History Of Pottery Wheel - Alloy Wheels Second Hand Used - 5th Wheel Hitch Install.

History Of Pottery Wheel

history of pottery wheel
    pottery wheel
  • In pottery, a potter's wheel is a machine used in the shaping of round ceramic wares. The wheel may also be used during the process of trimming excess body from dried wares and for applying incised decoration or rings of color.
    history of
  • heres a brief explanation of the word *** and how it can be used in everyday life. enjoy!
  • ecology | evolutionary biology | geography | model organisms | molecular biology | paleontology
history of pottery wheel - Wheel-Thrown Pottery
Wheel-Thrown Pottery (DIY) (DIY Network)
Wheel-Thrown Pottery (DIY) (DIY Network)
Anyone who has ever imagined plunging bare hands into cool, moist clay and shaping it into a vase, platter, or tile can now experience the pleasure of pottery. Lifelong potter Bill van Gilder has a bounty of time-tested advice on all the basics, and a plethora of fantastic techniques. That means novices will enjoy the advantages of a master teacher guiding them through each stage of the process—while intermediates will eagerly soak up every new idea he has to offer. With van Gilder’s help, beginners can try hand building, and progress onto the fundamentals of wheel-throwing. They’ll get expert tips on shaping spouts, handles and feet; adding texture, color, and luster; and combining techniques to create a variety of attractive projects.

A production potter for more than 30 years, Bill van Gilder, host of DIY Network’s Throwing Clay, has traveled around the world to learn, teach, and exhibit his craft. He is a regular contributor to Clay Times magazine, and is on the faculty of The Art League School in Alexandria, Virginia. In 2000, he founded the Frederick Pottery School in Maryland.

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A wheel is a circular device that is capable of rotating on an axle through its centre, facilitating movement or transportation while supporting a load (mass), or performing labour in machines. Common examples are found in transport applications. A wheel, together with an axle overcomes friction by facilitating motion by rolling. In order for wheels to rotate, a moment needs to be applied to the wheel about its axis, either by way of gravity, or by application of another external force. More generally the term is also used for other circular objects that rotate or turn, such as a ship's wheel, steering wheel and flywheel. Etymology The English word wheel comes from the Old English word h?eol, which comes from the Proto-Indo-European *kwekwlo-, which was an extended form of the root *kwel- meaning "to revolve, move around". This is also the root of the Greek ?????? kuklos, Serbian Krug, Okrugla, Kolo meaning round/circle, the Sanskrit chakra, and Persian charkh, all meaning "circle" or "wheel", and also in Lithuanian, sukti means "to rotate". The Latin word rota is from the Proto-Indo-European *rota-, the extended o-grade form of the root *ret- meaning "to roll, revolve". Evidence of wheeled vehicles appears from the mid 4th millennium BCE, near-simultaneously in Mesopotamia, the Northern Caucasus (Maykop culture) and Central Europe, and so the question of which culture originally invented the wheeled vehicle remains unresolved and under debate. The earliest well-dated depiction of a wheeled vehicle (here a wagon—four wheels, two axles), is on the Bronocice pot, a ca. 3500–3350 BCE clay pot excavated in a Funnelbeaker culture settlement in southern Poland. The wheeled vehicle from the area of its first occurrence (Mesopotamia, Caucasus, Balkans, Central Europe) spread across Eurasia, reaching the Indus Valley by the 3rd millennium BCE. During the 2nd millennium BCE, the spoke-wheeled chariot spread at an increased pace, reaching both China and Scandinavia by 1200 BCE. In China, the wheel was certainly present with the adoption of the chariot in ca. 1200 BCE, although Barbieri-Low (2000) argues for earlier Chinese wheeled vehicles, circa 2000 BCE. Although they did not develop the wheel proper, the Olmec and certain other western hemisphere cultures seem to have approached it, as wheel-like worked stones have been found on objects identified as children's toys dating to about 1500 BCE.[7] Early antiquity Nubians used wheels for spinning pottery and waterwheels.[8][9] It is thought that Nubian waterwheels may have been ox-driven It is also known that Nubians used horse-driven chariots imported from Egypt. The invention of the wheel thus falls in the late Neolithic, and may be seen in conjunction with the other technological advances that gave rise to the early Bronze Age. Note that this implies the passage of several wheel-less millennia even after the invention of agriculture and of pottery: 9500-6500 BCE: Aceramic Neolithic 6500-4500 BCE: Ceramic Neolithic (Halafian) ca. 4500 BCE: invention of the potter's wheel, beginning of the Chalcolithic (Ubaid period) 4500-3300 BCE: Chalcolithic, earliest wheeled vehicles, domestication of the horse 3300-2200 BCE: Early Bronze Age 2200-1550 BCE: Middle Bronze Age, invention of the spoked wheel and the chariot Wide usage of the wheel was probably delayed because smooth roads were needed for wheels to be effective. Carrying goods on the back would have been the preferred method of transportation over surfaces that contained many obstacles. The lack of developed roads prevented wide adoption of the wheel for transportation until well into the 20th century in less developed areas. Early wheels were simple wooden disks with a hole for the axle. Because of the structure of wood a horizontal slice of a trunk is not suitable, as it does not have the structural strength to support weight without collapsing; rounded pieces of longitudinal boards are required. The spoked wheel was invented more recently, and allowed the construction of lighter and swifter vehicles. The earliest known examples are in the context of the Andronovo culture, dating to ca 2000 BCE. Soon after this, horse cultures of the Caucasus region used horse-drawn spoked-wheel war chariots for the greater part of three centuries. They moved deep into the Greek peninsula where they joined with the existing Mediterranean peoples to give rise, eventually, to classical Greece after the breaking of Minoan dominance and consolidations led by pre-classical Sparta and Athens. Celtic chariots introduced an iron rim around the wheel in the 1st millennium BCE. The spoked wheel had been in continued use without major modification until the 1870s, when wire wheels and pneumatic tires were invented. The invention of the wheel has also been important for technology in general, important applications including the water wheel, the cogwheel (see also antikythera mech
Genesee Country Museum - Flint Hill Pottery
Genesee Country Museum -  Flint Hill Pottery
This is the Flint Hill Pottery building. It is a reconstruction based c. 1845 and is a replica of Morganville Pottery which was in Stafford Township. The Flint Hill Pottery is located in the Antebellum Village section of the village / museum. Now a little bit of history: Morganville Pottery was run by Fortunatus Gleason Jr. and his son Charles. They operated the Morganville Pottery in Stafford Township in Genesee Country, until about the time of the Civil War. The Morganville Pottery was one of the few that was able to survive after many others had shut down because of the competition from larger stoneware factories. The Morganville Pottery turned away from jugs and jars, concentrating on earthenware flower pots and drain tiles for which there was sufficient demand. Through a succession of family-related potters, the Morganville Pottery operation survived into the 20th-century. Sometime after the pottery was closed, the actual structure was moved and adapted into a dwelling. When the Morganville site was excavated, by the Rochester Museum & Science Center, in 1973, the buildings foundation, the floors of two kilns (one inside & one outside of the building) and many earthenware fragments were uncovered. The uncovered earthenware fragments helped identify and document surviving examples of the Morganville Pottery. A little more info: The lead-glazed earthenware produced by the early 19th-century rural potters included crocks, jugs, jars, bottles, plates, bowls, pitchers, milk pans, butter churns, candle & cake molds, drain tiles and flower pots, spittoons and chamber pots. The country potter worked very hard. For his earthenware products, he dug the clay from a neary pit, ground it in a pug mill (sometimes horse-powered), turned the simple shapes on his wheel, applied the lead glaze, fired them in his kiln, and then sold them at the pottery or carried them to storekeepers who would pay the potter in cash or goods. With the completion of the Erie Canal, stoneware factories producing the familiar light-colored and blue decorated wares were established along towns along the waterway. The wares produced in the museum pottery today follow closely documented examples of those turned out by the 19th-century rural potters of the Genesee country. The reproduction pottery created on site is sold at the Flint Hill Country Store. The museum is located at 1410 Flint Hill Road (George Street) in Mumford, NY.

history of pottery wheel
history of pottery wheel
Potter's Studio Handbook: A Start-to-Finish Guide to Hand-Built and Wheel-Thrown Ceramics (Backyard Series)
Like blacksmithing or hobby farming, pottery-making appeals to individuals who like to be creative, work with their hands, and don?t mind getting a little dirty. However, it is a hobby that is largely underserved by the publishing industry, but difficult for someone to learn without a comprehensive guide because the tools and techniques are quite complicated. The Potter?s Studio Handbook guides readers through the process of setting up their own studio and teaching them how to master the techniques at home. Once techniques are mastered, The Potter?s Studio Handbook will remain an invaluable resource to the clay artist when looking to create beautiful, yet functional projects, at home with nearly 25 projects that build upon previously learned skills.
Teaches the three most popular techniques: wheel throwing, hand building, and slipcasting
Teaches readers how to make many functional and beautiful projects at home
Step-by-step photos guarantee success