4.6.2.3

4.6.2.3 Properties of electromagnetic waves 2

4.6.2.3 Properties of electromagnetic waves 2

Content

(HT only) Radio waves can be produced by oscillations in electrical circuits.

(HT only) When radio waves are absorbed they may create an alternating current with the same frequency as the radio wave itself, so radio waves can themselves induce oscillations in an electrical circuit.

Changes in atoms and the nuclei of atoms can result in electromagnetic waves being generated or absorbed over a wide frequency range. Gamma rays originate from changes in the nucleus of an atom.

Ultraviolet waves, X-rays and gamma rays can have hazardous effects on human body tissue. The effects depend on the type of radiation and the size of the dose. Radiation dose (in sieverts) is a measure of the risk of harm resulting from an exposure of the body to the radiation.

1000 millisieverts (mSv) = 1 sievert (Sv)

Students will not be required to recall the unit of radiation dose.

Students should be able to draw conclusions from given data about the risks and consequences of exposure to radiation.

Ultraviolet waves can cause skin to age prematurely and increase the risk of skin cancer. X-rays and gamma rays are ionising radiation that can cause the mutation of genes and cancer.

WS 1.5 -Evaluate risks both in practical science and the wider societal context, including perception of risk in relation to data and consequences.

Resources

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Practicals

Practical

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Safety

Asthma attack risk for selected student?