Final Exam Objectives

1. Define variation, adaptation, and natural selection. Apply each in terms of genetics, genes, and chance. Be able to calculate mean, median, and mode given data sets. Construct a histogram based off of the data collected. Think 'Spit Lab' Unit VI

2. Identify producers, various consumer levels, and decomposers in a food web. Explain energy flow within the web. Discuss where chemicals and nutrients are concentrated in the web. Unit I

3. Describe the general characteristics of the cell as the basic unit of life. Unit II

4. Identify the structures of the cell and their functions. Unit II

5. Explain the importance to cell function of the surface area to volume ratio. Unit III

6. Contrast the reactants and products of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Unit I

7. Define diffusion, osmosis and active transport, and identify how they are important in moving materials relative to a concentration gradient. Unit III

8. Describe properties of enzymes and interpret graphs of enzyme action. Unit III

9. Explain the structure of DNA & Explain the way it replicates itself. Explain the general process by which a DNA code is translated into a protein, and the effect a mutation to the DNA may have on the resulting protein. Unit V

10. Discuss the role of DNA in living organisms and the basis of the DNA code. Unit V

11. Interpret basic genetic vocabulary and use Punnett squares to solve monohybrid AND dihybrid crosses with autosomal & X-linked traits. Unit IV

12. Define population, and list 4 general factors that cause population numbers to change. Unit I

13. Give examples of specific limiting factors (both biotic and abiotic) and their effect on populations. Unit I

14. Construct and interpret graphs of population change over time, identifying rates (including averages) of increase and decrease (using proper units). Discuss reasons for the changes in the context of the example. Unit I

15. Distinguish and describe the differences between the two types of cell reproduction: mitosis & meiosis. Unit III

16. Interpret data and generate logical hypotheses from results. All Units

17. Set up and identify components of a proper graph. All Units

18. Distinguish the key parts of the Scientific Method. All Units

19. Use a microscope to identify key structures in a cell and display those results effectively (hint - be able to make a standard biological drawing) Units I, II, & III