Field Gear

Field gear carried most of what a soldier needed. It can be looked at as two components, web gear and packs. Web gear carried most of a soldier's combat load, whereas the different packs contained things a soldier needed outside of battle. Both will be explained and outlined here.

Web Gear:
For web gear, this section is organized by role within the unit, rifleman, BAR gunner, assistant gunner, squad leader, medic, machine gunner, etc..  Additionally, web gear is weapon specific and may change drastically depending on what weapon you carry. Gun crews generally carried pistols and carbines, but were seen with M1s so it boils down to whatever you have or choose to carry.

Basic Equipment:
Although this is actually equipment, it is listed here since it is an integral part of a soldier's web gear. Every soldier will generally have the following for his own personal use on his web gear. A canteen, cover, and cup for drinking/eating. A first aid pouch and first aid kit in case he is wounded. These two components are a must for every web gear set in one way or another. As an optional addition, you can add a gas mask bag to the equipment as every soldier should have one in case of gas attack.
Whether they did or not once in the field or whether it actually contained a gas mask is up for debate.

1 - Canteen Cover
1 - Canteen
1 - Canteen Cup
1 - First Aid Pouch
1 - First Aid Kit (Carslile Bandage)

Optional:
1 - M4 Gas Mask 

Rifleman:
Web gear for a rifleman was fairly simple. Combat suspenders and a dismounted cartridge belt. This setup was used for soldiers carrying the M1903, M1903A3, or M1 Garand. There were different varieties of combat suspenders made and supplied, so your pick. The cartridge belt features ten pouches that hold the 8-round enblocks for the M1 or 5 round stripper clips for the '03s. Depending on which weapon you are carrying you can carry 80-100 rounds of ammunition. Additional ammo was carried by soldiers in ammo bags, musette bags, or on bandoleers straight out of the ammo boxes.

1 - Basic equipment set
1 - Combat Suspender
1 - Dismounted Cartridge Belt

Automatic Rifleman:
A soldier carrying a BAR will swap the cartridge belt for a BAR belt. This belt held twelve 20 round magazines, 240 rounds of ammunition. Tactics at the time (and even today) dictate for the base of fire to lay down suppressing/covering fire so that a maneuvering element can get in position to neutralize an enemy. The ammo carried went extremely quickly, which is why an automatic rifleman relied upon assistants to carry additional ammo.

1 - Basic Equipment set
1 - Combat Suspender
1 - BAR Belt

Gunner & Assistant Gunner:
This can vary widely depending on the weapon carried or supported. Is it a BAR (for Automatic Rifleman see above, Assistant Gunners read on)? A 1919A4/A6? A 60mm mortar? A M1A1 Rocket Launcher? They not only had to carry ammo for themselves (a M1, M1 Carbine, or pistol), ammo for the weapon they're supporting, but also parts of the weapon itself (tripod, plate, tube, or gun).

Ammo for the weapon they were attached to would have been carried in bandoleers, ammo cans, or carrying bags/vests. If armed with a M1 Garand or M1903, the web gear would follow the rifleman setup. For those armed with a M1 Carbine or pistol, the web gear changes to a pistol belt and ammo pouches. The first pouch on the belt could snap into the pistol belt, but the rest move loosely around. Place the canteen and first aid kit strategically to minimize movement.

1 - Basic Equipment set
1 - Combat Suspender (optional)
1 - Pistol Belt

M1 Carbine:
2+ - M1 Carbine Ammo Pouches

Pistol, M1911:
1+ - M1923 Pouch for M1911

Sub-machine Gun:
For someone armed with a Thompson or M3 Grease gun, the web gear is similar to above. Ammo is carried in pouches added to a pistol bet. Ammo can be carried in ammo bags, either strictly bags or in conjunction with the pouches.

1 - Basic Equipment Set
1 - Combat Suspender (optional)
1 - Pistol Belt
1+ - 5 Cell Thompson Pouch
or
1+ - Spare Magazine Bag or M1 Ammo Bag

Squad Leader:
As a rule, this is whoever is ranking on site, so perhaps it's a PFC, maybe a corporal, maybe it's actually the sarge (if he's still alive), but depending on casualties this role will change ownership, web gear doesn't. Squad leaders needed to be able to get their men where they were needed, thus the compass and map case. Both they may not have at all or might just be missing one. Not required (or available on the front lines after suffering casualties) but very useful. Otherwise, the web gear depends on the weapon carried. Is it a M1 Carbine? M1 Garand? Sub-machine gun?

1 - Compass Pouch
1 - Lensatic Compass
1 - Map Case
See Above Web Gear Sets for More Info

Medic:
Medics will carry no offensive weapons, per the Geneva Convention. So no worrying about weapons and additional ammo. Generally speaking, medics had suspenders called medic yokes (they're really just big suspenders), two medic bags, with lots of bandages and other medical stuff. Medics were known to improvise and adapt, so they would have carried their things in whatever was most comfortable to them or what was easiest for them to work with. The rest of the soldiers didn't care, so long as they got patched up! This set described below is the standard.

1 - Basic Equipment Set
1 - Pistol Belt
1 - Medic Yoke
2 - Medic Bags (2)
1 - Set Cantle Straps
As many inserts (variety 1, variety 2), bandages, pill boxes, syrettes, plasma bottles, etc you can fit in them. 

Note: Medic setup may consist of M1 bags, spare magazine bags, musette bags or whatever else the medic found that could carry a large volume of bandages and necessary gear.

Litter Bearer:
Medics keep men comfortable while they are dying. It's the job of a a litter team to evacuate the wounded to an aid station. Usually a four man team, but at a minimum a two man team. These were usually other soldiers that were detailed to this specific purpose, their gear they had on them would reflect whatever role they had before. A specific piece of gear that will help are the litter straps.

1 - Basic Equipment set

Anti-Tank Rocket Launcher:
Also known as the Bazooka, whether you carry the M1 version, M1A1, or M9 bazooka you're going to need to be able to carry your own equipment in addition to rocket ammo for the bazooka (your ammo bearers will assist in this). The specific bag for this purpose is the M6 bazooka bag, of which there were several varieties. 



Additional Bags/Pouches:
Frequently there is a need to carry additional ammunition, grenades, rations, etc. into the field without carrying a full on pack with you. This can be accomplished through one of the following bags or pouches designed for specifically this purpose. They may be worn individually or attached to webgear.

M1 Ammo Bag - for grenades, rifle or carbine ammo, SMG ammo, or whatever else
Spare Magazine Bag - meant more for SMG magazines
Gas Mask Bag - for whatever you need to carry at your side
M1 Carbine Pouch - for two carbine magazines or two enblocs. 
Thompson Pouch - for Thompson magazines
M6 Bazooka Rocket Bag - for bazooka rockets or whatever else will fit
Shotgun Pouch - for shotgun shells and little else
Bandoleer - for stripper clips, enblocs, or M1 Carbine magazines.


Packs:
Packs came in many varieties and sizes. Depended on need and availability. This area will be organized by most appropriate for the 10th to not so appropriate.

Mountain Rucksack:
The ruck could be filled with roughly 90 pounds of gear. It has a metal tubular frame and large canvas pack area. With four pockets (one built into the cover flap and three on the outside) and three eyelet tabs for more equipment, the rucksack will take you far. Most rucksacks out there are missing two important pieces, the rifle strap that fits through the large grommet at the top of the pack and the belly band that goes around your stomach. The pack was designed to keep the weight low and around your hips. This design point aided in both climbing, skiing, and general comfortableness. Whether empty or loaded, the rucksack is comfortable to wear. Additionally, the rifle strap allowed the rifle to be carried without slinging it (where it will inevitably slip free). It was clipped and tied to the pack. Thus, one could do things with two free hands. The ruck comes in a variety of patterns and is best described on this site.

Musette Bag:
The musette bag was an alternative to the haversack monstrosity described below. A simple bag that could be attached to combat suspenders or worn as a satchel with the addition of a GP strap. There are no places to attach a bayonet, e-tool, or other equipment, so that equipment would have to be attached to one's web gear somehow. 

M1928 Haversack:
This was a standard issue item seen used by all infantry divisions (a plus for doing alternate impressions). The pack also replaces the need for combat suspenders since the pack attaches directly to the cartridge belt. It is more difficult to pack (than the ruck) and not the most comfortable pack to wear (compared to a ruck) and move around in (compared to a musette bag). This pack does have specific places to carry one's e-tool, shovel cover, meat can pouch, mess kit, and bayonet (along with everything else) unlike the musette bag (no specific placement).

Jungle Pack:
Believe it or not members of the 10th were issued this pack. Don't ask why or how, we're not fully sure, but it happened and we have photos. It's very similar to the Haversack in concept, but extra gear is carried on the web gear like the musette bag.
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