Listed in the 1791 Rutland, Rutland County census as Lemuel Hanes with two white males over 16, one male 16 and under, and five females. This is an error as Lemuel Haynes was the first black in America to serve as pastor of a white congregation.
He was born 18 July 1753 at West Hartford, CT, son of a black father and an unwed white mother and died 28 September 1833 at Granville, NY. He married Elizabeth Babbitt (a white woman) 22 Sept. 1783 at Hartland, CT. Lemuel was forsaken by his mother and her family, and was bound out as a servant at a young age to Deacon David Rose of Granville, MA. He served in the Revolution and afterwards studied for the ministry.
He became pastor of the West Parish Church in Rutland where he served as pastor from March 1788 until his dismissal in April 1818.
I have not been able to find him in the 1800 census, but he is there in 1810 as Lemuel Hanes with one white male between 16 and 26 and thirteen other free persons. In 1820 he is still living in Rutland and listed as Lemuel Haynes with one white male under 10, one white male 16-26, two white males 26-45, one white female 16-26, one white female 26-45. In 1830 he is listed in Granville, Washington Co., NY with one white female between 70 and 80, one free colored male between 10 and 24, two free colored males between 24 and 36, one free colored male between 36 and 55, three free colored females between 24 and 36 and two free colored females between 36 and 55. Sometimes you have to wonder about these census takers!
Lemuel and Elizabeth Haynes had ten children:
Elizabeth born about 1785, died 6 Sept. 1866, age 81-7-20. She married Benjamin Capron, Jr. 24 Feb. 1807. Both are buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Rutland.
Lois, died 12 Jan. 1828 at Granville, NY.
Eunice born 3 March 1789, died unmarried at Granville about 1831.
Electa born 26 July 1791.
Lemuel, Jr. born 11 Jan. 1794.
Sally born 6 May 1796.
Olive born 9 Aug. 1798.
Pamela born 14 Oct. 1800.
Samuel Woodbridge and William Babbit were twins born 11 Jan. 1803.
Much of the above information comes from Early Families of Rutland, Vermont, compiled by Marvel G. Swan and Donald P. Swan and edited by Dawn D. Hance (1990)The Rutland Weekly Herald had an item in their newspaper for 10 Nov. 1835 stating that Mr. Haynes, son of late Rev. Lemuel Haynes, formerly of Rutland, was robbed of $400 at Tammany Hall, NY; he was soliciting for relief of his widowed mother and her children so he could publish memoir of his deceased parent. This item was originally in the Bellows Falls Journal.
1791 Census: Slave Holders, Other Free Persons and Slaves - Addison County - Vermont > Rutland County >