Gold Trading Volume

gold trading volume
    trading volume
  • The number of shares transacted every day. As there is a seller for every buyer, one can think of the trading volume as half of the number of shares transacted. That is, if A sells 100 shares to B, the volume is 100 shares.
  • The average volume (in thousands and local currency) of common shares traded during the last three years and one year on the major exchange that the shares are listed on. For U.S. companies it is the New York Stock Exchange.
  • Trading volume is a measure of the number of stocks, bonds, futures contracts, options, or other investments that are sold in a specific period of time, such as a day.
  • A deep lustrous yellow or yellow-brown color
  • coins made of gold
  • made from or covered with gold; "gold coins"; "the gold dome of the Capitol"; "the golden calf"; "gilded icons"
  • A yellow precious metal, the chemical element of atomic number 79, valued esp. for use in jewelry and decoration, and to guarantee the value of currencies
  • An alloy of this
  • amber: a deep yellow color; "an amber light illuminated the room"; "he admired the gold of her hair"
gold trading volume - Modern Perspectives
Modern Perspectives on the Gold Standard
Modern Perspectives on the Gold Standard
Exchange rate instability and crises are a fact of economic life in today's world of open international capital markets. Yet this was not always the case: for more than a third of a century prior to 1914, the gold standard reconciled open financial markets with stable exchange rates among the currencies of the major industrial countries. This book explores how that system worked. The result is an overview of the classical gold standard, a survey of the relevant applied research in international macroeconomics, and a demonstration of how the past can help to inform the present.

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THE GREAT APPEASER?...OR...MUSLIM RADICAL SYMPATHIZER? (FOR YOU LIB READERS: (to share the ideas or ideals of another person or group)
THE GREAT APPEASER?...OR...MUSLIM RADICAL SYMPATHIZER? (FOR YOU LIB READERS: (to share the ideas or ideals of another person or group)
Appeasing the Muslim Brotherhood -- Obama's Rubicon Moment By Eileen F. Toplansky Signed on September 17, 1978, the Camp David Accords ushered in a peace between Egypt and Israel. This peace is clearly in jeopardy now that Obama has shown that America can no longer be trusted to aid its allies, let alone its own interests. In 2010, Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano secretly met with the Muslim Brotherhood, "a movement that uses a religious identity to mask its political agenda." Also in 2010, the U.N. Security Council "quietly dropped Youssef Nada, a prominent financial and diplomatic representative of the Muslim Brotherhood from an international sanctions list directed at curbing the activities of alleged terrorist financiers." At the time, Victor Comras, a former adviser on financial sanctions believed that "the Obama administration would have had to signal that it was willing to go along with this decision." The Muslim Brotherhood, long a supporter of Hamas and Hezb'allah, deliberately works to "foster confusion" in order to obfuscate its real message. Thus, conflicting messages come from the Brotherhood leaders, yet it is patently apparent that they are committed to the destruction of Israel. During the Holy Land Foundation case, one of the most interesting exhibits was a "Muslim Brotherhood memorandum by Mohamed Akram, dated May 22, 1991, where he outlines the Ikhwan [Muslim Brotherhood] vision of the future." Thus, "the Ikhwan must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand Jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and 'sabotaging' its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers so that it is eliminated and God's religion is made victorious over all other religions." The Brotherhood's slogan depicting a Koran and swords reinforces the group's commitment to jihad and worldwide Islamification. On October 27, 2009, the Muslim Brotherhood Sheik Mahdi Akef claimed that the "Arab rulers are more despicable than the Zionists" and urged his listeners "to wage jihad." In 2007, Akef said that the "Brotherhood has not recognized Camp David from the very first day it was signed." In 2004, Akef declared "his complete faith that Islam will invade Europe and America." More recently, in his February 4, 2011 Friday sermon, Iranian Supreme Leader Al-Khamenei exhorted his listeners as he described the events in Egypt as an "Islamic liberation movement." He reminded his followers of the Iranian Revolution, also known as the Islamic revolution or 1979 Revolution, and reflected on certain parallels with the current Egyptian uprising. Khamenei called the Camp David peace treaty signed by Egypt and Israel the "Treaty of Shame." Syria was praised by Khamenei, while Egypt's Mubarak is cited as a traitor to the Islamic movement. Moreover, Khamenei told his worshipers "not [to] trust the role played by the West and America. ... " Ominously, Khamenei explained that "the religious scholars, and Al-Azhar ... [would] play a much more significant role [in the new Islamic revolution]." Thus, "when the people embark on its revolution from the mosques and the Friday sermons, and raise the slogan of 'Allah Akbar,' the Islamic scholars are expected to play a more prominent role. This expectation is in place." From his pulpit, Khamenei avowed that "the Zionist enemy, not the Egyptian people, should tremble in fear of the Egyptian army," as he believes the Egyptian army will [eventually] join the masses." In November 2007, Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi wrote for the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs that the Muslim Brotherhood's "top priority is constructing a Muslim infrastructure in the West which will slowly but surely enable it to rule during the 21st century. As far as the final goal is concerned, there are no policy differences between al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood. The two organizations have the same objective: to place the entire world under an Islamic caliphate." More recently, Dore Gold asks if "the Obama administration's policy toward Egypt [is] based on a perception that the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood would be extremely dangerous -- Or have they taken the position...that the Brotherhood has become moderate and can be talked to?" In September of 2010, Muslim leaders were brought to the White House in order to provide the groups "funding, government assistance and resources." That is, "the workshop apparently provided special access for these Muslim Brotherhood organizers." Thus, "the White House initiated a taxpayer-funded government stimulus program for the attending Muslim Brotherhood-associated groups." In fact, "the sponsoring organization (CCMO) or Coordinating Council of M
Seville Cathedral, Spain - November 2007
Seville Cathedral, Spain - November 2007
The Cathedral of Seville, formally Catedral de Santa Maria de la Sede (Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See) was begun in 1402, with construction continuing into the 16th century. It is the largest of all Roman Catholic cathedrals (Saint Peter's Basilica not being a cathedral) and also the largest Medieval Gothic religious building, in terms of both area and volume. It is 76 by 115 meters, and was built to cover the land previously occupied by the Almohad Mosque. Its central nave rises to an awesome 42 metres and even the side chapels seem tall enough to contain an ordinary church. Its main altarpiece is considered the largest in the Christian world. The interior, with the longest nave in Spain, is lavishly decorated, with a large quantity of gold evident. In the main body of the cathedral only the great box like structure of the coro stands out, filling the central portion of the nave. This opens onto the Capilla Mayor, dominated by a vast Gothic retablo of 45 carved scenes from the life of Christ. The lifetime's work of a single craftsman, Pierre Dancart, this is the ultimate masterpiece of the cathedral - the largest and richest altarpiece in the world and one of the finest examples of Gothic woodcarving anywhere. The Cathedral also has a large collection of religious jewelry items, paintings and sculptures, along with the tomb of Christopher Columbus. The builders reused some columns and elements from the mosque, and most famously the Giralda, originally a minaret, was converted into a bell tower. It is topped with a statue representing Faith. The Giralda is the city's most famous symbol. This cathedral was built to demonstrate Seville's wealth, as it had become a major trading center in the years after the Reconquista. During the planning of the cathedral's construction, a member of the chapter was recorded to have commented "we shall have a church [so great and] of such a kind that those who see it built will think we were mad." Timeline •1184 - La Giralda begun (Harvey 260) •1198 - Completion of Almohad Mosque (Montiel 12) (Harvey 260) •1248 - Conquest of Seville by Ferdinand III, mosque Christianized (Montiel 14) •1376 - Earthquake destroys minaret, replaced by bell gable (Montiel 12) •1401 - (8 July- Harvey 230) Decision made to replace former mosque (Montiel 15) •1402 - Nave begun- SW corner (Harvey 260) •1432 - Nave completed, east end started (Harvey 260) •1433 - Demolition of Royal Chapel authorized by Juan II (Montiel 15) •1467 - East end completed, vaults begun. Anchors added. (Harvey 260) •1475 - Stalls begun (Harvey 260) •1478 - Stalls completed (Harvey 260) •1481 - Doorways in high altar completed (Montiel 16) •1482 - Retablo Mayor begun (ALTARPIECE) (Harvey 260) •1498 - Vaults completed, lantern begun (Harvey 260)* •1506 - Main dome (lantern) completed (Montiel 16) (Harvey 260) •1511 - Lantern collapses, rebuilding begins (Montiel 16) (Harvey 260) •1515 - New choir vaults completed (Montiel 16)* •1517 - New transept vaults completed (Montiel 16)* •1519 - Lantern rebuilding completed (Harvey 260) •1526 - Retablo Mayor completed (Harvey 260) •1551 - Capilla Real begun (Harvey 260) •1558 - Belfry replaces bell gable (Montiel 12) •1568 - Giralda, top stages (Harvey 260) •1575 - Capilla Real completed (Harvey 260) •1888 - Main dome and vaults collapse (Montiel 16)

gold trading volume
gold trading volume
Yu-Gi-Oh! Master Collection Volume 1
The Yu-Gi-Oh TCG Master Collection is a two part series containing the treasures of Yu-Gi-Oh TCG. First to be offered is Yu-Gi-Oh TCG Master Collection 1; this highly collectible set includes first six Yu-Gi-Oh TCG boosters in a stylish, gold, Egyptian-themed storage portfolio. Each portfolio includes a Legend of Blue-Eyes White Dragon, Metal Raiders, Spell Ruler, Pharaoh's Servant, Labyrinth of Nighare, and Legacy of Darkness booster packs, and six variant cards, including the highly sought after "Exodia the Forbidden One" card. Each Yu-Gi-Oh trading card game master collection includes the following contents: one Legend of blue-eyes white dragon, one metal raider, one magic ruler, one Pharaoh's servant, one labyrinth of nighare, one legacy of darkness and six variant cards

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