Lois Berdoo

Lois Burdoo living in Jaffrey, Cheshire Co., N.H. On 1790 Census she is listed as Head of Household with 6 other Free persons.

Moses Burdoo b: abt. 1753, m: Lois Ralf of Boston, intentions Dec. 3, 1778. Moses d: after May 24, 1787 in Jaffrey, Cheshire Co., NH. As his signature was on a petition there. (Source: Town Papers, N.H. Vol. XII) Moses was a blacksmith.


Polly b: abt. 1778, d: 1794 in the home of Amos Fortune
Moses b: abt. 1780
Philip b: abt 1783
Sally b: abt. 1785

After Moses death, Lois and children lived in Jaffrey and were supported by the town. In 1792, two of her children, Polly, aged 14 and Moses, aged 12 were put to auction to be vendued to the lowest bidder. Polly was a sickly girl and Amos Fortune (see bio for Amos Fortune) bid on her for 1 pound 16. Amos was the lowest bidder and even though Polly did not live out the year, the town paid Amos anyways. Moses was struck off to Joseph Stewart, the one and only bidder, from that day until he was twenty-one at 15 £, 15s.

Cambridge, Mass. Vital Records to 1850 (Marriages. Published by: The New England Genealogical Society, Boston, Ma. 1914
“Amos Fortune, Free Man,” by Elizabeth Yates, 1950
familysearch.org IGI Records

The following information is in regards to other Burdoo families, but haven’t, as yet been tied to the above Moses and Lois.

The Burdoo Family page 33, source listed below.

As God has made of one blood all nations of men, there is o reason why we should not notice a very respectable colored family, which resided many years in town, and discharged all the duties of citizens.

Philip Burdoo resided on the Bedford road, nearly opposite the old Simonds Tavern House. His wife was ad. To the ch. Dec. 26, 1708. The record of the family though probably incomplete, is as follows.


* Philip, bap. Apr. 10, 1709; m. Mary____, about 1738.
Eunice, bap. Apr. 10, 1709; d. Feb. 28, 1720
* Moses, bap. Apr. 9, 1710; m. Feb. 13, 1754, Phebe Banister, Con.
Aaron, bap. July 27, 1712.
Phinehas, bap. July 31, 1715.

Philip Burdoo, m. Mary ____


Philip, bap. Oct. 21, 1739
Mary, bap. Feb. 18, 1742
Silas, ? and a child which d. Oc. 13, 1755

Moses Burdoo, m. Phebe Banister of Con. And had Eli, bap. July 20, 1755, and probably other children. Tradition says that some of this family moved to Vt. where they were highly respected, and some of them promoted to public office.

Page 37:

In 1779, John Chandler, Jr., Joseph Loring, and Burdoo, a colored man from Lex., entered the marine service under Commodore Tucker. Being on the southern coast, they were included in the capitulation of Charleston, S.C., by Gen. Lincoln, in 1780, and were confined as prisoners of war until they were exchanged. After enduring severe sufferings from confinement and want of provisions, they were exchanged, and Chandler and Loring, without money, and almost without clothing, wended their way as best they could to their native home, depending upon the charity of the people, and reached Lex. In a destitute and wretched condition, after having been absent about one year.

Page 386:

Eli Burdoo listed in Muster Roll of a part of Captain Parker’s Company, who were called to Cambridge, June 17 and 18, 1775.

Page 390:

Silas Burdoo is listed on a roll for Lexington men, and certified to by Selectmen in 1782, but he is listed as one of the other names, which cannot be classifed, nor tell at what time, or for what period they served.

Source: “History of the Town of Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, from its First Settlement to 1868, with a Genealogical Register of Lexington Families,” by Charles Hudson, 1868.

Page 286:

In 1809, John Dow, James Leavitt and Jonathan Marston, Jr., were chosen a committee, to take the whole matter of the condition and support of the poor into consideration. They reported at some length on individual cases, one of which is as follows: “As it respects Mrs. Burdoo, considering her advanced age and her exposedness to take cold, if she continue in her house, and the expense of hauling her wood, we think it best to put her in a family, where she can be taken proper care of till spring. Mr. Josiah Dearborn has offered to take her at four shilling per week. She has been at Mr. Dearborn’s house about a fortnight.”

This Mrs. Burdoo was Dinah, widow of Phillip Burdoo, among the last of the old-time Negroes in this town. Dinah Small, perhaps widow or sister of Caesar, who died from exposure in the army, in 1777, was married, on the 9th of January, 1783, to Philip Burdoo, of Moultonborough. It has been asserted that they were slaves of Gen. Jonathan Moulton, which may have been true of Philip, who came from one of the townships granted to the General; but Dinah, certainly, was a slave of William Godfrey, of North Hampton, whose granddaughter, Mrs. Fanny Lane, now above ninety years of age, knows of her service there. Philip was afterwards employed at Dearborn’s tavern. He died January 6, 1806. Dinah had a little house a few rods east of the center school-house, where she spun and knit and lived contentedly. When she became enfeebled by age, she was cared for by the town, and died at Dea. John Lamprey’s, January 11, 1825, aged ninety-two years.

Source: “History of the Town of Hampton, N.H. From its Settlement in 1638 to the Autumn of 1892,” Vol. 1 by Joseph Dow, 1893

The fornication case against Hannah Hammond, a free black woman from
Middlesex County, was among the last of women of color who were prosecuted for
fornication. On March 9th, 1742, Hannah Hammond was indicted by the grand jury and
ordered to appear in court and answer to the crime of fornication. As was customary, the
Justices inquired into the name of the father of her bastard child. Hannah revealed the father was Moses Burdoo, of Lexington County.*( 66)* Moses’ occupation was not identified in the records, nor was his race or the race of the child. Moses’ birth record also makes no mention of his race. (*67*) Hannah’s indictment for fornication could not have been to save the town from the expense of her child, because she was fined one pound for her sexual crime, despite the fact that her child had died. Hannah’s fine represents the middle ground of Middlesex County’s fines, which ranged anywhere from 5 shillings to 5 pounds during the 1740s. Relative to other fines, her crime was neither of the highest severity, nor was it considered a slight offense. The court’s dismissal of Moses without fining him for fornication was typical.

Source: *(66)* King v. Hannah Hammond, Middlesex Record Book, Mar 1742.
*(67) *Lexington, Massachusetts, Record of Births, Marriages, and Deaths to January 1, 1898 (Online database:
NewEnglandAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002), (Orig. Pub. byWright & Potter Printing Company, Boston, MA). Town of Lexington, Lexington, Mass. Records of births, marriages, and deaths to January 1, 1898, 1898), Burdoo, 1710.