18.104.22.168 Cells and batteries
- Cells contain chemicals which react to produce electricity. AT6
GCSE Chemistry (8462). For exams 2018 onwards. Version 1.0
Key opportunities for skills development
The voltage produced by a cell is dependent upon a number of factors including the type of electrode and electrolyte.
A simple cell can be made by connecting two different metals in contact with an electrolyte.
Batteries consist of two or more cells connected together in series to provide a greater voltage.
In non-rechargeable cells and batteries the chemical reactions stop when one of the reactants has been used up. Alkaline batteries are non-rechargeable.
Rechargeable cells and batteries can be recharged because the chemical reactions are reversed when an external electrical current is supplied.
Students should be able to interpret data for relative reactivity of different metals and evaluate the use of cells.
Students do not need to know details of cells and batteries other than those specified.
AT6 Safe use and careful handling of gases, liquids and solids, including careful mixing of reagents under controlled conditions, using appropriate apparatus to explore chemical changes and/or products (links to A-level AT a and k).