for Ethiopia, Liberia, and Saguia el-Hamra. France controlled Mauritania to Chad (French West Africa), Gabon, and the Republic of Congo (French Equatorial Africa). Germany took Namibia (German Southwest Africa) and Tanzania (German East Africa). Great Britain got control over Egypt, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Nigeria and Ghana.
The tensions between the imperial powers grew great and finally exploded into a major war with the major European countries . France and Germany’s army had doubled in size from 1870 through 1914. Competition between the two countries was growing fast and the tensions were high. They were trying to compete for mastery of the seas. Both countries made their battleships, getting ready for war.
The Germans made a plan to attack France through Belgium if Russia ever attacked Germany. Belgium brought Britain into the war, Germany supported Austria-Hungary, Russia assisted Serbia, and the German U-Boat campaigns against ships bound for Britain drew the United States in and that started WWI.