Francisco Roldán


I am an Economist at the IMF's Research Department. I received my PhD from New York University in 2019.

My research topics are in macroeconomics, international finance, sovereign debt crises, and inflation dynamics.

Find here my CV and a draft of my job market paper.

Aggregate Demand and Sovereign Debt Crises (Job Market Paper)

Sovereign debt crises are associated with pronounced recessions. In the conventional view, poor economic conditions increase default incentives and hence bond spreads. I provide evidence suggesting that the reaction of consumption demand creates feedback from sovereign spreads to output even while the government is in good standing with creditors. Because they ignore the savings behavior of private agents, existing models cannot capture this empirical feature of crises. I study the implications of this feedback mechanism in a model where the government of a small open economy borrows from foreign lenders but some of the debt is held by domestic savers who are heterogeneous in their wealth. This heterogeneity means that potential sovereign defaults carry redistributive effects in addition to aggregate income losses. Both of these effects introduce risk in private agents' expectations after bad news for repayment. Default risk then exacerbates the precautionary motive of households and depresses aggregate demand when spreads increase.

Contact Info

International Monetary Fund, Research Department

700 19th St NW

Washington, DC 20431

froldan [at) imf (dot] org