Newsletter 2019

ISOI PIT 2019: Science and Technology for the Development of the Indonesian Maritime Industry

(09/11/2019) The Association of Indonesian Oceanology (ISOI) is a professional organization and scientific community engaged in oceanology. "Since its founding in 1973, ISOI has routinely held Annual National Scientific Meetings (PIT) which describe and discuss the results of research and scientific studies in the field of marine and fisheries; provide solutions to problems faced by the community in the field of marine and fisheries; discuss the implementation and implications of a policy made by the government; and about ISOI's organizational activities. Every year, the ISOI PIT is filled with various activities in the form of meetings, seminars and community service in the marine field.

In 2019, the XVI PIT was held at the Santika Premier Hotel, Ambon, which lasted for three days, 7-9 November 2019. The number of participants reached 200 and papers that were presented 115 scientific papers. The theme that carried out was in accordance with the demands of Indonesia's current maritime development, namely "Science and Technology for the Development of the Indonesian Maritime Industry". This activity was organized by the Central ISOI and the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs in collaboration with the Indonesia-Korea MTCRC. The Special Program held on the 2nd day in collaboration with the Republic of Korea featuring Indonesian-Korean experts discussed the International Cooperation Present and Future on Marine Science and Technology and Experience of Indonesian with topics including marine environment and marine observation.

Full Contents: https://porostimur.com/pit-isoi-2019-iptek-untuk-pengembangan-industri-maritim-indonesia/

Map of Forecast Height Wave (source: http://maritim.bmkg.go.id/)

BMKG Announces Six Wavy High Sea Areas

(10/01/2019) BMKG (Indonesian Agency for Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics) declares the notice about high wave in several sea in Indonesia on Thursday, January 10th 2019. The notice level starts from ‘cautious’ until ‘dangerous’ status. This notice valid from January 10th 2019 at 07.00 WIB to January 13th 2019 at 07.00 WIB. BMKG said that there are six locations with a ‘dangerous’ level or high wave of 2,5-4 meters, namely Sangihe-Talud Islands Ocean, North Maluku Sea, Halmahera Ocean, North Ocean of West Papua, Halmahera Sea, and North Pasific Ocean of Halmahera to Papua. Beside that, there are notice of ‘cautious’ level for North Malaka Strait and North Ocean of Sabang with 1,25-2,5 high wave, BMKG added.

Dead Sea Biota due to Crude Palm Oil Spill in South Buton

(20/01/2019) The crude palm oil spill that has not been addressed in the Majapahit Sub-District, Batauga Subdistrict, South Buton Regency, Southeast Sulawesi, not only causes bad smell, but can also kill marine life. Residents found many marine biota such as small fish, shellfish, sea cucumbers and octopuses around the coast of Majapahit died from being hit by crude palm oil spills.

"This morning, I had time to see a dead octopus, a small fish with a depth, 0-2 meters found small fish died during low tide. "Some marine biota, such as snails, shells, sea cucumbers are found dead, and these types of materials are consumed by the people here," said La Nusia, a resident of Majapahit Village, Sunday (01/20/2019). He also added, currently the beach in three villages, namely Majapahit Village, Lampanairi Village, and Desa Bola had lost their form, from white to black and rotting. "Here there is a tourism place, called Jodoh Beach. Now Jodoh Beach has black beaches. It's lost its original form, because white sand used to be black and rot now, "he said. Also read: The Stench of Palm Oil Spill in South Buton Cause Dizzy and Nauseous Residents La Nusia added that clumping palm oil has mixed with sand to form chunks like gravel.

However, chunks of crude palm oil when exposed to the waves become broken and blend into other chunks and cause a foul odor. At present the community in the 3 villages has made a subpoena to the company carrying the crude palm oil, PT Gebari Medan Segara, which is in Jakarta. "We did another summons, about a week ago. We have made the second subpoena, and we have submitted it to the attorney, trying to do the third subpoena to the company PT Gebari Medan Segara, "La Nusia said. Another resident, Rhiza, also said the same thing. He said, many marine biota found by residents were found dead. "We hope that the crude palm oil spill will be resolved soon, so that besides the stench disappears, the marine biota here can live again," he said.

High ocean tides can be expected during the Supermoon

(20/01/2019) Supermoon on January 21, 2019 is rumored to be making maximum tides of sea water. It has been said that, because the moon influences the ocean tides on Earth.

Some astronomers say the supermoon phenomenon will have an impact on sea tide conditions. "In general, the effect is there, but the details will certainly depend also on the beach conditions and the type of tides on the beach," said Rukman Nugraha, an astronomer from the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), Saturday, January 19, 2019. The BMKG issued an early warning about the maximum tide of sea water for the period January 19-22 2019. The warning was related to the supermoon phenomenon, namely full moon when the distance of the moon to the earth is in the closest position (perigee).

In January, the distance of the middle month is closest to the earth or called perigee. On January 22, the moon reached its closest distance to the earth as far as 357,342 kilometers. Before that, on January 21, the moon will appear in full (full moon) in the territory of Indonesia. "It is called a super moon because the moon enters the full moon phase when it is closest to the earth," said Avivah Yamani, an astronomy activist in the Langit Selatan community, Bandung, Sunday, January 13, 2019.

On that day, the moon will be above the horizon from sunset until dawn arrives. If the sky is clear, the condition is a good opportunity to observe the moon and its craters. "After the full moon phase, when the moon rises slowly it will shift increasingly late," he said.

BMKG asks coastal communities to be vigilant during January 19-22 2018. Especially those who live on the north coast of Jakarta to East Java, also the southern coast, such as Cilacap, Tanjung Benoa Bali, the coast of West Kalimantan, and Makassar. Astronomers who are also the Head of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (Lapan) Thomas Djamaluddin said, supermoon indeed causes maximum tides. But actually, he said, the maximum tide at full moon usually occurs every month. "It's just because of the closest moon distance, the effect is higher than usual. It's not dangerous," he said, Saturday, January 19, 2019. The potential for tidal flooding or due to sea tides, said Djamaluddin, could emerge from high waves due to bad weather the sea. This condition can cause further tidal floods to land.

Scuba Company Grow Basil in World's First Underwater Farm

(10/11/2018) One hundred meters off the coast of Noli, Italy, scuba divers approach a pod of 2,000-liter acrylic demi-spheres that resemble giant jellyfish standing at the bottom of the ocean. Anchored to the ocean floor by ropes, chains, and screws, the biospheres surround a half-ton metal tree that serves as a 12-foot-tall cable protector. But take a closer look: bright, fresh plants are inside, thriving 15-36 feet below the surface.

Founded in 2012 by father and son duo Sergio and Luca Gamberini, and run by scuba company Ocean Reef Group, Nemo’s Garden is an underwater farm that grows anything from basil (their first plant) to aloe vera. The pair, acutely aware of the limitations of Earth’s resources and humanity’s ability to squander them, sought an alternative solution for the precarious process of farming, which has become an increasingly difficult process as climate change intensifies.

“The resources we use on land right now will not be there in the future,” says Luca in a video Volvo produced to showcase the pair. “They’re scarce, and they will run out.” Underwater, many of the issues of traditional farming vanish while still providing plants with their core needs. Isolated from inclement weather like hail or the devastating effects of parasites, the sunlight each plant needs still reaches the biospheres. Eliminating potential for parasites also lets Nemo’s Garden remain pesticide-free. (Although, the occasional crab or octopus stops by to check out the setup). Under the pressure of the ocean, research shows that the plants in Nemo's Garden grow faster than their land-based counterparts.

The stability of the ocean’s temperature creates a low-maintenance water management system, while traditional farms often struggle with insufficient or inconsistent rain. The temperature difference inside and the outside of the spheres causes the water at the bottom to evaporate and condense on the inner walls, thus feeding more than 90 seeds in each biosphere. But these biospheres went through many iterations before evolving into the plant utopias they are today.

Sergio and Luca grew their first underwater crop, basil, in the Bay of Noli in 2012. Since then, their mechanisms have evolved: what once looked like plastic bags that storms washed ashore now looks like technology plucked straight from Atlantis.

BMKG Issues Extreme Weather Warning in Lampung Sea Coast

(17/01/2019) BMKG Maritim Lampung issued a warning of extreme weather potentially affecting the coast of Lampung in the form of strong winds and high waves. Strong winds alert can reach 20 knots and the high wave potential of more than 2.5 meters. Some of Lampung's port areas have the potential to be hit by strong winds, including Mesuji, Teladas, Bakauheni, Merak, and Krui seaports, this condition is very dangerous for shipping, especially for traditional fishermen and small-sized vessels.

Norway Builds Floating Tunnels on the Sea

(08/02/2019) The Norwegian government plans to build an infrastructure project worth USD 40 billion for travel routes without having to take a ferry. The plan includes a number of bridges and tunnels that penetrate the longest and deepest rocks in the world. The transportation route must be drilled through rocks under the sea floor with a depth of 392 meters and a length of 27 kilometers.

Research Concludes Sea Water Intrusion Widespread in the Bali Coast

(27/02/2019) The research results of Bali Water Protection (BWP) in 2018 concluded that some of Bali's coastline, especially in tourist areas. already experiencing sea water intrusion. The results showed that all districts except Denpasar and Bangli were survey locations, the quality of the water did not meet health quality standards because they contained chlorine and hardness. Seawater intrusion occurs because a lot of ground water is sucked up for daily needs and industry, so groundwater is filled with sea water. This caused a clean water crisis in Bali.

BMKG Releases Warning of High Wave Potential in Indonesian Waters, Including Central Makassar Strait

(23/05/2019) The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) is again issuing high-wave early warnings that are likely to occur in several territorial waters of Indonesia within the next four days, Thursday to Sunday (23-26 May 2019). An increase in high waves followed a circulation pattern in West Papua. Wind patterns in the northern region of Indonesia generally blow from South - West at speeds of 3-15 knots, while in the southern region of Indonesia generally the wind blows from the East - South at speeds of 3 - 25 knots.

The highest wind speed was observed in East Waters Kep. Wakatobi, Banda Sea, Waters Kep. Letti - Kep. Tanimbar, Waters Kep. Kei - Kep. Aru and Arafuru Sea, and Indian Ocean west of Lampung to south NTB. This condition resulted in an increase in wave height around the area. From the results of monitoring by BMKG, there is an increase in waves as high as 1.25 to 2.5 meters which is likely to occur in several waters such as North Sabang Waters, southern Bone Bay, Sabang Waters - Banda Aceh, Flores Sea and Banda Sea, West Aceh Waters.

Waters of the Kep. Baubau - Kep. Wakatobi, West Waters of P. Simeulue to Kep. Mentawai, Manui Waters - Kendari, West Indian Ocean of Aceh to Kep. Nias, Tolo Bay, South Waters of Sumba - P. Sawu, South Waters Kep. Banggai to Kep. Sula, South Flores Waters, South Waters of Buru - Seram, Sumba Strait and southern Sape Strait. Northern Waters Kep. Sermata - Kep. Tanimbar, Kupang waters - P. Rotte, eastern Seram Sea, Sawu Sea and Timor Sea south of NTT, North Waters Kep. Kei - Kep. Aru, southern Karimata Strait, South Kaimana - Amamapre Waters, North East Java Waters to Kangean Kep. Eastern Arafuru Sea, South Kalimantan Waters, North Waters Kep. Talaud, Kotabaru waters, North Halmahera waters, Java Sea and northern Sumbawa Sea. Then in the North Pacific Ocean of Halmahera, the central and southern Makassar Strait, the North Waters of P. Biak, the waters of Kep. Sabalana - Kep. Selayar, and finally the northern Pacific Ocean of Papua.

Meanwhile, waves with a higher range of 2.5 to 4 meters are likely to occur in several other Indonesian waters, including the waters of Bengkulu - P. Enggano, Bali Strait - Lombok - Alas - Sape in the south, West Waters of Lampung, South Indian Ocean Java to NTT, West Indian Ocean Kep. Mentawai to Lampung. South P. Java waters to P. Sumbawa, South waters Kep. Sermata - Kep. Tanimbar, southern Sunda Strait, Southern Waters Kep. Kei, and the western and central Arafuru Sea. High-wave potential in some of these areas can pose a risk to shipping safety.

For this reason, BMKG has always appealed to the community, especially fishermen who are engaged in transportation modes such as fishing boats (wind speeds of more than 15 knots and wave height above 1.25 m), barges (wind speeds of more than 16 knots and wave height above 1.5 m) ), ferries (wind speeds of more than 21 knots and wave height above 2.5 m), and large vessels such as cargo ships / cruise ships (wind speeds of more than 27 knots and wave height above 4.0 m) to always be vigilant.

https://palu.tribunnews.com/2019/05/23/bmkg-rilis-peringatan-potensi-gelombang-tinggi-di-perairan-indonesia-termasuk-selat-makassar-tengah?page=2

PUSHIDROSAL Updated Sea Flow Data of 1st Indonesia Islands Karimata Strait Area

(29/04/2019) The Indonesian Navy's Hydrographic and Oceanographic Center (Pushidrosal) deployed KRI Spica-934 to carry out a hydro-oceanographic survey at the Indonesian Archipelago Sea Channel (ALKI) I in the Karimata Strait area. The Navy's Assistive Hydro Oceanographic (BHO) type ship made by the OCEA shipyard, Les Sables-d'Olonne France, for 60 days carrying out a survey to update data in the waters to ensure navigational safety along ALKI I.

Head of the Indonesian Navy's Hydrographic and Oceanographic Center (Kapushidrosal) TNI Rear Admiral Dr. Ir. Harjo Susmoro, S.Sos., SH, MH said that the Indonesian Archipelago Sea Channel (ALKI) is an territorial waters within the Indonesian territory that needs attention, because it is the recommended route by the Indonesian government for shipping crossings on ships to cross the Republic of Indonesia sovereignty. The route is not a free sea and does not reduce the sovereignty rights of the archipelago of the Republic of Indonesia over the sea and air area. The ALKI recommendation was approved by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) on May 19, 1998.

In line with that, the Pushidrosal mobilized one of the elements, namely KRI Spica - 934 to carry out a Hydro-oceanographic survey operation to update the ALKI I data 2 segment of the Karimata Strait which is one of the international sea crossing links between the North Natuna Sea and the Indian Ocean.

KRI Spica-934 which is a Multi Purpose Research Vessel (MPRV) type with the commander of Marine Lt. Col. (P) Hengky Iriawan ST, for 60 days carrying out a Hydro-oceanographic survey operation in the Karimata Strait area, which is expected to end on June 3, 2019.

In carrying out its duties, one of the most sophisticated and most comprehensive Hydro-oceanographic survey vessels in the Southeast Asia region carries out activities which include; sea ​​depth measurements and seabed imaging using MBES EM-2040 (Multibeam Echosounder), shipping hazard investigations, verification of SBNP (Shipping Navigation Assistance Facilities), meteorological elements measurement, tide measurements and seawater currents, measurements of water sedimentation levels, retrieval CTD (Conductivity Temperature Depth) data, sampling of seabed and seawater, collecting maritime geographic data, and carrying out verification of geography (toponymy) names.

Data that has been obtained in the field will later be reprocessed at Pushidrosal and presented in the form of maps, nautical publications or databases that can be used for a variety of national and civilian national interests, and in particular can be used to ensure navigational safety in ALKI waters. I segment 2 in the Karimata Strait area.

PUSHIDROSAL Updated Sea Flow Data of 1st Indonesia Islands Karimata Strait Area

(29/04/2019) The Indonesian Navy's Hydrographic and Oceanographic Center (Pushidrosal) deployed KRI Spica-934 to carry out a hydro-oceanographic survey at the Indonesian Archipelago Sea Channel (ALKI) I in the Karimata Strait area. The Navy's Assistive Hydro Oceanographic (BHO) type ship made by the OCEA shipyard, Les Sables-d'Olonne France, for 60 days carrying out a survey to update data in the waters to ensure navigational safety along ALKI I.

Head of the Indonesian Navy's Hydrographic and Oceanographic Center (Kapushidrosal) TNI Rear Admiral Dr. Ir. Harjo Susmoro, S.Sos., SH, MH said that the Indonesian Archipelago Sea Channel (ALKI) is an territorial waters within the Indonesian territory that needs attention, because it is the recommended route by the Indonesian government for shipping crossings on ships to cross the Republic of Indonesia sovereignty. The route is not a free sea and does not reduce the sovereignty rights of the archipelago of the Republic of Indonesia over the sea and air area. The ALKI recommendation was approved by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) on May 19, 1998.

In line with that, the Pushidrosal mobilized one of the elements, namely KRI Spica - 934 to carry out a Hydro-oceanographic survey operation to update the ALKI I data 2 segment of the Karimata Strait which is one of the international sea crossing links between the North Natuna Sea and the Indian Ocean.

KRI Spica-934 which is a Multi Purpose Research Vessel (MPRV) type with the commander of Marine Lt. Col. (P) Hengky Iriawan ST, for 60 days carrying out a Hydro-oceanographic survey operation in the Karimata Strait area, which is expected to end on June 3, 2019.

In carrying out its duties, one of the most sophisticated and most comprehensive Hydro-oceanographic survey vessels in the Southeast Asia region carries out activities which include; sea ​​depth measurements and seabed imaging using MBES EM-2040 (Multibeam Echosounder), shipping hazard investigations, verification of SBNP (Shipping Navigation Assistance Facilities), meteorological elements measurement, tide measurements and seawater currents, measurements of water sedimentation levels, retrieval CTD (Conductivity Temperature Depth) data, sampling of seabed and seawater, collecting maritime geographic data, and carrying out verification of geography (toponymy) names.

Data that has been obtained in the field will later be reprocessed at Pushidrosal and presented in the form of maps, nautical publications or databases that can be used for a variety of national and civilian national interests, and in particular can be used to ensure navigational safety in ALKI waters. I segment 2 in the Karimata Strait area.

Buoy Merah Putih Successfully Installed BPPT, in the Gunung Anak Krakatau Area

(14/04/2019) The BPPT technical team succeeded in installing the Red and White Buoy in the Gunung Anak Krakatau area. Using the Baruna Jaya IV Research Ship fleet that traveled and installed for 3 days, the Red and White Buoy was finally released into the sea. The Chairman of the BPPT Buoy Merah Putih Team Alfi Rusdiansyah said that Buoy's signal in the form of information on ocean wave data had been sent in real time to the Indonesian Data Buoy Center (PDBI) at BPPT.

To reach the location that is located between Mount Anak Krakatau and Sertung Island, Alfi continued, it took 16 hours from the port of Tanjung Priuk. Alfi further said that the technical team had experienced problems, namely the weather and waves were quite high. Separately, the Head of BPPT Hammam Riza said the success of the installation of the Red and White Buoy was one of the government's efforts to protect the community from the threat of the tsunami disaster.

For this reason, he again appealed to the community, so that the existence of the Buoy could be maintained together, and not to vandalism. Hammam then said that the installed Buoys, hopefully can be a momentum for Indonesia. The hope is that Indonesia can implement an early warning system nationally. In the future, Hammam said, BPPT is targeting 3 phases of the construction of Buoys and Cable Based Tsunameter or Underwater Cable. He added, in an effort to provide reliable tsunami early warning data.

World Researchers Make Tsunami Reconstruction in Palu, What Does It Mean For Indonesia?

(21/05/2019) The world research team made a reconstruction of the Palu tsunami that hit 8 months ago. Uniquely, the reconstruction was made by an unusual method. Is Jennifer Haase, geophysicist from Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California who led this research. Haase stressed, "This is an important example of citizen science." The Citizen science referred to by Haase is research data taken directly from surrounding residents who witnessed it. In this case, Haase took people's social media data. "We began to see various social media platforms such as Youtube, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram," Matias Carvajal, a seismologist who was involved in the study, was quoted as saying in Nature on Thursday (05/16/2019).

The team then found 38 amateur videos and clips from the tsunami monitoring center. They also then determine the location for taking the video on the map and then synchronize it. As a result, the team managed to reconstruct how the tsunami 8 months ago moved through Palu Bay. The reconstruction shows that the tsunami wave happened so fast, only a few minutes after the earthquake shock. Furthermore, the waves significantly come in a row within one to 2 minutes. Carvajal said, this shows that the source (tsunami) was close to the coast. In other words, it is an indication of a sea floor avalanche. These results were later published by the team in the journal Geophysical Research Letters1. Tsunami expert from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Purna Sulastya Putra said that the results offered significant evidence supporting the idea of ​​a seafloor landslide that made the waves in Palu very high. For information, the initial prediction of a tsunami in Palu Bay is only a small wave with a height of 0.5 meters. However, in reality, the waves that hit the Palu reached 2 meters. In addition, eyewitnesses revealed that the wave of monsters arrived in just a few minutes after the earthquake occurred. In fact, according to estimates, this wave occurred several times a minute from the earthquake.

https://sains.kompas.com/read/2019/05/21/193400823/peneliti-dunia-bikin-rekonstruksi-tsunami-palu-apa-artinya-bagi-indonesia-?page=all

The Largest Sea Cleaner in the World Claims to Be Able to Lift 90% of Marine Debris

(19/06/2019) Nowadays plastic waste has always been a serious problem in the world. Nowadays, plastic has become one of the ingredients that is almost inseparable from human life. As the world's population grows, plastic is increasingly being produced with various variants. This then makes plastic waste in the world boom.

Millions of tons of waste end up in the sea every year, including plastic waste. Though plastic is a material that is difficult to decompose and will become a pollutant for the waters and disrupt the order of the marine ecosystem. This results in hundreds of thousands of marine animals and birds dying every year due to entanglement and eating plastic waste in the sea.

Various efforts have been made to solve this problem. Now there are many countries, governments, or many people who are campaigning to care for the environment. This also encourages scientists and even innovators to compete in making innovations to reduce waste. As one of the innovations of a non-profit organization, which claims to be able to solve the problem of marine waste.

The Ocean Cleanup is a Dutch non-profit organization that develops advanced technology to clean up garbage in the sea. This organization was founded in 2013 by Boyan Slat, a Dutch inventor. The sea-cleaning technology project that has been created by this organization is named The Ocean Cleanup System, such as the Liputan6.com report from The Ocean Cleanup, Wednesday (06/19/2019).

According to The Ocean Cleanup there are currently more than five trillion plastics in the ocean. This amount has not been added to that in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP). GPGP is one of the rotation zones of garbage particles in the sea. This place is also often referred to as a plastic island. In the world there are five zones of marine waste accumulation and GPGP as the largest.

This happens because of the rotation of garbage trapped in the current and cannot get out. These wastes then accumulate and become more difficult to remove. Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of plastic rubbish floating in the ocean between Hawaii and California.

Exclusive Economic Zone, Tension in the Indonesia-Vietnam Sea

(25/06/2019) President Joko Widodo and Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc agreed to complete negotiations on the boundaries of the two countries' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The bilateral talks were held on the sidelines of the 34th Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit which took place in Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday (22/6). Jokowi told the Prime Minister of Vietnam that both Indonesia and Vietnam often experience sea border problems that occur in each country's EEZ. Therefore, Jokowi wants the EEZ boundary negotiations to be immediately resolved by the two countries. "I hope Your Majesty (Vietnam PM) can instruct Vietnam's technical team to be able to complete the EEZ limit negotiations," Jokowi said on Saturday (22/6) reported by Antara.

The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries sank 13 of 51 foreign fishing boats from Vietnam who were arrested for stealing fish in Indonesian waters. Similar negotiations with other neighbours such as the Philippines have been completed by the two countries. Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said there would be an exchange of ratification documents during the visit of the Philippine foreign minister to Indonesia in August. "So the issue of the EEZ maritime boundary with the Philippines has been completed," Retno said on Sunday (6/23). The EEZ problem often engulfs Indonesia with neighbours such as Vietnam and the Philippines. The concept was first officially introduced to the 1982. Ocean Convention.

The country has used the 200-mile limit as the basis for determining its sovereignty, as reported by FAO, the countries that previously used the boundary were Chile and Peru in 1947. In Law No. 5 of 1983 concerning the Exclusive Economic Zone, the definition of EEZ is a pathway in outside and bordering the sea of ​​the Indonesian territory with a limit of 200 nautical miles and measured from the sea base line of the territory of Indonesia, this zone covers the seabed, underwater land, and water at sea level. In the 200 mile boundary line, Indonesia has the right, jurisdiction, up to obligations. The rights referred to in Article 4 are exploration and exploitation, management of living natural resources and non-biological, to other activities related to the exploration and exploitation of the area. "Such as generator (electricity) of hydropower, current, and wind," reads Paragraph 1 Letter A Article 5.

Then matters relating to jurisdiction relating to the construction of artificial islands, installations and other buildings. Then scientific research and the protection and preservation of the marine environment are included in Indonesia's jurisdiction within the EEZ. Other rights and obligations refer to the applicable Law of the Sea Law. "In the EEZ, freedom of shipping and civil aviation as well as the installation of submarine cables and pipes are recognized in accordance with international law," explained Paragraph 3 Article 1.

Violations of sea violations committed by fishing vessels from Vietnam have become a subscription for Indonesian law enforcement. Recorded from October 2014 to May 2019 there were 294 or nearly 57 percent of ships destroyed by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries originating from Vietnam. Finally, the Indonesian warship, the KRI Tjiptadi, was hit by the head of the Vietnam fisheries supervisor in Natuna waters in April. Actually in the Act, the government allows foreign parties to operate in the Indonesian EEZ region. However, this must be based on permits and requirements provided by the Indonesian government. In Article 5 Paragraph 3, fish catches are permitted if the potential number of catches exceeds the ability of the Indonesian party to use them.

Whereas the Fisheries Law Number 45 of 2009 has stipulated that every foreign-flagged fishing vessel operating in the Indonesian ZEE must have a Fishing License (SIPI) granted by the government. In addition, the government has also set a standard for the number of ship crews (ABK) for foreign fishing vessels operating in the EEZ. "Must use Indonesian citizenship crew at least 70 percent," explained Article 35A of Law 45/2009.

In Law 5 of 1983, violations committed against the Republic of Indonesia ZEE will be punished with a maximum fine of Rp 225 million. Whereas in the Fisheries Law, foreign fishing vessels that do not carry permits in the EEZ will be punished even more, namely six years in prison and a fine of Rp 20 billion. ZEE Dispute The dispute between Indonesia and Vietnam is not the only EEZ border conflict between the two countries. Norway and Russia had a chance to fight EEZ in the Barents Sea region before the two agreed on sea boundaries in 2020. The EEZ conflict between Indonesia and its neighbors is also a bigger sea conflict, namely the seizure of the South China Sea. The South China Sea border conflict begins when 2013 China builds on the Spratly and Paracel Islands which China claims are part of the Nine Dash Line or a map of their demarcation lines. Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, and Taiwan then protested because they collided with their EEZ.

The conflict area stretches from Tonkin Bay in Vietnam, the Spratly Islands, Philippine waters, to Natuna in the Riau Islands. Jokowi even in 2016 held a meeting in Natuna waters, precisely on KRI Imam Bonjol. "The president wants to show Natuna a part of the NKRI," said Cabinet Secretary Pramono Anung at the time. Another thing is that marine violations carried out by fishing vessels from Vietnam have become a subscription to the Indonesian authorities' actions. Recorded from October 2014 to May 2019 there were 294 or almost 57 percent of the ships destroyed by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries came from Vietnam. Finally, the Indonesian warship namely KRI Tjiptadi was hit by the head of the Vietnam fisheries watchdog in Natuna waters in April.

Indonesia - UN Environment Strengthen the Real Work Initiative to Overcome Marine Pollution

(19/06/2019) Indonesia together with the UN Environment again strengthened the real work initiative to overcome marine pollution in the Asia Pacific. Through Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA), a number of environmental experts including government, practitioners / business world to universities from 9 countries gather in Bali on 17-18 June 2019. The meeting was to discuss marine waste issues and develop sustainable solutions together which will be presented at the 24th Intergovernmental Meeting of the COBSEA on June 19-20 2019.

The Director General of Pollution and Environmental Damage Control (PPKL) of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), M R Karliansyah said, globally, the world is faced with new challenges in marine environmental problems, such as plastic and micro plastic pollution. Marine waste is a global problem that affects all oceans in the world. Marine waste creates environmental, economic, health, aesthetic and cultural problems. Not only that, marine waste also creates socio-economic costs and threatens human health and safety and its impact on marine organisms.

According to Karliansyah, marine waste is a complex and multi-dimensional problem. Although there have been efforts made internationally, regionally and nationally, it is still indicated that the problem of marine waste continues to deteriorate. Almost all countries experience the same problem and not only experienced by Indonesia. Karliansyah said, considering the significant impact, there was no single solution to the problem of marine waste. Preventive measures that may be taken are better management of waste on land and at sea as well as educational activities and awareness raising campaigns to bring about changes in attitudes and behavior of the community. Handle marine waste, said Karliansyah, not only by preventing waste generation from the source. But it also needs to deal with marine waste in the marine and coastal environment.

Priority measures in dealing with marine waste in the areas identified in the COBSEA Regional Action Plan on Marine Waste (RAPMALI) were adopted in 2008. The meeting of environmental experts was aimed at revising the changes needed according to the latest developments. Included in RAPMALI, the need to develop technical training and capacity building for the government and other stakeholders. Awareness raising includes the implementation of communication and management information and knowledge campaigns by all member countries.

At present Indonesia has established a Regional Capacity Center for Clean Seas as a place to exchange knowledge and experience, good practices, and lessons learned about the protection of the marine environment. The establishment of the Regional Center is intended as a link in strengthening capacity building in the field of protection of the marine environment from land-based activities through collaboration with various national, regional and global institutions.

The Indonesian government has also taken several important policies. In 2017, through Presidential Regulation Number 97, Indonesia has set a target to reduce waste by up to 30 percent and handle waste properly by 70 percent of the total waste generation by 2025. Indonesia also targets to reduce 70 percent of marine waste in 2025 through Presidential Regulation Number 83 of 2018 concerning Handling Plastic Waste at Sea.

According to COBSEA Coordinator from UN Environment, Mr. Jerker Tamelander, the Indonesian policy is an ambitious thing, but optimism can be achieved.

The meeting held today is a technical meeting to discuss the substance of marine waste issues and provide recommendations at the Intergovernmental Meeting on Wednesday (6/19). The technical meeting of environmental experts is scheduled to take place for 2 days in Bali. Furthermore, government representatives from Cambodia, the People's Republic of China, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam will gather to discuss the draft revised COBSEA Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter (RAPMALI) to discuss Regional Node of the Global Partnership on Marine development Litter (GPML). In addition, a draft of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda will also be discussed relating to the coast and the sea.

G-20 Minister of Environment Meeting Agrees to Handle Plastic Waste at Sea

(16/06/2019) The handling of marine plastic waste will be more coordinated and effective by discussing the issue at the G-20 meeting of ministers of environment held in Karuizawa City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan, 15 to 16 June 2019.

The Minister of Environment and Forestry (LHK), Siti Nurbaya, at the G20 Ministerial Meeting on Energy Transition and Global Environment for Sustainable Growth emphasized that waste management is related to the mandate of the 1945 Constitution which states that every Indonesian citizen has the right to the environment healthy ones. The role of the community, local government and NGOs among them has been able to produce 7,000 units of waste banks and reach more than 1 million households in handling national waste.

On this occasion Minister Siti as Chair of the Indonesian Delegation for the Environment Sector, revealed a number of Indonesian-style waste management initiatives such as payment of public transportation services using plastic bottles in Surabaya, increased responsibility for producers and other stakeholders (Extended Producer Responsibility / EPR), as initiated by the Packaging and Recycling Alliance for Indonesia Sustainability (PRAISE) in promoting the responsibilities of all stakeholders, and the campaign Reduce, Reuse, Recycle (3R) with the community. Responding to a question regarding illegal imports of plastic waste, Minister Siti stated that Indonesia had taken firm action on environmental violations related to waste such as the case of sending waste waste to Indonesia. Recent cases in Surabaya and Batam show that Indonesia has acted decisively on the issue of illegal trafficking.

Answering one of the questions related to handling marine waste in Bali, Minister Siti stated that there had been a community initiative to process waste in the area and there had been an active role of large private companies to support the free movement of marine waste.

Initiatives in 19 other districts / cities in Indonesia in an effort to overcome disposable plastics also continue to grow and are expected to continue to expand, given that Indonesia is a large country and the span of control is far and not easy.

Regarding cooperation in handling waste between Indonesia and Japan, Minister Siti explained that technical cooperation had been established with the Japanese government in developing the database and technology for the management of solid waste, especially household waste. What needs to be developed later is a system of monitoring and transfer of integrated waste management technology.

Journalists who participated in the press conference were no less than 20 media, including from NHK (Nippon Hoso Kyokai), Shinano Mainichi Newspaper (Local newspaper in Nagano), Mainichi newspaper and local online media in Karuizawa City. Also present were national journalists from Koran Tempo at the invitation of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in coverage during the G-20 Meeting.

World Ocean Day, Trash Still Fulfills the North Coast of Lamongan

(09/06/2019) Coinciding with World Ocean Day (World Ocean Day) on Friday (08/06/2019) yesterday, the global ocean and Indonesia are still experiencing various pressures, one of which is pollution from garbage. A lot of garbage is thrown away carelessly, like what happened on the north coast (pantura) of Lamongan, East Java.

There are various kinds of garbage dumped on the edge of the sea, from the types of plastic, styrofoam, diaper, etc. packaging products. These wastes include types of waste that are not easily decomposed. It can be hundreds of years in the ocean.

The rise of garbage disposal on the seafront can disrupt marine life. The garbage enters the food chain by being eaten by animals in the sea. For example, sperm whales that were stranded on Wakatobi and found in their stomach contained a lot of plastic waste. And the news in the world that reports that many marine animals are stranded to death because of their plastic waste. This certainly concerns many parties, including environmental activists.

In 2015, a study revealed that 44,000 animals were entangled and ate plastic waste in the sea from 1960. The problem of plastic waste in the sea has become a global problem. Every year, the world's oceans must bear the burden of plastic waste up to 12.7 million tons. Indonesia is ranked number two in the list of 20 countries that throw the most plastic waste into the sea.

Although there are no valid data globally, some research results reveal 80% of marine litter from land that empties into the ocean, and 80% of marine waste is plastic. About 8.8 million tons of plastic waste is wasted and dumped into the ocean every year. Not only disturbs marine life, plastic waste can also disrupt human activities. One of them was as felt by Suyatno when fishing for the sea at Sedayulawas Village, Lamongan. He was disturbed by the garbage being dumped on the edge of the sea. "This garbage has been around for a long time, a lot added. If the fishing rod is pulled a little difficult, because I often hit the plastic, "upset the man from Tuban. Often when he throws the hook many times, all he gets is plastic waste, like a plastic bag and baby diaper. "Even though there is already a ban on disposing of garbage," Suyatno added. According to him the presence of garbage also affects the taste of the fish he gets. "If you can fish near garbage like this, the fish will taste good," he explained.

Lamongan Regency has a coastline length of 47 km. Along the coastline, it is often the location for garbage disposal by residents from Paciran and Brondong villages. The coastal coast that was once pleasant to see, has now become a sea of rubbish. Reporting from the Executive Summary document Information on the Performance of Local Environmental Managers in Lamongan Regency, in 2016, the amount of waste generation per day is 2,147.63 m3 / day. From the data explained, the most waste generation originated from Paciran District, amounting to 153.63 m3 / day. Based on the source of waste, the highest generation of waste from household activities is 1,195.36 m3 / day or 55.80% of the total waste generation.

Besides household waste. Garbage loading and unloading activities at the Brondong Fish Auction Site (TPI) that use plastic are also not well managed. As a result, the shoreline of the TPI location was filled with scattered garbage.

The absence of an Integrated Waste Management Site (TPST) in the village made the community dispose of garbage on the beach. In fact, the location is used by fishermen to go fishing to find fish and crabs. The garbage is piled up and scattered on the sea along the highway that connects Gresik-Tuban Regency. In addition to the bad smell, the garbage also disturbs the comfort of the driver. Suyatno and other residents hoped that the government would intervene to overcome the garbage problem. So that the shoreline and the sea are kept clean.

The Importance of Separation of the Sunda & Lombok Strait Sea Lines for Indonesian Waters

(10/06/2019) Indonesia is struggling to oversee the flow of the Sea Separation Scheme (TSS) in the Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait regions to be adopted at the 101st International Maritime Organization Committee (IMO MSC) Session on June 5-14, 2019 in London, England. Previously, Indonesia became the first archipelago to have TSS based on the results of the 6th Plenary IMO Sub-Committee of Navigation Organization and Search and Rescue (NCSR) in January 2019.

Navigation Director of the Directorate General of Sea Transportation of the Ministry of Transportation, Basar Antonius, said that the chart of the separation of sea lanes in the Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait is indeed very important and necessary. According to Bansar, 53,068 ships passed through the Sunda Strait and 36,773 ships passed the Lombok Strait per year. The Sunda Strait enters ALKI I and the Lombok Strait into ALKI II.

The Sunda Strait, which is located in ALKI I, is one of the high density sea traffic lanes from Java Island to Sumatra Island with most of them being boarded by passenger ships. In addition, in the Sunda Strait region there are several marine conservation areas and marine park tours, such as Sangiang Island which is designated as a Marine Nature Tourism Park. The Lombok Strait, which is located in ALKI II, is an international sea traffic lane that has a high density due to the presence of tourism around it.

Bansar explained, the separation of the flow of the opposite traffic on the two straits and the determination of the precautionary areas on the intersection route ensured when ships could get adequate information about the traffic around them. As a result, the risk of ship and ship crashes can be reduced. The existence of TSS in the Sunda Strait and Lombok Strait shows the commitment of the Indonesian government to ensure that the waters in Indonesia are safe.

Bansar said that the preparation and stages of the adoption of the Sunda Strait and the Strait of the Strait TSS took approximately two years. Furthermore, after the TSS was adopted, Indonesia must prepare itself to enforce it internationally starting June 2020.

LIPI Researchers Share Collaborative Experiences with International Research Institutions Korea and Japan

(13/05/2019) The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) encourages the development of human resources and research support staff to respond to global challenges throughpartnership program Japan Society for The Promotion of Sciencefor (JSPS)Japan HOPE Meeting and National Research Foundation (NRF), Korea. "This program is a talent pool through a delivery mechanism for human resources abroad to be ready to compete globally," said Acting Director, Bureau of Cooperation, Law, and Public Relations, Mila Kencana Jakarta on Monday (13/5).

Mila explained, to advancing science and technology requires talented young researchers who have a broad perspective that is cross-disciplinary, creative individuals who come from different cultures. "activities HOPE Meeting , for example, play a major role in facilitating young scientists who have earned doctorates to engage in interdisciplinary discussions with the Nobel Prize and other leading scientists, "said Mila. HOPE Meeting itself has been organized by JSPS since 2008. Since it was first held, LIPI has sent dozens of researchers to participate in the prestigious event for the young scientist.

LIPI also has established cooperation with the National Research Foundation(NRF) in Korea to provide opportunities for researchers and support staff to carry out exchange programs in the field of science and technology. The exchange was carried out in order to promote and develop science and technology cooperation. In addition to sending researchers and staff to Korea, LIPI also accepted Korean experts to share their experiences and abilities with LIPI members. Since this partnership was confirmed in 2016, LIPI has sent nine civitas to universities and research institutions in Korea.

Nanang Masruchin, a cellulose-based advanced material researcher from the LIPI Biomaterial Research Center, explained that the moment of direct interaction and discussion with the recipient of the Nobel Prize is a rare opportunity and the best moment. "Meet and talk directly with Nobel Prize recipients like Prof. Brian Schmidt is a motivation for me to continue doing research that can get international recognition for Indonesia, "Nanang explained. He hopes that someday there will be a Nobel Prize player who comes from Indonesia or is affiliated with a research institution in Indonesia.

Nanang continued, participation in theevent HOPE Meeting also allowed the opening of collaboration with international researchers, especially for the Asia Pacific region. "This collaboration is not only to support personal research projects, but also opens opportunities for cooperation to the level of the institution.

BMKG Issues Warning of Potential High Waves in Lampung Sea Waters

(09/05/2019) Lampung BMKG Maritime issued an early warning of the potential for high waves in several areas of the waters of the Lampung Province. This warning is valid from 9-12 March 2019. Head of the BMKG Maritime Lampung, Sugiyono, said that based on maritime data and information it issued an early warning of the potential for high waves in Lampung waters. "Early warning of the potential for high waves in the waters of the sea of ​​Lampung, with a height of 2.5-4.0 applies 9-12 May 2019 starting at 07.00 WIB," said Sugiyono, Thursday (05/09/2019).

He explained, based on data and information from his side, there were several areas of Lampung's sea waters which had the potential for high waves, including in the West Waters of Lampung, the West Indian Ocean of Lampung, and the South Sunda Strait. "There is a wind in the West Lampung that can cause potential rainfall in the Western Waters of Lampung and the West Indian Ocean of Lampung. Wind in Wila well Lampung waters generally blow from the Southwest with speeds between 5-20 knots," he explained.

He added, even though his party issued an early warning of the potential for high waves in some areas of the Lampung sea waters, it did not affect the Bakauheni - Merak crossing activities, however the fishermen he urged must remain vigilant. "Special shipping for Bakauheni - Merak is still relatively safe and conducive. It is suggested that the community and fishermen living on the coast be vigilant, this condition is dangerous for traditional fishing boats," he said.

http://www.lampost.co/berita-bmkg-mengeluarkan-peringatan-potensi-gelombang-tinggi-di-perairan-laut-lampung.html

Anticipation of Disaster at Sea, the Ministry of Transportation Publish Shipping Notices

(09/05/2019) In an effort to improve surveillance of shipping safety and security, the government continues to coordinate with the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) through the dissemination of weather forecast information to the maritime community to be alert to bad weather. One of the efforts made was to issue Shipping Notices issued regularly by the Ministry of Transportation cq. Directorate General of Sea Transportation. The Shipping Notice contains an appeal to the ranks of the Directorate General of Hubla and the skipper to be wary of extreme weather and high waves in Indonesian waters. "This week we have issued Shipping Notification Number 04 / PHBL-2019 dated May 6, 2019," Director of the Ocean and Coast Guard Units (KPLP) Ahmad said in a written statement on Thursday (05/09/2019).

In the Shipping Notice, it was stated that based on the monitoring results of BMKG it was estimated that on May 5-11 2019, extreme weather with a wave height of 4-6 meters would occur in the waters of the Eastern Banda Sea, the waters of Sermata-Letti, and the southern waters of Kep. Babar-Tanimbar. Whereas the wave height of 2.5-4 meters will occur in the waters of Aceh-Sabang to West Lampung, the West Indian Ocean of Sumatra, the South Sunda Strait, South Java Waters, the South Indian Ocean of Java, the South of Bali and NTB, the South Bali Strait, Alas Strait, Badung Strait, Lombok Strait, Sumba Strait, South Indian Ocean Bali and NTB, Southern Waters Ambon, Waters Kep. Rote-Sabu, Sawu Sea, Timor Sea, and Arafur Sea.

With the issuance of the Palayaran Notice, it is expected that all ranks of the Directorate General of Transportation, especially the portfolios and officers in the field, can further improve the supervision of shipping safety vessels operating in their respective working areas. "Even so, with the skipper being encouraged to be more vigilant and continue to monitor the weather conditions during the sail," said Ahamd.

Furthermore, his party instructed the portfolios to postpone the departure of the ship in the event of adverse weather conditions before the ship departed. "If the weather conditions endanger the safety of the ship, then the Shahbandar must postpone the issuance of the Sailing Approval Letter (SPB) until the weather conditions along the waters to be navigated are truly safe," Ahmad said. According to Ahmad, this needs to be done because the enforcement of safety rules is something that cannot be negotiable, including anticipating the occurrence of shipping disasters due to bad weather.

https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4543369/antisipasi-musibah-di-laut-kemenhub-terbitkan-maklumat-pelayaran

Improving the Quality of Marine Fish for Consumption of Broad Communities

(08/05/2019) Consumption sea fish apparently can not be arbitrary, especially the catch from the Indonesian sea. Better to choose a quality, get a good quality of fish, definitely nutritionally higher protein. Sea fish is very well consumed by all people, because it contains high protein and omega-3 sources. These nutrients are needed to support the health of the human body. Moreover, we often hear calls for eating fish every day from the government. Until the Indonesian Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Susi Pudjiastuti will "sink" people who are lazy to eat fish.

Apart from that, if the community wants to get quality fish, from the fishermen to the distributor they must sort the catch correctly. Therefore, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Indonesia cooperates with fish capture, processing and exporter companies in the Fisheries Improvement Project (FIP). The fishermen, especially those who catch snapper and sea grouper, are also given special training. The welfare of his life is also considered, because fishing is the source of his life.

TNC Indonesia Country Director Rizal Algamar said that the move could avoid purchasing fish raw materials, which are not yet mature to achieve fisheries sustainability standards in Indonesia. The involvement of the private sector, according to him, is very important as a fishery business actor. This factor is important in achieving the goals of sustainable fisheries management in Indonesia.

This program has resulted in a thorough review, on the status of snapper and sea grouper fisheries, which have a high selling value. The business, said Rizal, covers 10,000 fishing vessels of various sizes and types of fishing gear. The result can catch up to 88,000 tons of fish. The results are then exported in the form of pieces (fillets) or whole (whole fish) to the United States, Europe, and various countries in Asia. This activity can increase transparency in the fishery supply chain, and position Indonesia as a traceable and sustainable source of fish. This is expected to open up a premium market for quality seafood.

https://lifestyle.okezone.com/read/2019/05/08/298/2053102/perbaikan-kualitas-ikan-laut-untuk-dikonsumsi-masyarakat-luas

2019 Asia-Pacific Smart Disaster Management Summit, Smarter and Efficient Disaster Management Management

(09/05/2019) Taiwan-Asia Exchange Foundation (TAEF), The Office of Disaster Management (ODM)and Frankfurt Messe holdConference 2019 Asia-Pacific Smart Disaster Management Summit that brings together international experts and stakeholders di both in government and the public to discuss and discuss disaster management measures carried out by various government institutions and private institutions throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The conference aims to enhance international cooperation that supports smarter and more efficient disaster prevention management.

The conference located in Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center-Taiwan on May 8-10 2019 was officially opened by the President of Taiwan Office of Disaster Management (ODM), Executive Yuan and was attended by the Deputy of Geophysics BMKG, Dr. Ir. Muhamad Sadly, M.Eng as a speaker and panelist.

The morning session of the conference presented the panelist of the President of Office of Disaster Management (ODM) Taiwan; Deputy of Geophysics of BMKG Indonesia; Director of theOffice of Civil Defense (OCD) Philippines, Tecson John S. Lim; Capacity Building Specialist for the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) Myanmar, Myat Thar; and Dr. Nguyen Thanh Long from the Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources (VIGMR) Vietnam. The dialogue raised the current issues and challenges of disaster prevention in the future, inter-state cooperation in the prevention of large-scale disasters, and the Public-Private Partnership in disaster prevention and rescue.

Whereas in the afternoon session of the conference, in his presentation Dr. Ir. Muhamad Sadly, M.Eng conveyed about disaster risk management policies and strategies in Indonesia, as well as their implementation, development and achievements. He also conveyed the desire to conduct international cooperation, especially for training and scholarship activities related to Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction.

Besides attending the conference, Dr. Ir. Muhamad Sadly, M.Eng also visited National Taiwan University (NTU) and the Institute of Earth Sciences in order to find opportunities for training and scholarships to develop BMKG HR through education in Taiwan.

Bappenas Holds ADB to Overcome Marine Debris

(03/05/2019) The Indonesian government through the Ministry of National Development Planning (PPN) / Bappenas signed a Letter of Intent (LoI) with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Fiji, Thursday (2/5). This partnership is an effort to strengthen preventive measures in overcoming marine debris. PPN Minister / Head of Bappenas Bambang Brodjonegoro said, the LoI was aimed at exploring all possible development cooperation between the two parties. Cooperation is carried out by looking at the best practices that other member countries have done to reduce marine Debris.

According to Bambang, cooperation is not limited in the form of planning and policy and regulatory reforms, also in preparation for investment in a circular economic ecosystem. "In addition, in the form of increasing knowledge, financing and partnerships with the Indonesian Government," he said in a release received by Republika on Thursday (2/5) night.

Marine waste has now become an environmental problem that we need to pay special attention to at both national and global levels. It is recorded that around 45-70 percent of all marine waste is in the form of plastic. The impact is not only threatening the lives of Indonesian marine life, but also the lives of our people. Previously, Indonesia had entered into a South-South and Triangular Cooperation / SSTC agreement. In this case, the Indonesian government seeks to work hand in hand with other Asia-Pacific countries to overcome and face the negative impacts caused by the marine waste.

Bambang said, the special attention given by the Indonesian government to control marine waste is in the form of a commitment to reduce the amount of marine plastic waste. This commitment is stated in the preliminary draft of the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020-2024. In an effort to share knowledge, the expected technical assistance from this collaboration includes three things. First, development cooperation to create an environment that makes it possible to reduce pollution of plastic waste at sea. "Especially through the development of action plans at national, provincial and district / city levels as well as reviewing and drafting policies and regulations that support the transition to a circular economy," Bambang said.

Second, the promotion of the involvement of non-government actors, including the private sector, to reduce pollution of plastic waste at sea. Starting from the initial feasibility assessment, concept design, or input project preparation. In the future, it is hoped that there will be one community-based pilot project on a small scale to lead to a circular economy.

Third, improvement in development partnerships, financing, and knowledge as a solution to pollution of plastic waste in the sea. These include through high-level policy dialogue, sharing innovation, technology and success, collaborating with subregional programs especially with ASEAN countries.

Bambang explained, the Ministry of PPN / Bappenas and ADB agreed on one thing. Namely, there is a need for both parties to strengthen cooperation at the regional and international levels with various countries and international actors under the SSTC framework. This has a variety of objectives, including producing and disseminating the results of research and knowledge. "Holistic and collaborative actions are needed to achieve the goal of reducing pollution of plastic waste at sea which is a global threat," Bambang said.

After the signing of the LoI, Bambang said, ADB would provide regional technical assistance to the Indonesian government. Together with SSTC, this assistance will be a very strong basis for overcoming the problem of marine plastic waste in Indonesia.

Hotel and Community Activists in Cirebon Beach Cleaning

(01/05/2019) Hotel and Community Activists in Cirebon Beach CleaningThe Indonesia General Manager Association (IHGMA) and the Indonesian Hotels and Restaurants Association (PHRI) of Cirebon City held a beach clean-up at the Cirebon City Port on Wednesday (1/5/2019). In the beach cleaning activity attended by the Deputy Mayor of Cirebon, there were also dozens of hotels and communities in the city of Cirebon. Imam Reza Hakiki, as the Chairperson of the Cirebon City PHRI said the Cirebon beach cleaning in the context of the mission to reduce the use of disposable plastic packaging. "This activity was initiated by PHRI and IHGMA, which previously we did the same thing last year," he told About Cirebon on the sidelines of the activity.

From the previous year, continued Kiki, he was familiarly called, explaining that this year was more crowded than last year, it could even be twice as much as participating.

"And Alhamdulillah, the Cirebon City Government supports the cleaning of plastic waste," he explained. Kiki hopes that the beach cleaning activities can be sustainable and in the following years more participants will participate. "God willing, this clean-up will be held regularly," Kiki said.

In the same place, Chairman of IHGMA Cirebon City, Endro Basuki explained that Indonesia is the second largest waste contributor in the world after China. "This is a bad achievement, so we have to reduce it. Because, according to a survey of several foundations in 2050 if we do not repair marine waste significantly, the amount of fish in the sea will weigh the same as garbage, "Endro said. So, said Endro, the program is part of our concern with Cirebon City in reducing waste in the sea. "We (IHGMA and PHRI) unite the vision, what we can do to love Cirebon from the smallest side," he explained.

According to Endro, the beach clean-up activity today is extraordinary, because almost 20 hotels in Cirebon and around 15 communities are members of the program. "We will do this program regularly every six months," he explained. Regarding the location of beach cleaning, Endro said, that getting input from the Deputy Mayor of Cirebon will be moved from place to place

Deputy Mayor of Cirebon, Eti Herawati joined in directly cleaning plastic waste at Cirebon Harbor Beach "We have done it twice here (Cirebon Port), in the future we will first see the location which will be cleaned," he explained. "Earlier, the input from the Deputy Chief of Staff could be in the Vocational School or it could also be Panjunan, and Kesenden," Endro added. He said he hoped that with the cleaning of garbage, people could care that we should pay attention to cleanliness, especially plastic waste. "Even hotels have started to reduce the use of plastic, for example, those who used plastic straws now have a number of hotels that have used straw or paper straws," he said.

From now on, added Endro, PHRI and IHGMA have gone through education and sharing with the hotel to start with the most things they can do first for plastic use. "So we have started education about small things like that to hotel friends in Cirebon," he said.

LIPI Researchers Share Collaborative Experiences with International Research Institutions Korea and Japan

(13/05/2019) The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) encourages the development of human resources and research support staff to respond to global challenges throughpartnership program Japan Society for The Promotion of Sciencefor (JSPS)Japan HOPE Meeting and National Research Foundation (NRF), Korea. "This program is a talent pool through a delivery mechanism for human resources abroad to be ready to compete globally," said Acting Director, Bureau of Cooperation, Law, and Public Relations, Mila Kencana Jakarta on Monday (13/5).

Mila explained, to advancing science and technology requires talented young researchers who have a broad perspective that is cross-disciplinary, creative individuals who come from different cultures. "activities HOPE Meeting , for example, play a major role in facilitating young scientists who have earned doctorates to engage in interdisciplinary discussions with the Nobel Prize and other leading scientists, "said Mila. HOPE Meeting itself has been organized by JSPS since 2008. Since it was first held, LIPI has sent dozens of researchers to participate in the prestigious event for the young scientist.

LIPI also has established cooperation with the National Research Foundation(NRF) in Korea to provide opportunities for researchers and support staff to carry out exchange programs in the field of science and technology. The exchange was carried out in order to promote and develop science and technology cooperation. In addition to sending researchers and staff to Korea, LIPI also accepted Korean experts to share their experiences and abilities with LIPI members. Since this partnership was confirmed in 2016, LIPI has sent nine civitas to universities and research institutions in Korea.

Nanang Masruchin, a cellulose-based advanced material researcher from the LIPI Biomaterial Research Center, explained that the moment of direct interaction and discussion with the recipient of the Nobel Prize is a rare opportunity and the best moment. "Meet and talk directly with Nobel Prize recipients like Prof. Brian Schmidt is a motivation for me to continue doing research that can get international recognition for Indonesia, "Nanang explained. He hopes that someday there will be a Nobel Prize player who comes from Indonesia or is affiliated with a research institution in Indonesia.

Nanang continued, participation in theevent HOPE Meeting also allowed the opening of collaboration with international researchers, especially for the Asia Pacific region. "This collaboration is not only to support personal research projects, but also opens opportunities for cooperation to the level of the institution.

Attending the G7 Environmental Ministerial Meeting, Indonesia Emphasizes the Importance of Coral Reef Protection

(08/05/2019) Indonesia is one of eight outreach countries present at the G7 (Group of Seven) Environmental Ministerial Meeting held in Metz, France on 5-6 May 2019. Indonesia's participation in meetings this is because it is considered to have an important role in environmental management. This is in line with the theme of leadership promoted by France, namely "fighting inequalities by protecting biodiversity and climate".

Every year, environment ministers from each member meet to discuss issues relating to international environmental policy by inviting outreach countries. The Group of Seven or G7 is a group of seven major countries with rapid economic growth. G7 member countries consist of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Britain and the United States. The European Union is also represented on the G7.

On this occasion, Indonesia as one of the co-chairs of the International Coral Reefs Initiative (ICRI) representing Monaco and Australia, together with the ICRI Secretariat, presented an explanation of the importance of coral reefs and ICRI's strategic role in protecting and conserving world coral reefs.

According to Suseno, the initiative to promote ICRI cooperation received support from G7 member countries (Canada, Germany, France, Japan and the United States) and outreach countries (Norway, India, Egypt, Britain, Fiji and Mexico).

G7 appreciated Indonesia's leadership on the ICRI as tangible evidence of Indonesia's partisanship in combating world inequality through concrete efforts to protect against the destruction of biodiversity and climate change.

Meanwhile Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Susi Pudjiastuti, also appreciated the steps of G7 member countries to join ICRI membership. According to him, it can expand cooperation and become a new force for efforts to preserve and protect coral reefs globally. "I really appreciate this step, I hope other developed countries can also join forces to jointly protect coral reefs from damage caused by destructive fishing and climate change," said Minister Susi.

The ministerial-level meeting held for two days agreed on several matters. Among other things, it supports efforts to set new targets for coral reef management within the framework of post-2020 global biodiversity protection, and encourages identification of financing innovations for coral reef conservation.

Nearly 200 thousand new viruses hide in the sea, this means to us

The depths of the ocean still keep a variety of lives that have not been revealed. The proof, the research team managed to find hundreds of thousands of new viruses during inter-polar expeditions. When they did an expedition to study marine life, they found around 195,728 viruses that had almost never been known before. Whereas before, researchers only recognized about 15,000 ocean viruses. So this finding is a great opportunity to understand our planet, such as evolution and also the potential consequences of climate change.

During 2009 to 2013, researchers collected water samples from a depth of 4000 meters or more. Researchers also identified new strains from analyzing microbes and other living things in the ocean. In carrying out this expedition, researchers boarded the Tara Ship, a ship that was indeed in charge of studying the ocean and had served for more than a decade. Viruses are small things that cannot be seen, but because the numbers are very large, their existence is very meaningful. From the study, researchers then divided the virus found in 5 ecological zones, namely from all the depths in the Arctic and Antarctica, and 3 depths from the Tropical and temperate regions. Researchers also revealed, if the Arctic region is the most diverse.

Furthermore, this finding is also important for science because it helps researchers to accurately calculate the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. For the record, marine organisms help recycle oxygen, while the oceans absorb CO2. So the more life under the sea means more CO 2 is converted into organic carbon and biomass. This research has been published in the journal Cell.

Due to Climate Change, Scientists Find Hundreds of Thousands of New Viruses in the Sea

(02/05/2019) Holding a polar expedition, scientists recently discovered hundreds of thousands of new viruses in the sea. Reportedly, this happened due to climate change that swept across the Earth. The total number of new viruses found by scientists amounted to 195,728 who hid in the free ocean. Previously, scientists had discovered 15,000 viruses in the ocean. The discovery this time is certainly the latest and surprising. Reporting from Quanta Magazine, a total of 195,728 have never been known and found before. This discovery is clearly a great opportunity for scientists to conduct further research in order to understand the whole planet. The discovery of this virus is slowly becoming an opportunity for scientists to detect the evolution and potential of threatening climate change. This polar expedition is done by boarding the Tara boat. A ship specifically tasked and used to conduct research in the ocean.

This Tara ship has been operating for more than a decade to research and identify various microbes and other sea creatures. The virus is basically so small that it is difficult to see and notice. However, the existence of a virus for scientists certainly gives a big meaning. The findings of the 195,728 virus were then distributed into five ecological zones located in the Arctic and Antarctic with the depth of the temperate tropical regions. The Arctic region is one of the regions with the most types of viruses. Going forward, these findings will be very important for research conducted by scientists. The results can then be used to calculate the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The reason is that even marine viruses and viruses have an important role in recycling oxygen. As a result, the more life under the sea, the more CO2 changes to organic carbon and biomass.

The Indonesian Coral Reef Governance Idea was adopted by the United Nations

(01/04/2019) Indonesia once again made an international achievement. The draft of Sustainable Coral Reef Governance resolution submitted by the Indonesian Government to the United Nations (UN) was agreed and adopted at the 4th UN General Assembly (UNEA-4) in Nairobi, Kenya, on Friday March 15. The UNEA-4 meeting is the world's highest decision making body in the field of environment. This session produced a number of resolutions and calls for global action to address the environmental problems facing the world today.

Dr. Suseno Sukoyono, the Indonesian delegation in the session stated that the resolution promoted by Indonesia and Monaco, as well as supported by Mexico, the Philippines and South Korea, became the first resolution agreed upon by member countries out of a total of 23 resolutions adopted in the session.

"One of the paragraphs of this resolution is to invite the world to deal with the trade of live reef food fish trade (LRFFT), including its potential adverse effects. The trade in live-consumption reef fish is rampant in Asia Pacific countries," he said in official statement on Monday (1/4).

He added, this resolution also encouraged member countries to participate in the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network to compile reports on the status of global coral reefs in 2020. According to him, this resolution is important for the world because it requires harmonization and coordination between countries to implement policies related to conservation and reef management coral, both at international, regional and local levels.

Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Susi Pudjiastuti, appreciates Indonesia's at this international level. According to her, the move is in line with Indonesia's vision to build sustainable marine and fisheries governance. Minister Susi said, this commitment has been shown consistently since Indonesia initiated cooperation between 6 Asia Pacific countries to protect coral reefs through the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI-CFF) in 2009. The commitment was again proven by Indonesia's role as host of Our Ocean Conference 2018 event in Bali and joint leadership as chairman of the International Coral Reef Initiative for the 2018-2020 period.

MMAF and Ministry of Transportation Synergize Small Fishery Licensing Services

(01/04/2019) Since the Indonesian Government has banned foreign fishing vessels (KIA) from operating to catch fish in national waters, the fishing fleet has undergone significant changes. In the past, fishing vessels were dominated by large-weight vessels, but since the ban came into force at the end of 2014, fishing vessels were dominated by sizes below 10 gros tons (GT).

The dominance of these small sized vessels is recognized by the Director General of Capture Fisheries of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Zulficar Mochtar. According to him, currently small-sized vessels dominate with 89% of the total national fishing fleet, which amounts to around 600,000 units and spread throughout Indonesia.

As a small ship, Zulfiar said that their operations would depend largely on coastal waters and with not large capital. That fact, makes the small ships will not move much and it is different from large ships that have sufficient capital and further roaming.

With such facts, Zulficar does not deny that small-scale fishermen who operate fishing vessels under 10 GT have a number of technical obstacles in the field. Including, relating to ship licensing matters that must be done at the provincial level in each region. As small fishermen, this fact makes it difficult for them to carry out the process of arranging fisheries and marine vessels documents. "Many small fishermen say, the biggest obstacle is the difficulty of access and lack of knowledge," he said in Jakarta, last week.

So that such problems can be overcome, Zulficar said, KKP took the initiative to establish cooperation with the Ministry of Transportation through the Directorate General of Sea Transportation. The cooperation agreement (PKS) that has been signed, will focus on the legal status of fishing vessels and maritime services throughout the archipelago.

Zulficar said, PKS with the Ministry of Transportation is a breakthrough step to help solve problems that are often faced by small-scale fishermen, namely the legal status of ships such as Small Pas: Letter of Measure, Gross Deed, Permit that includes Fishing Boat Books, and Evidence of Fishing Vessels (BPKP), Fishery Business License (SIUP), and Fishing License (SIPI) owned by the vessel. "In addition, it also provides marine certification in the form of seafarers' books or as safe as books," he explained.

Reduce Marine Debris, Ministry of Transportation Will Build Shelter Facilities in Each Port

(01/04/2019) The problem of plastic waste that empties into the ocean has long been a world concern. For this reason, management and reduction of waste in the middle of the sea is intensified. At the G-20 leaders' summit in Hamburg Germany some time ago, President Joko Widodo also said, currently Indonesia has set a National Action (RAN) related to the management and reduction of marine waste by 70 percent by 2025. Strict sanctions will be given to parties who dispose of waste / waste in the waters as stipulated in the Shipping Law

"Everyone who discharges wastewater, dirt, garbage or other materials into the waters can be punished with imprisonment and a fine of up to hundreds of millions of rupiah," said Director of Shipping and Maritime Affairs, Directorate General of Transportation, Ministry of Transportation Sudiono in his written statement on Sunday (31 / 3).

The nature of Law Number 17 of 2008 concerning Shipping is also stated, every vessel crew is obliged to prevent and overcome environmental pollution from ships. Likewise, the obligation of each vessel to fulfill the requirements for equipment to prevent pollution by garbage.

According to him, the management of plastic waste in the sea is not only a national issue, but also a major concern for the international community. The Ministry of Transportation has also developed a strategy for managing plastic waste from marine transportation activities. One of the efforts made is to build a reception facility in each public port."Each port must provide shelter facilities in any form that can make it possible to collect trash temporarily from ships or from activities at the port," Sudiono explained.For the initial stage, the Ministry of Transportation targets the facilities to be owned by several major ports, namely Belawan Port, Tanjung Priok, Tanjung Perak, and Makassar and at the Port of Labuan Bajo.

Sudiono hopes that later the storage facilities owned by the five ports can function optimally, not only for waste from ships but also for other operational waste from ships such as dirty oil and sewage.Not only that, the application of waste reporting from ships has also been implemented at this time through the Port Waste Management System, which has been integrated into the inaportnet system in 16 ports.

Furthermore, Sudiono also explained the importance of implementing international environmental management certification (ISO 14001)."Handling waste in ports is also adjusted to the ISO 14001 standard. The government will supervise and encourage ports that have not implemented the certification to immediately prepare themselves for certification," he added.

Tropical Cyclone Veronik hit NTT, Sea Wave Height Reaches 5 Meters

(20/03/2019) Tropical Cyclone Veronik is currently sweeping the East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province. Weather forecasters from the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) say that Veronika Cyclone is in position 15.2 South Latitude and 119.2 East Longitude (BT), or about 600 kilometers south, Southwest of Sabu Raijua Island, Sabu Raijua District. The Tropical Cyclone Veronik was formed on Wednesday (03/20/2019) at around 08.00 WITA. The cyclone with the direction of movement starts from the southwest west with a speed of 8 knots or 15 kilometers per hour, away from the territory of Indonesia, with a maximum wind speed of 40 knots or 75 kilometers per hour. for the next 24 hours the intensity of tropical cyclones increased moving towards the southwest, away from the territory of Indonesia.

The impact of the Veronika cyclone on the waters of NTT for the next three days is wave height ranging from 2-5 meters. This happened in the waters of the South Indian Ocean NTT, the Southern Waters of Sumba Island, and the Strait of Western Sumba, the Savu Sea, the South Waters of Kupang - Rote Island and the South Timor Sea. For a wave height of four meters or more has the potential to occur in the Indian Ocean.

New Study, Fish Population in the World Ocean Declines Dramatically

(13/03/2019) Fish populations in the oceans are shrinking in number and heading to an alarming rate. this condition will probably worsen and have an impact on those in the higher food chains, one of them is humans.

This was revealed based on data collected throughout the years 1930-2010. In that period, the fish population in the world sea decreased by 4.1 percent. The declining number of fish populations will affect about 56 million people around the world who depend on the fishing industry. The researchers also revealed that the shrinking fish population occurred due to climate change and overfishing. The researchers looked at how ocean warming affects 235 fish populations around the world, which includes 124 species in 38 ecological regions. Also include some crustaceans and mollusks.

Warm water is usually bad news for fish. Warm water not only contains less oxygen but also damages their bodily functions. Fortunately there is good news from this study. Many fishing industries around the world have begun to respond to global warming and try to manage their businesses well. The news became a breath of fresh air and provided new hope for the fish population to grow again.

Indonesian Mangrove Degradation: Dieback Phenomenon in Bali's Benoa Bay Area

(11/02/2019) Mangroves are typical coastal ecosystems in tidal areas with unique habitat characteristics in each species. The largest Indonesian mangrove in the world is 3.4 million hectares, but 1.82 million ha of Indonesian mangroves are in critical condition (2018) and during the period of 2010 - 2015 mangrove degradation of 260,859.32 ha. A unique phenomenon occurs in mangroves in Benoa Bay, Bali, namely dieback which attacks three types of true mangroves, dying or dying due to environmental changes. Although reforestation can be carried out, the 'adult' mangrove ecosystem has provided ecosystem services such as natural coastal walls, preventing liquefaction and important fauna habitats.

Recently mangrove degradation was found in the Benoa bay region. The emergence of a unique phenomenon called dieback attack the type of Sonneratia, Rhizophora, and Avicenniadi in the region. The three types of true mangroves look dying (or dead) because of the inability of their network systems to adapt to environmental changes that occur. Dry stems and branches lose their moisture until they are gray, there are no leaves attached to the stem, and no live tillers are found from these species.

This phenomenon mostly destroys mangroves to the north of the reclamation area for the construction of the Benoa port project, precisely in the Pedungan Village, others spread to the Sesetan Village - Denpasar.

The monitoring results through the satellite imagery of Sentinel-2 in January 2019, have been recovered and have destroyed at least 8.95 hectares of mangrove areas in Benoa Bay, and can potentially spread to the surrounding area temporarily which leads to the mass death of mangroves there. Figure 3 shows the distribution of mangrove dieback from 2017 to the beginning of 2019.

From the results of field observations, the main trigger factor for the dieback phenomenon is the high sedimentation that enters the mangrove area so that it covers most of the breath roots there. Breath roots are used by mangroves to help take oxygen from the air through lenticels for metabolic processes. If under normal circumstances, the roots should be visible on the surface of the ground.

In addition, indications of tidal flows that are disrupted due to sedimentation can be seen in several places, the condition of soil cracking around the mangrove indicates that the circulation of water cannot enter the area properly, because normally the habitat of the three mangroves must be in the circulation area recede every day. Other indications such as waste and waste are also found scattered around the area (visible oil and plastic around the mangrove area). Changes in soil structure may also be another cause of this phenomenon.

Dieback mangroves are actually phenomena that can be said to be rare in Indonesia, but they have been recorded as having happened on Mantehage Island - North Sulawesi and Karimunjawa-Central Java. The State of Australia in 2015 also experienced something similar and has killed +7400 hectares of mangroves on the Cartepentaria Coast triggered by drought and sea level decline.

Planting or growing new mangrove tillers in the area to replace dead mangroves can occur and be carried out, because environmental conditions are estimated to still be conducive to recolonisation of new mangrove (can be from other types) from existing local seeds. But the thing to remember is that mangrove tillers cannot replace ecosystem services that have been formed and provided by mangroves before, because they need time to develop and at least take years to reach the mature and strong levels to become a "natural wall" again.

The study is related to sedimentation and hydrological patterns of mangroves, as well as possible indications of other triggers that these phenomena need to be carried out immediately, so that follow-up plans can be carried out and targeted. If not, the natural walls of the soil binder that have lived for decades can be lost and ultimately lead to greater disasters such as liquefaction and significantly impact the loss of important fauna living there.

The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) has developed anti-cancer from marine organisms

(06/02/2019) "Like sponges and sea cucumbers as anticancer ingredients and food sources to prevent cancer. Marine organisms are a source of bioactive compounds that can be used as candidates for anticancer agents," said researcher LIPI Oceanographic Research Center Ratih Pangestuti in a press conference "Technology Utilization and Potential Biological Resources for Cancer Prevention "at LIPI Building, Jakarta, Monday (4/2 2019).

Indonesia with abundant marine biodiversity such as sea sponges, sea rabbits, tunicates, soft corals, seaweed to mollusks that can be candidates for anticancer agents, has great potential to develop anticancer materials and food sources for cancer prevention. Currently, LIPI is working with a Spanish pharmaceutical company, Pharma Mar to develop medicinal raw materials from marine organisms. Ratih said the concept of food for the prevention of cancer is intended as a food or food component that serves to improve the condition of the body's resistance and reduce the risk of contracting various types of diseases including cancer.

The World Health Organization estimates that there are 18.1 million new cancer cases and 9.6 million deaths that occurred in 2018. The results of the Ministry of Health's Basic Health Research revealed the prevalence of cancer increased from 1.4 percent in 2013 to 1.8 percent in 2018. Ratih said 60 percent of anticancer drugs came from nature and four commercial anticancer drugs came from the sea. Ratih said that a number of marine organisms that have the potential for anticancer and cancer prevention materials studied by LIPI are currently sea sponges such as Melophlus sarassinorum from Makassar waters, microbes associated with sea sponges and deep-sea microbes, sea cucumbers including sea cucumbers and golden sea cucumbers, fish and algae.

Currently, LIPI collects 50 types of sea cucumbers to identify active compounds and anticancer activities. Apart from being an anticancer material, marine fauna can also be a food source to prevent cancer, for example, macroalgae or seaweed and fish. Ratih said the potential anticancer compounds from seaweed include chlorophyll, carotenoids, phenol acid, mycosporine-like amino acid (MAA), flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, sulfated polysaccharides.

Ruth said sea sponges and sea cucumbers have great potential for cancer treatment, while algae and fish have the potential to prevent cancer. For this treatment, the active ingredient can be to kill cancer cells or prevent cancer metastasis. Sea sponges can be used as anticancer ingredients for leukemia cancer, while sea cucumbers can be used as anticancer agents for breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

"The price of gold sea cucumber in Hong Kong can be up to tens of millions of rupiah per kilogram and Indonesia is still limited to being an exporter and the sea cucumber products that have been supplemented come from outside," Ratih told Antara. While the active ingredients for cancer prevention by utilizing marine organisms are intended to extinguish free radicals in the body and increase the body's resistance. "These free radicals, if they are continuously in the body, will damage macromolecules such as DNA, protein, fat, which can trigger cancer," he said.

West Kalimantan Sea Water Temperature Warmer Than Normally, BMKG Predicts Potentially Increases Rainfal

(02/03/2019) The Head of Climatology Station at Mempawah Syfrinal explained the analysis of rainfall in the West Kalimantan region on the third quarter of February 2019 and was dominated by the middle category with rainfall ranging from 51 - 150 mm / dasarian. In general, rainfall in the West Kalimantan region on the next March 1 to March 10, 2019 is predicted to range from 60 to 160 mm / dasarian.

Sea Surface Temperature around West Kalimantan waters shows a positive anomaly value or warmer than normal, which supports the growth potential of convective clouds and increased rainfall in some areas of West Kalimantan. In addition, the southern coastal areas of West Kalimantan are predicted to have lower rainfall compared to other regions. The air temperature in West Kalimantan in the next 10 days is predicted to be higher than the average, with anomalies of 0.1 - 0.3º C.

Sea Temperature and Fish Supply

(04/03/2019) Supplement of marine fish fell by 5% due to the increase in the temperature of the waters. Based on the latest research examining marine data throughout the world, fish species affected by climate change include cod, herring, and shellfish.

A more severe decline in fish stocks occurs in the main fishing area. Like, the East China Sea and the North Sea, with a decline in fish supply reaching 35%. This problem threatens 56 million fishermen who depend on the fisheries sector. On the other hand, the practice of overfishing has helped to worsen marine conditions.

The researchers traced fishing data until the 1930 period, which covered 235 populations of 124 marine species. This amount accounts for one third of the catches from around the world. Despite the decline in fish supply due to warming of sea water, climate change causes other problems. For example, a population of black sea bass develops in the middle waters of the Atlantic. Even though most of the fish move underwater.

The Maritime BMKG Calculates the High Wave Warning in the Sulawesi Sea

The Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Agency of the Class II Maritime Meteorology Station released a high-wave warning on Friday (01/03/2018). The estimated wave height of 1.25 to 2.25 meters is likely to occur in the waters around the southern part of North Kalimantan, Sulawesi Sea, North and South waters of North Sulawesi, Sangihe and Talaud Islands waters, Bitung and Likupang waters and Maluku Sea.

For shipping safety, it must be considered, for example, fishing boats with wind speeds of more than 15 knots and wave height above 1.25 meters, barges with wind speeds of more than 16 knots and wave height above 1.5 meters. Ferry ships with wind speeds of more than 21 knots and wave heights above 2.5 meters, large vessels such as cargo ships or cruise ships with wind speeds of more than 27 knots and wave height above 4.0 meters BMKG appealed to the public and ships carrying out activities in the areas listed in the early warning list above, please consider these conditions.

The Flood of Sea Water Tides in Tanjabtim, Starts to Inundate Settlements and Roads

(25/01/2019) Cited from tribunjambi.com, rob floods or high tide waters hit most of the community settlements in the coastal areas of East Tanjung Jabung District. The height of the tidal sea since the last few days has risen to inundate roads, settlements and community plantations. The area that was submerged by sea water floods, including in Mendahara District, East Sabak District, Nipah Panjang District, Berbak and Sadu Districts. This tidal water rises in the afternoon until the evening, then continue at night for about three hours. It is estimated that the peak of this high seawater season will last until March, 2019.

The Deep Sea of Eastern Indonesia is Rich in Bacteria, but has not been Widely Studied

(18/02/2019) East Indonesia waters have many treasures in the form of unique and interesting organisms but not widely known by domestic researchers. In Ambon, there have been many scientific expeditions since 1800, but those that do it are mostly from abroad: Denmark, the Netherlands, France and America. The Western scientists "dredged" the natural wealth of the Indonesian sea for scientific research. Yosmina Tapilatu, a researcher from the Deep Sea Research Center of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences, explained the richness of the deep sea in eastern Indonesia that has not been widely explored by domestic researchers.

Five years after the Second World War, a ship named Galathea moved from the port in Copenhagen, Denmark, along with 120 crew members. After months of sailing, they arrived in the Banda Sea. The historic Galathea expedition for the study of deep sea bacteria. The scientists who participated in the expedition managed to uncover the existence of mysterious fauna inhabitants of thousands of meters of deep sea. Marine microbiologist Professor Claude Zobbel from the University of California became the first scientist to study deep sea bacteria in Indonesia. Just like Zobbel, Yosmina Tapilatu is also infatuated with deep-sea bacteria, especially in the waters of Eastern Indonesia that stretches from the Makassar Strait, Banda Sea, Sulawesi Sea, and parts of the Pacific Ocean.

Research gaps do occur. For every one publication published on marine bacteria from eastern Indonesia, seven to eight are published regarding similar themes from western Indonesia. Comparison 1: 7-1: 8. That proves that marine bacterial exploration in eastern Indonesia is nothing compared to the western part. For deep sea exploration, scientists like Yosmina need state support. They need research vessels, microbiology laboratories, research personnel, and of course a large research fund.

Supermoon Phenomenon, Sea Water Will Tide in the Makassar Coast

(20/01/2019) Cited from Tribun-timur.com, the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) issued an early warning of the occurrence of sea tides until January 22, 2019. Sea tides occur because of the Supermoon phenomenon accompanied by a full moon. This has an impact on the condition of the maximum sea level in Indonesia. The Makassar coast is one of the areas predicted to be affected by the tides. In addition, other affected areas were the North coast of Jakarta, the north coast of Central Java, the north coast of East Java, the coast of Cilacap, the coast of Bali, and the coast of West Kalimantan. Sea tides is expected to disrupt transportation around the port and coast. The activity of salt farmers will also be disrupted. Similarly, loading and unloading activities at the port.

BMKG: Beware of Increasing Sea Surface Temperature in Yogya Increased sea surface temperatures occur up to anomaly of 0.5-1 degrees

(31/01/2019) The Yogyakarta Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) has issued an early warning to increase sea surface temperatures. Both in the Indian Ocean and the Java Sea in the northern part of Yogyakarta. Head of the BMKG Yogyakarta Weather Forecast Unit, Sigit Hadi Prakosa, said that rising sea surface temperatures occur up to an anomaly of 0.5-1 degrees. As a result, the sea surface temperature is at 28-30 degrees. "Thus, the availability of water vapor in the atmosphere of Yogyakarta triggers the formation of rain clouds in the form of convective clouds or cumulonimbus," Sigit said, Thursday (1/31).

On the other hand, continued Sigit, the increased activity of Mount Merapi in the form of lava avalanches and the availability of volcanic ash will increase the accumulation of particles in the air that support the formation of water vapor. The impact has resulted in the formation of cumulonimbus clouds up to a height of more than 12 kilometers as happened on January 29, 2019. This condition can cause hail. Monitoring BMKG Yogyakarta, the peak temperature of the cloud from a height like this can reach minus 80 degrees.

With the availability of water that is so thick up to 9 kilos and ice up to 3 kilos at the top of the clouds, hail is inevitable. "Cause heavy rain accompanied by ice on 29 January 2019 ago, meaning that there is a correlation between the increasing activity of Merapi and the increase in extreme weather in Sleman," Sigit said. The peak of the rainy season in Sleman Regency itself has resulted in a number of disasters such as floods. Bajir from Pete River for example, has resulted in one house collapsing and two houses threatened to collapse in Kalasan District.

The bridge in Karangmojo Hamlet is also in danger of collapsing because the hanging foundation has been eroded by flooding. One meter high floods also inundated 15 houses in Bogem Hamlet due to overflowing Kali Pete. At least as many as four family heads consisting of 10 adults and five children sought refuge in Bogem Hamlet. Three houses and village roads in Pondok Wonolelo were also affected by overflowing times. In addition, the flood from Opak River to make a suspension bridge in Karangwetan Hamlet, Berbah District was severely damaged. This was because the bridge which had only been operating at the end of last year was not strong enough to withstand the burden of the garbage involved. Sleman Regent, Sri Purnomo asserted, Regency Government will prioritize saving the lives of people who are directly affected by disasters in the event of an emergency.

Personnel and equipment for handling disasters will also be mobilized. Both from TRC, BPBD, BLH, PU, ​​Dinsos, Dinkes, TNI-Polri, PMI, Tagana and Komrel Sleman are involved in handling impacts in Sleman. The Regency Government will also lower the Sleman Emergency Service (SES) to save lives. One of the services is an ambulance with drivers and paramedics. In addition, he stressed, Regency Government will provide fulfillment of basic needs for people directly affected. "Food logistics is facilitated by the Office of Social Affairs, especially if there are refugees, for flood material available 370 units of gabion and 4,000 sandbags in both BPBD warehouses and the PUPKP Office," said Sri.

Krakatau Activity Increases, Sea Safe Limit Radius 5 Km

(04/03/2019) Jakarta, CNN Indonesia - Officers of Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG) warn fishermen to remain vigilant and not get close to the Mount Anak Krakatau area because seismic activity on the mountain has returned quite active since the end of February 2019.

The activity of Mount Anak Krakatau which had once experienced a decline has now returned to experience seismic activity, even in the last few days at the end of last month. "Because Mount Anak Krakatau is still actively experiencing the seismicity that is sometimes accompanied by an eruption, we ask that residents who are active in the sea remain vigilant, to pay attention to safe distances, stay away in a radius of five kilometers from the center of the crater, for safety," said the PVMBG Officer at The Observation Post of Mount Anak Krakatau, Deni Mardiono, in Pasauran Cinangka, Serang, Banten, Sunday (3/3) was quoted as saying by Antara.

It is known, in the last few days, the seismic activity of Mount Anak Krakatau was recorded as having increased. On February 23, Mount Anak Krakatau was observed to have erupted with the height of the ash column reaching around 500 meters above sea level. Then, February Mount Anak Krakatau was observed experiencing two gusts of white smoke, six volcanic earthquakes in one time, one local tectonic earthquake.

Then, on February 28, Mount Anak Krakatau was observed to experience 18 times deep volcanic seismicity, 9 times local tectonic earthquakes and two distant tectonic earthquakes. The volcanic activity of Mount Anak Krakatau has claimed many lives in December last year. On December 22, 2018, the volume of the avalanche of Mount Anak Krakatau due to volcanic activity, which reached around 80 million cubic meters, resulted in a tsunami that hit the coast of Banten and Lampung. Hundreds of people were killed in the tsunami in Lampung and Banten.

In addition, due to the landslide incident, the morphology of Mount Anak Krakatau also changed so much that the mountain height that had been 388 meters above sea level, now only 110 meters. On January 21, the Head of the ESDM Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Volcanic Mitigation Division, Hendra Gunawan, stated that the eruption of Mount Anak Krakatau on December 22, 2018, proved very devastating. There are 80 million cubic meters or 80 million tons of material falling into the sea. That volume means the equivalent of 288 thousand Airbus A380-800 aircraft. It is known that Airbus A380-800 is empty or without passengers, around 28 tons.

Indonesia Discusses Construction of Marine Data Center at IODE 2019 Meeting in Tokyo

(21/02/2019) Following the election of Indonesia to become a member of the Executive Board of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (IOC / UNESCO), Head of BPPT Hammam Riza, led the Indonesian delegation at the 25th International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) meeting in Tokyo , 18-22 February 2019. Said by the Head of BPPT, that Indonesia was chosen to be a member of the IOC Executive Member Council of UNESCO for the period 2017 - 2019.

For this membership, the government is required to seek improved governance, facilities and infrastructure for marine science and technology, as well as strategic marine research programs," he said via instant messaging, Monday, February 18, 2019. Hammam further stated, that Indonesia needs to have an Indonesian Ocean Data Center, which later will become part of Indonesia's contribution in the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange.

As the IOC / UNESCO National Coordinator and IODE for Indonesia, Hammam said BPPT would build the Indonesia National Oceanographic Data Center (I-NODC) with the Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs, the Ministry of Research and Technology, BMKG, LIPI, BIG and other relevant ministries.

One of the proposed BPPT flagship programs or flagship programs in this meeting is the multi hazard early warning system (MHEWS) technology, including ocean hazard, which includes the construction of Buoys and Cable Based Tsunameters (CBT) or submarine cables. On this occasion Hammam also explained that the Buoy program and other marine research could be encouraged and enhanced through the National Research Master Plan (RIRN) and a large national marine research strategy that is being jointly prepared by strategic stakeholders.

Furthermore, at this meeting, Hammam discussed the discussion of the objectives of sustainable development (TPB) or point 14 SDGs in real form that could be accepted by the wider community. For information Indonesia was selected to be a member of the UN governmental Oceanographic Executive Board of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (IOC / UNESCO) at the 29th IOC UNESCO Assembly Meeting at UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, 2017. The IOC Executive Board of UNESCO represents 334 countries in the Asia Pacific. The position of the Executive Board is carried out by Indonesia along with Australia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Pakistan, Thailand and China. (PR / HMP)