The Cold War

“The Cold War really began with the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917; and it triggered a hot war in 1939 as soon as the British and French squandered the chance to secure a firm military alliance with the Soviet Union.”

Michael Jabara Carley. 1939: The Alliance That Never Was and the Coming of World War II. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1999.

“Our Cold War foreign policy truly began with George F. Kennan’s famous article, signed “X,” published in Foreign Affairs in July of 1947, in which Kennan argued for a “firm and vigilant containment” of a Soviet Union that was imperially, rather than ideologically, motivated. ”

The Coming Anarchy, by Robert D. Kaplan, February 1994, Atlantic.

A Bi-Polar World


Berlin Airlift

Early Challenges to Containment

Korean War

Stalin Is Dead

Warsaw Pact

The Suez Crisis


The Berlin Wall

Tito and Yugoslavia

Cold War Diplomacy 1945-63

Cuban Missile Crisis and Castro’s Rise

The Hot War 56-63

Detente 1963-79

The Vietnam War 1945-54

The USA Escalates the Vietnam War