策展誌 Preface

供展單位  國立自然科學博物館  National Museum of Natural Science

海角印象-劉其偉父子的新幾內亞行

Cape Impressions- A Journey of Exploration in New Guinea by Max and Nin-sheng Liu


   

國立自然科學博物館(2011.1.1~9.4
臺北市立兒童育樂中心(2011.12.10~2012.6.17)
宜蘭自然史教育館(2013.6.16~2014.10.17)

策展誌            

    在襲捲世界的全球化浪潮中,新幾內亞因有著獨特的人文生態和環境背景,長久以來為人類學研究重要經典的區域。劉其偉、劉寧生父子和劉士勳先生,是臺灣極少數赴新幾內亞進行文物和影像採集的案例。1993年深入塔里高地、普羅羅雨林、希匹克河上游,以及離島的它霸群島等地,行經高地、雨林、沼澤和島嶼等不同的地域,結合了藝術、探險、田野調查、文物採集,以及標本國家化入藏的轉折。所採集捐贈的240組件物質文化標本,成為科博館第一批大洋洲民族學館藏,同時也是「大洋洲廳」建置的重要基礎。不過,較鮮為人知的是,此行其實也透過鏡頭,捕捉當時所見原住民的生活面貌和生態環境,留下了64卷黑白膠片、2千張彩色幻燈片和60小時動態影像。在傳統文化快速崩解的世紀,這些珍貴的圖像記錄,除了述說當時文物採集的背景脈絡,同時也見證了「人類最後石器時代世界」的樣貌。

  作為世界文化視窗的現代博物館,藉由視覺影像傳達文化與意義,已經是不可或缺的媒介。因此,在中華民國建國精采百年,同時是劉其偉百歲誕辰的時刻,本展精選百幅由劉其偉家屬提供的黑白影像,配合「大洋洲廳」展出的物質文化標本,完整共構新幾內亞部落社會的意象。在地球生態環境和地方文化急速變遷的世代,本展示期待提供觀眾體察,人類社會「曾經」擁有過的多樣化生活形態和異質居處方式,省思並展望同為太平洋島嶼世紀的未來。

        New Guinea has long been an important destination for anthropological researchers due to its distinctive cultures and environments, even in the face of globalization. Max Liu and his son, Nin-sheng Liu, as well as Shih-hsun Liu, are among the relatively few Taiwanese who have ventured to New Guinea to collect cultural artifacts and images. In 1993, they traveled to the Tari Highlands, Bulolo Rain Forest, upper reaches of the Sepik River and the Tabar Group Islands. They explored different areas of New Guinea including the highlands, rainforests, swamps and offshore islands. Their journey combined art, exploration, field survey, and cultural object collection, as well as the transfer of specimens to a national collection. They collected 240 material culture specimens which they donated to this museum to establish its Oceania collection. These form the core of the Oceania exhibition area.  Through their camera lenses they collected images of the lifestyles of the indigenous peoples and the environments in which they live. This collection includes 64 rolls of black and white film, 2,000 color slides and 60 hours of video. With the rapid disappearance of traditional cultures, the images that were obtained are a precious record, which not only describe the background to the collection of cultural objects but also serve as evidence of the last Stone Age culture on Earth.

        As a window to the world’s cultures, images that convey culture and meaning are a must in modern museums. Therefore, as part of the centennial celebration of the Republic of China and the celebration of the 100th birthday of Max Liu, this exhibition includes 100 black and white images selected by the family of Max Liu that complement the material culture specimens on display in the Oceania exhibition area. These images are of village life in New Guinea. In this time of rapid environmental and cultural change, this exhibition provides visitors with the opportunity to experience a diversity of lifestyles and ways of living, as well as to ponder the future of the islands of the Pacific.



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