• Students should be able to describe evolution as a change in the inherited characteristics of a population over time through a process of natural selection which may result in the formation of a new species.
  1. The theory of evolution by natural selection states that all species of living things have evolved from simple life forms that first developed more than three billion years ago.
  2. Students should be able to explain how evolution occurs through natural selection of variants that give rise to phenotypes best suited to their environment.
  3. If two populations of one species become so different in phenotype that they can no longer interbreed to produce fertile offspring they have formed two new species.

Recognise/draw/interpret diagrams. Translate from data to a representation with a model. Use models in explanations, or match features of a model to the data from experiments or observations that the model describes or explains. Make predictions or calculate quantities based on the model or show its limitations. Give examples of ways in which a model can be tested by observation or experiment.