Tobias Cutler

Tobias Cutler listed in the 1790 Census for Stratham, Rockingham Co.,  NH with three other free persons.

Source: 1790 New Hampshire Census

Tobe Cutler, one of the volunteers in 1781, was a Negro slave of Co. Enoch Hale.  The following significant vote in relation to his enlistment is the last reference to slavery found upon the records:

            After hearing the Report of the Committee appointed to raise the Continental Soldiers and finding that they had Inlisted Tobe Cutler, servant to Enoch Hale Esqr., by the free consent of his master, who had ingaged to free the said Tobe at the age of twenty-one years:  Then voted that the said Tobe be Received and Deemed a Legal Inhabitant of said Rindge, Provided that the said Tobe shall have his freedome according to the agreement of his said master, made and to be Lodged with the Selectmen of said Town.

Source:  “History of the Town of Rindge, New Hampshire, 1736 – 1874,” by Ezra S.Stearns, 1875.

Below is an excerpt from "History of Exeter, New Hampshire'" by Charles H. Bell, 1888

"Tobias Cutler, a Revolutionary pensioner, died in Exeter in September, 1834, at the age of seventy-six.  He was born in Rindge and was a slave of Colonel Enoch Hale.  In 1781 he enlisted in the continental army with the consent of his master who engaged to free him at the age of twenty-one years.  The town of Rindge thereupon agreed that he should be received and deemed a free inhabitant, upon his manumission by his master.  After the war he came to live in Exeter.  He left descendants who are still living in town."
Page 51 (Marriage): Tobias Cutler, Dolly Pauls, Stratham; 15 Jan. 1790

Excerpts from Pension File:

"On this twentieth day of June A.D. 1820, personally appeared in open court before the Hon. Joh Samuel Sherburne, Judge of the District Court of the United States for the New Hampshire District, being a Court of Record, in and for the said District, having the power of fine and imprisonment, Tobias Cutler aged fifty five years, resident in Exeter in said District, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth, on his oath declare that he served in the Revolutionary War, as follows: viz., "I enlisted in the winter of  first part of the year 1781 in the second New Hampshire Regiment commanded by Col. Reid, and the company commanded by Capt.n McGregore for three years which time I served and was regularly discharged sometime in the year 1784."

The date of  my original declaration in order to obtain a pension is the third day of April 1818.  The number of my pension certificate is 6681  I have received a Pension.  And I do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I have not since that time, by gift, sale, or in any manner disposed of my property or any part thereof, with intent thereby so to diminish it, as to bring myself within the provisions of an Act of Congress, entitled "An Act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States, in the Revolutionary War," passed on the 18th day of March, 1818;  and that I have not, nor has any person in trust for me, any property or securities, contracts or debts, due to me; nor have I any income other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed, and by me subscribed.  My occupation is a labourer - I am not in a sufficient ability to pursue it by reason of a lameness in my fingers --  H have seven in family residing with me namely, my wife Dolly Cutler and five young children.

Their capacity to contribute to their support is such that they have no property + are unable to support themselves

                                                                        (signed)  Tobias Cutler

New Hampshire District - held at said Exeter

Sworn to and declared at a District Court, in said District, on the third Tuesday of June A.D 1880, before The Honorable John S. Sherburne Judge of the said District Court

Attest Peyton R. Freeman Clerk


Containing the whole estate and income of Tobias Cutler (his necessary clothing and bedding excepted) by him subscribed, exhibited to the District Court of the United States for the New Hampshire District, on the 20th day of June 1820, and annexed to his oath, viz.

Six old chairs

+ a few articles of household

furniture of very small value

                   Tobias Cutler        

Source:  Pension Papers

Tobias died Sept. 1834 aged 67.  His wife, Dorothy died July 4, 1835 at aged 60.  They are buried in the Winter Street Burial Ground in Exeter, NH.

View Tobias' headstone  View Dorothy's headstone

A son, Rufus Emery Cutler (March 2, 1797 - Nov. 4, 1864) is also burried in the Winter Street Burial Ground in Exeter, NH.  

View Rufus Emery Cutler's headstone and more info pertaining to him and his family.