Special Populations

A key feature of Community Schools is the support of Students in Temporary Housing and other Special Populations. Using data to keep track of these students will help you identify which students need more supports and which supports should be assigned to these students. The Assets and Needs Assessment will ensure that systems in the school are optimized to work for the most vulnerable students and families.

Under the McKinney-Vento Act, Students in Temporary Housing are students who live in any of the following situations:

  • A shelter or transitional shelter

  • A motel

  • A car, bus or train

  • A park or public place

  • An abandoned building

  • With friends or relatives because they cannot find or afford housing

Students and Families Who Are Doubled Up

Students and families who are doubled up make up a large portion of students in temporary housing. Students often live in temporary housing situations with relatives, friends, or others because of a loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reason.

Domestic violence involves violence or abuse by one person against another in a familial or intimate relationship.

Domestic violence is most commonly thought of as intimate partner violence, but can also include violence or abuse from a family member.

Court involved students and families face significant challenges.It is important to remember that students who are arrested and detained or incarcerated can attend school. Select the link above for resources.

Foster Care or Child Welfare Involved Students and Families

A foster youth is defined as any child who has been removed from the custody of their parent(s) or guardian(s) by the juvenile court, and placed in a group home or foster home.

An English Language Learner, or ELL, is a student whose home language is not English and needs support learning English.

The DOE and the Mayor’s Office are committed to protecting the right of every student to attend public school, regardless of immigration status, national origin, or religion. The United States Supreme Court has also recognized the importance of public education for all students, including undocumented students.

Students with disabilities experience some physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.

A crisis or trauma is an event, situation, or period that causes uncertainty, distress, pain, and difficulty. A child's response to trauma may cause emotional and behavioral changes that negatively impact their ability to learn.

The New York City Department of Education supports lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) students, families, and staff across the five boroughs through a variety of policies and programs.

For resources on how to support your school's LGBTQ students, click here.