War with the Philippines

 

War with the Philippines



          

           The United States of America has always been interested in what benefits them most, they accomplish this at the mercy of many other countries. The Philippine American war was fought because the US wanted sole control over them and they wanted independence. The Vietnam war was fought mainly because we wanted to stop communism. Both of these wars have multiple things that make them similar. In both instances we declared war against two new countries so to speak. Both Vietnam and the Philippines had both gained independence and were struggling with what to do with their new independence. Once we invaded both enemies used guerilla warfare against the U.S. In the case of the Philippines it did not work out for them but Vietnam had success with that warfare style. Guerilla warfare caused many more casualties than the normal style of warfare, this ended with many civilian casualties. The U.S. took chances in both these wars because most of the people who were educated on them opposed them but the US saw a chance to gain world power and pounced on it. The Philippine and Vietnam wars were very similar because of the guerilla warfare and the U.S.’s intention of gaining political, economic, and religious power.
           In both conflicts the U.S. tried their best to stay superior. We wanted to take control of the situation with force and show each country that our way was the best. You could say that when the U.S. was struggling to prove themselves on a world scale they chose the motto “ Its my way or the high way”. In the conflict with the Philippines we wanted to make sure they knew we owned them and we literally did. After the U.S defeated Spain and gained Cuba and Puerto Rico we set out for the Philippines.[1] We wanted the Philippines for their proximity in the Pacific. They were an excellent place to trade with Asia from. The Philippines would give the U.S. an advantage in trade with China mostly. In the late 1800’s America was still proving their status on the world scale  and we needed to gain economic power and started to do so by over seas trade. The Philippines would play a big role in China trade and this is why the Philippines was so pivotal for the U.S. Once we bought the Philippines from Spain we then went out and tried to force our ideas upon them.[2] We wanted them to have a democratic society mostly run by our own government while the natives wanted independence. We also wanted them to live an American lifestyle. This meant forcing religious views on them and forcing our ways of economic lifestyles. In the war with Vietnam the U.S was mainly focused on keeping communism out of Asia. We worried that if Vietnam became communist then the rest of  Asia would follow. Like the Philippines the U.S. wanted to force their political views on Vietnam[3]. We were opposed to the communist lifestyle because it would effect us in a negative way. It would effect us negatively because we were fighting the Cold War with Russia and wanted to make sure communism was nonexistent. Also if communism were to swarm across Asia our trade with them would become difficult. Trade would become difficult because communism restricts advancement in many ways which would hurt the US who was trying to advance at a fast pace through other countries advancement as well. In both conflicts the U.S. wanted to push our views onto Vietnam and the Philippines. We fought both wars to keep other countries following our lead in a democratic political system. Also trade played a big part in why we fought these wars. At the time of the Philippine War our over sea trade had just begun and we needed total control of them to help boost our economy through trade with China. In the time of the Vietnam War we had begun to develop a steady and efficient trade with Asia and feared that communism would effect that trade if communism were to spread.
           In both the war with the Philippines and the war with Vietnam the U.S. had to deal with guerilla warfare. This style of warfare is when mostly natives take control  of their army and use an unorganized approach as a military power.[4] They use many ambushes and ultimately guerilla warfare causes more deaths. In the case of the Philippines the native army started out the war with a more traditional style of warfare but after a poor performance they adapted a guerilla warfare approach. In the case of the Philippines with their primitive weapons and lack of army population they were easily defeated with more than 5x the death toll compared to America. The success we had with guerilla warfare could have lead to our downfall in the war with Vietnam. We thought it would turn out the same thinking that Vietnam had primitive weapons and a lack of military power. But the terrain and style of fighting paid off for the communist north of Vietnam. In both situations the US had to deal with guerilla warfare.
           The U.S .definitely took advantage of these two newly formed countries. In the Philippines they had been fighting with Spain for their independence. In Vietnam they had just gained independence from France and were struggling with what political style to use. The newly formed countries were venerable and the U.S. hade no hesitation in declaring war for the reasons earlier stated.
           In both the war with the Philippines and the war with Vietnam we had similar reasons for invading and also struggled with similar war styles.. In the Philippines the U.S. wanted to control all aspects of their life. We wanted them to follow our government system. We wanted the Philippines because it was close to china therefore significant to our economy. We also wanted them to live an American lifestyle which meant changing their religious views. In Vietnam we wanted to stop communism because we strongly opposed it. We opposed communism because we believed democracy was the best and also it could effect the U.S.’s economic status. If communism were to spread like we feared  it may effected our trades with Asia because communism limits the advancement of countries. Similarities can be drawn in both political aspects of the war, the U.S. wanted these countries to follow democracy. Also similarities can be drawn in an economic aspect, the Philippines was crucial in trade advancement and communism had the possibility to halt trade with Asia. In both wars the US had to deal with a very similar style of guerilla warfare. The Philippine and Vietnam war were very similar because of the guerilla warfare and the U.S.’s intention to increase their world power.



[1] Philippine-American War, 1899-1902 | by Arnaldo Dumindin. Web. 14 Oct. 2010. <http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/thephilippinearmy.htm>.
[2] The History Guy: Philippine American War." The History Guy: A Resource for History, Military History, Politics, and Biography. Web. 14 Oct. 2010. <http://www.historyguy.com/PhilipineAmericanwar.html>.
[3] Andrew J. Rotter. "The Causes of the Vietnam War." Welcome to English « Department of English, College of LAS, University of Illinois. Web. 14 Oct. 2010. <http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/causes.htm>.
[4] "The History Guy: Philippine American War." The History Guy: A Resource for History, Military History, Politics, and Biography. Web. 14 Oct. 2010. <http://www.historyguy.com/PhilipineAmericanwar.html>.
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