Submission Guidelines

Oral Paper

Prospective authors are invited to submit their abstracts in Microsoft word format (.doc) with a maximum number of 200 words to on or before March 16, 2012. The abstract should contain a title, name of the author/s, affiliation of the author/s, 200-word highlight of the conceptual framework of the research or paper, methods, and major findings, and list of keywords. A sample abstract is given below:

Exploring the Relevance of an Online Program in Environmental and Natural Resources Management: A GIS-based Analysis


Ricardo T. Bagarinao

Associate Professor

Faculty of Education

University of the Philippines Open University

Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines

Tel: (6349) 536-6001 to 6009 loc 100

Mobile: (63915) 823-0785






With the creation of Web 2.0, the internet has now become a venue for learning interactions. Online tools were utilized in creating virtual classrooms. Courses in environmental and natural resources management (ENRM) programs have been made available via the internet to widen their reach and make them more responsive to current needs, hence making them more relevant.


The study explores the relevance of an online program in ENRM, which is offered in a distance education institution in the Philippines. Relevance is defined in two ways: one is whether or not its students are located in biodiversity hotspot areas (BHA) in the country, and two is whether or not it attracts learners in various generation groups. The profile of ENRM students from 2003-2007 were analyzed, and students were then classified into BHA-located and non-BHA located. Geographic information system (GIS) facilitated this analysis. On the other hand, four generations were identified based on Lacey’s categorization, and these are as follows: veterans (1922-1943), baby boomers (1943-1960), Xers (1961-1980), and Nexters (1980 and beyond). Students were classified by using these categories.


The analysis shows that more students are located in BHA than in non-BHA though there is a decreasing trend of enrollment through time. This highlights the importance of inputs of the program to the learners in BHA vis-à-vis addressing the needs of these areas in terms of management and conservation. Though the program has attracted learners in all four generations, it caters more on the Xers generation, which was accounted for 78% in the 2007 enrollment data. There is also an increasing trend on the number of baby boomers and Xers in the program from 2003-2007.


Keywords: biodiversity hotspot area, online program, generation

After the abstract, the author/s should indicate if the paper is for oral or poster presentation. For oral presentation, prospective author/s should indicate which sub-theme s/he/they is/are intending to present the paper, and the name and affiliation of the presenter.

Below is the guideline for poster presentation.

Poster Guidelines

The Poster Paper must at least possess the following components: Title, Authors, Author Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Literature Cited, and Acknowledgement.

Size of poster. The whole poster should fit into a 30" by 40" (76 cm x 102 cm) sheet or board, laid in portrait.

Title of poster. All caps and centered, except for scientific names that should be written in italics. Use letters equivalent to 72 points (about 2 cm) for the main title and 40 points (less than 1 cm) for the subtitle. On the main title a footnote must indicate that the poster is competing during a particular PSSN Conference, venue, date and the category choosen. For example” Poster presented during the 8th PSSN Scientific Conference held at MMSU, Batac, Ilocos Norte on May 5-10, 2007; Social Science; Graduate level”. The size of the footnote should be legible within 1 meter distance.

Author's or authors' name/s. Should be in full, all caps and centered. Use 40 points. Affiliation/address should be written in caps and lower case, italics and centered.

Text. Use type letters that are legible within two meter distance. Use simple typeface. Use upper and lower case standard letters. Use no more than 2 colors. Good color combinations are black on white, black on yellow, black on pink, dark red on white, dark blue on white, and dark blue on yellow. The best is a dark type on a light background because it is easiest to read.

Illustrations, Tables, Graphs, & Photographs. Should be 5" x 7" (12.5 cm x 18 cm). Labels and captions on illustrations should be readable within two meters.

NOTE: Authors of accepted papers shall confirm their attendance on or before May 7, 2012 by emailing A copy of the deposit slip for the advanced registration fee should be attached in the email.