Chemical bonds


  • There are three types of strong chemical bonds: ionic, covalent and metallic. For ionic bonding the particles are oppositely charged ions. For covalent bonding the particles are atoms which share pairs of electrons. For metallic bonding the particles are atoms which share delocalised electrons.

Ionic bonding occurs in compounds formed from metals combined with non-metals.

Covalent bonding occurs in most non-metallic elements and in compounds of non-metals.

Metallic bonding occurs in metallic elements and alloys.

Students should be able to explain chemical bonding in terms of electrostatic forces and the transfer or sharing of electrons.

WS 1.2 Use a variety of models such as representational, spatial, descriptive, computational and mathematical to solve problems, make predictions and to develop scientific explanations and understanding of familiar and unfamiliar facts.

MS 5b - Visualise and represent 2D and 3D forms including two dimensional representations of 3D objects