## Statistics

### Facts are statements from reliable sources about real things.

Example: Your topic sentence claims that cheetahs are the fastest animals on land.

Fact: Cheetahs have a sprinting speed of up to 71 mph.

Fact: Loose hip and shoulder joints help the cheetah extend its reach while running, enabling short bursts of high speed.

### Statistics are facts expressed in numbers. There are many other ways to express facts.

Example: Your topic sentence claims that the Chinese are big users of the Internet.

Statistic: A study in 2010 counted Chinese users at over 440 million, second only to English users who number about 537 million.

### In order to identify a fact, you must first determine if a source is credible.

Preview this site to determine the criteria of a credible source.

Still confused? Here's a few more definitions.

• A statistic is a number or a fraction or any form of numerical data, such as the population of a city, the number of people in a building...things like that.
• A fact is an accepted theory or idea that can be proven, such as the sky is blue, the grass is green.

Example: The population of Maple Town is 65,906 people. (Statistic) The population last year was 64,898. (Statistic) The population has increased since last year. (Fact)

Another definition:

• A fact is a piece of information used as evidence.
• A statistic is a fact or piece of data from a study of a large quantity of numerical data.

Another definition:

• A fact is something that has actual existence: a matter of objective reality.
• A statistic is a quantity (such as the mean of a sample) that is computed from a sample.