Newsletter 2021

What are the uses of remote sensing in various fields?

(April 28, 2021) In geography studies, remote sensing functions to obtain information on the earth's surface from a certain distance. Simply put, when observing a scene from below and it is not yet clear, then go up to the top so that the view is clearer. The illustration above is the basic principle of remote sensing. The difference is, currently, remote sensing is carried out with sophisticated technology using electromagnetic wave sensors. Quoted from UGM's page, the definition of remote sensing is the science of collecting information about an object, area, or phenomenon, which is usually related to the earth's environment, through a recording device that uses electromagnetic waves without having to touch the object.

[https://tirto.id/apa-saja-pemanfaatan-penginderaan-jauh-dalam-berbagai-bidang-gedi]

KKP has prepared priority steps to deal with the phenomenon of stranded marine mammals

(April 29, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) has prepared several priority steps in dealing with the megafauna phenomenon of marine mammals such as whales and sharks that were stranded in a fairly close span of time in Indonesia."A number of priority steps will be taken by the KKP in order to deal with the number of stranded marine megafauna incidents," said KKP Director General of Marine Spatial Management Tb Haeru Rahayu who is familiarly called Tebe in a release in Jakarta, Thursday.


[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2128978/kkp-siapkan-langkah-prioritas-tangani-fenomena-mamalia-laut-terdampar]

Seaweed Debris Littering Tanjung Benoa Beach. The Badung LHK Service Reaches 4 Tons a Day

(April 30, 2021) Seaweed debris that has pulled ashore due to the eastern wind, and this condition has been happening since mid-April 2021. After the rubbish sent due to the west wind has passed, the garbage sent due to the easter wind has returned to hit the Badung area. The consignment waste is dominated by seaweed waste. This time the affected areas are along the coast in Tanjung Benoa, South Kuta District, Badung. Even though it's only seaweed debris, the Badung Environment and Sanitation Service (LHK) officers clean up the garbage every day, which reaches 4 tons per day on average.

[https://www.nusabali.com/berita/94196/sampah-rumput-laut-kotori-pantai-tanjung-benoa]

This is the condition of the sea where the KRI Nanggala-402 drowned

(April 26, 2021) After KRI Nanggala-402 lost contact for three days, the Indonesian Navy submarine was officially declared sunk on April 24, 2021. The last KRI Nanggala-402 was detected at a depth of 850 meters. A total of 53 crew members who served in it, died. KSAL Admiral Yudo Margono said that one of the difficulties in searching was the depth of the sea. However, the team continued to carry out the search and lift procedures for the ship. The search was carried out by deploying dozens of ships and assistance from friendly countries.

[https://inet.detik.com/science/d-5546812/begini-kondisi-laut-tempat-kri-nanggala-402-tenggelam]

Lapan: Supermoon Cause Maximum Tides in the Sea

(April 27, 2021) Head of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (Lapan) Thomas Djamaluddin said supermoon or purnama perigee (closest full moon) can cause maximum tides in the sea."There will be no significant impact, apart from the maximum tide in the sea, if it is not accompanied by bad weather at sea," said Thomas when contacted by Antara, Jakarta, Tuesday (27/4). Supermoon or full moon perigee (closest full moon) occurs at night on April 27, 2021.


[https://www.viva.co.id/vstory/opini-vstory/1366733-wisata-bahari-jadi-ancaman-kehidupan-ekosistem-laut]

7 Amazing Benefits of Seaweed

(April 29, 2021) The benefits of seaweed have been widely known since ancient times. The Romans used seaweed which was made into flour as a burn medicine and other medicinal ingredients.In East Asia such as Japan and China, seaweed is commonly used for food processing. That's why, a lot of the food there comes from processed seaweed, such as onigiri and sushi. Seaweed itself is included in the algae family, which are usually green, brown and red algae. Not only does it have a unique taste, the nutritional content of seaweed is quite diverse.

[https://kesehatan.kontan.co.id/news/7-manfaat-rumput-laut-yang-menakjubkan]

What Causes the Occurrence of Tidal?

(April 21, 2021) The sea occupies about 71 percent of the total surface area of ​​the earth. The amount is so far from the total land area. The sea is salt water that separates or even connected between continents and islands. Referring to Law Number 32 of 2014, the sea is defined as a water space on the surface of the earth that connects land and other natural forms. The sea is also defined as a geographic and ecological entity whose boundaries are regulated in international law and law. The sea has a big role for life on earth. Various marine potentials such as fish, salt, energy generation, and tourism are widely used by humans.

[https://tirto.id/apa-penyebab-terjadinya-air-laut-pasang-dan-surut-gdaa]

Marine Tourism Becomes a Threat to Marine Ecosystems

(April 22, 2021) Indonesia as a maritime country has a very high potential for natural resources. Indonesian sea territory itself is about ¾ wide part of the national territory. As the largest archipelagic country in the world which has a sea area of ​​about 3.257 million km2 and a beach length of ± 99,093 km, the potential for biodiversity in the Indonesian oceans (marine biodiversity) is of course very abundant. The Indonesian sea is believed to provide many contributions to fisheries in the world and promises optimal potential for the welfare of the Indonesian nation itself both in social and economic development, especially for people in the coastal areas of Indonesia.


[https://www.viva.co.id/vstory/opini-vstory/1366733-wisata-bahari-jadi-ancaman-kehidupan-ekosistem-laut]

The Conditions and Pressure of the Sea at a Depth of 800 Meters

(April 25, 2021) Commander of the Indonesian Navy (Danlanal) Denpasar Bali Colonel Laut (P) I Komang Teguh Ardana, S.T., M.A.P., attended an Underwater Clean Up and Beach activity, at Matahari Terbit Beach, Sanur, Denpasar, Sunday (18/4).This beach clean-up action was held to commemorate International Earth Day 2021. During the event with the theme Together We Have The Power To Restore Our Earth, Denpasar Bali Navy Base personnel collaborated with DPP IARMI Bali and Ugracena Bali Student Regiment to carry out underwater clean up scuba diving involving 25 divers from P3B, IARMI Bali, and Jala Darma.

[https://www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20210425154556-199-634526/meraba-kondisi-dan-tekanan-laut-di-kedalaman-800-meter/2]

Utilization of Marine Space Applying Sustainable Principles

(April 15, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) is targeting Non-Tax State Revenue (PNBP) from the use of marine space to increase this year. To achieve this target, a sustainable principle is needed so that the marine ecosystem is maintained. One of the things done by the KKP in ensuring environmentally friendly economic activities in marine space is by involving experts from well-known universities in Indonesia, be they experts in the fields of marine, economics to the environment. The use of marine space for economic activities varies greatly, such as planting submarine cables or pipes for telecommunications facilities, drilling for oil and natural gas to tourism activities.

[https://investor.id/business/pemanfaatan-ruang-laut-terapkan-prinsip-berkelanjutan]

Blue Economy to Maintain Marine and Coastal Ecosystems

(April 17, 2021) The commitment to carry out development by maintaining the principles of environmental sustainability and at the same time increasing welfare in the marine and fisheries sector was declared by the Government of Indonesia. Those commitments combine, as the world is adopting the principles of a blue economy. The impetus for implementing these principles is in the report Ocean for Welfare: Reforms for a Blue Economy in Indonesia published by the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs (Kemenko Marves) and Investments with the World Bank.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/04/17/ekonomi-biru-untuk-menjaga-ekosistem-laut-dan-pesisir/]

Lifting Underwater Trash, Lanal Denpasar Sent Dozens of Divers

(April 18, 2021) Commander of the Indonesian Navy (Danlanal) Denpasar Bali Colonel Laut (P) I Komang Teguh Ardana, S.T., M.A.P., attended an Underwater Clean Up and Beach activity, at Matahari Terbit Beach, Sanur, Denpasar, Sunday (18/4).This beach clean-up action was held to commemorate International Earth Day 2021. During the event with the theme Together We Have The Power To Restore Our Earth, Denpasar Bali Navy Base personnel collaborated with DPP IARMI Bali and Ugracena Bali Student Regiment to carry out underwater clean up scuba diving involving 25 divers from P3B, IARMI Bali, and Jala Darma.

[https://radarbali.jawapos.com/read/2021/04/18/255277/angkat-sampah-bawah-laut-lanal-denpasar-terjunkan-puluhan-penyelam]

Population Decreases Drastically, KKP Issues NAP for Shark Conservation

(April 12, 2021) The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) stated that the population of sharks and rays around the world is said to have dropped drastically by 70 percent over the past 50 years. Overfishing is the biggest threat to marine fish extinction. Indonesia is considered to be the country with the largest catch of sharks and rays, reaching 12.31 percent or 88,790 tons per year. Limited scientific information about shark and ray resources in Indonesia is still a big challenge for shark and ray conservation.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/04/12/populasi-turun-drastis-kkp-terbitkan-ran-konservasi-hiu/]

Minister Trenggono: Economic activities at sea must be environmentally friendly

(April 13, 2021) Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Sakti Wahyu Trenggono emphasized that although non-tax state revenue (PNBP) is targeted to increase, economic activity in the use of space in the sea must be environmentally friendly and protect the marine ecosystem. "This (marine space) must be protected. If it is not maintained, it will have a wider effect over a long period of time which will disrupt the ecosystem of life," said Sakti Wahyu Trenggono in a press release in Jakarta, Tuesday.


[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2098706/menteri-trenggono-aktivitas-ekonomi-di-laut-harus-ramah-lingkungan]

The phenomenon of rising sea water due to climate change, this is the result of research in Aceh waters

(April 14, 2021) Increased sea water is a phenomenon that cannot be denied and is a very important issue today.There are several factors that influence this change, the most important of which is an increase in temperature and an increase in water volume.These changes will have an impact on the balance of water and land and are dangerous for countries on the coast such as Indonesia.In the last 18,000 years, sea level has risen as high as 120 meters, meaning that normally sea level rise is only around 0.07 mm / year.

[https://aceh.tribunnews.com/2021/04/14/fenomena-kenaikan-air-laut-akibat-perubahan-iklim-ini-hasil-penelitian-di-perairan-aceh]

These are the Challenges of Indonesia's Maritime Conditions for the Sustainability of the Marine Economy

(April 6, 2021) The Indonesian government is committed to utilizing Indonesia's marine resources for national development and prosperity with the principle of the sustainable economy (Sustainable Ocean Economy). The sustainability of the marine economy (Sustainable Ocean Economy) is said to be one of the solutions to achieve a balance between protecting marine ecosystems, marine economic development, and improving people's welfare from the use of the sea.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/04/06/ini-tantangan-kondisi-maritim-indonesia-untuk-keberlanjutan-perekonomian-laut/]

Fishermen's Day: The Fate of Women Fishermen is Still Dark

(April 7, 2021) Fisherwomen play an important role in the fishery production chain. Their contribution is very large, from pre-production to production to post-production. Its task is complex and at the same time plays a role in ensuring the fulfillment of the nation's protein. Without fisherwomen, households and the fishing industry will not be able to stand upright and send protein to the dining table at the homes of Indonesian citizens. Data from the People's Coalition for Fisheries Justice (KIARA) explains that fisherwomen are able to provide an economic contribution of more than 60 percent to the family economy.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/04/07/hari-nelayan-nasib-perempuan-nelayan-yang-masih-kelam/]

North Coast Mangrove Forest in Central Java Threatened by Plastic Waste

(April 11, 2021) Researcher Celine van Bijsterveldt and her team have traveled to mangrove forests on the north coast of Central Java to research their recovery efforts. But when researchers saw plastic litter scattered all over the mangrove swamp forest, entangling roots and enveloping branches, they were instead forced to examine the damage done to the mangrove trees. “This amount of plastic is just insane. We can't just ignore it, ”said Celine, a doctoral candidate at Utrecht University and the Royal Netherlands Marine Research Institute NIOZ, and lead author of a paper published in the February 2021 edition of Science of the Total Environment.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/04/11/hutan-bakau-pesisir-utara-jawa-tengah-terancam-sampah-plastik/]

Calculating Indonesia's Marine Wealth Index for Sustainable Fisheries

(April 2, 2021) The government and a number of researchers discussed five areas for realizing the economic sustainability of Indonesia's fishery and marine wealth.The sustainability of the marine economy (Sustainable Ocean Economy) is said to be one of the solutions to achieve a balance between protecting marine ecosystems, marine economic development, and improving people's welfare from the use of the sea.There are five fields in the implementation of the sustainable ocean economy. Among them are ocean wealth, ocean health, ocean equity, ocean knowledge, and ocean finance.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/04/02/menghitung-indeks-kekayaan-laut-indonesia-untuk-perikanan-keberlanjutan/]

This is the Challenge of Maintaining the Quality and Safety of Aquaculture Products

(April 1, 2021) Maintaining the quality and safety of fishery products is an important task that must always be carried out in aquaculture. This task can keep aquaculture free from physical, biological, and chemical hazards. These hazards must be avoided, because aquaculture is very vulnerable to all possibilities. Including, fish diseases which currently continue to threaten the sustainability of aquaculture that runs throughout Indonesia.


[https://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20210330124625-92-623807/luhut-akui-indeks-kesehatan-laut-ri-masih-di-bawah-dunia]

Abrasion Threatens Fisherman's Life in Bengkalis Island

(March 31, 2021) The beach along Prapat Tunggal Village, Bengkalis District, Bengkalis Regency, Riau Province, continues to experience abrasion. In addition to threatening the lives of farmers, this also threatens the economic life of fishermen in the region.The chairman of the Jati Indah Meskom fishermen group, Basri (55), explained that before 2000, the income from catching fish was abundant. However, recently it has decreased because the abrasion that occurs in the area can interfere with fishing activities. In the past, when he returned to the sea he could still bring home the catch of fish between 15-20 kilos. Now it is decreasing, the average is 5 kilos.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/29/pembaruan-regulasi-jamin-keberlanjutan-ekosistem-laut-dan-pesisir/]

Director-General of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries: The potential for open marine cultivation is very wide

(March 31, 2021) Director General of Aquaculture at the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) Slamet Soebjakto said that the potential for marine cultivation in various parts of Indonesia is very wide open to be utilized by various groups of people."The potential for marine cultivation in Indonesia is still very wide open, with a land-use rate of less than 5 percent of the total indicative potential for marine cultivation of around 12 million hectares," said Slamet Soebjakto in a press release in Jakarta, Wednesday.

[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2073014/dirjen-kkp-potensi-budidaya-laut-terbuka-sangat-lebar]

Luhut Admits Indonesia's Marine Health Index is Still Under the World

(March 30, 2021) Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment Luhut Binsar Panjaitan admitted that Indonesia's marine health index is still low, which is only in the range of 65 percent in 2018. In fact, the index is lower than the world average of around 71 percent in the previous year. same. "In 2017-2018, Indonesia's marine health index has a score of 65 percent, while global is 71 percent in 2018," said Luhut in a virtual seminar entitled Towards a Sustainable Ocean Economy in Indonesia, Tuesday (30/3).


[https://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20210330124625-92-623807/luhut-akui-indeks-kesehatan-laut-ri-masih-di-bawah-dunia]

Regulatory Reform to Ensure the Sustainability of Marine and Coastal Ecosystems?

(March 29, 2021) The guarantee for the sustainability of the marine ecosystem is one of the substances in the Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation Number 27 of 2021 concerning Implementation in the Marine and Fisheries Sector. This regulation is a derivative of Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation. These substances together with five other substances are expected to be able to oversee the development of the marine and fisheries sector. If it goes well, then the presence of these derivative regulations will be a driving force for the progress of the KP sector in the future.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/29/pembaruan-regulasi-jamin-keberlanjutan-ekosistem-laut-dan-pesisir/]

KKP Gives Conditional Permits for Oil and Gas Drilling in the Sea

(March 24, 2021) Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Sakti Wahyu Trenggono emphasized that the main requirement for granting a permit for oil and gas exploration drilling activities at sea is responsible drilling accompanied by recovery. SKK Migas has targeted drilling for oil and gas at 600 points in Indonesia's territory by 2021. With this activity, Trenggono believes there will be a direct impact on the marine environment, which contains large ecosystems in it.

[https://www.validnews.id/KKP-Berikan-Izin-Bersyarat-Untuk-Pengeboran-Migas-di-Laut-msF]

Joint Sea Supervision Held in the Waters of the Mayangan Fishing Port

(March 23, 2021) Maritime safety patrol activities and Gili Ketapang waters survey, joint marine surveillance was held in the waters of the Probolinggo Fishery Port. Apart from involving the Tanjung Perak port base in Surabaya, the maritime safety patrol also involved the Mayangan Probolinggo Fishery Port Marine Port and the Probolinggo Class IV KSOP as well as the Probolinggo City Forkopimda as support for the planning for the construction of Pier III, Tuesday (23/03).


[https://memontum.com/137579-pengawasan-laut-bersama-digelar-di-perairan-pelabuhan-perikanan-mayangan]

The PUPR Ministry is gradually working to deal with floods and tides in the Pantura area

(March 24, 2021) The Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (PUPR) is gradually and integrated to make efforts to handle floods and tides in the North Coast of Java and Semarang City starting from the upstream, such as the construction of the Jatibarang Dam to the downstream, such as the construction of flood canals, river normalization, tidal embankments, pumping stations. , retention ponds, including the Gerak Dam in the West Flood Canal (KBB).

[https://regional.kontan.co.id/news/kementeran-pupr-secara-bertahap-berupaya-menangani-banjir-dan-rob-di-wilayah-pantura]

Important Role of Keeping Order and Safeguarding the Sea

(March 19, 2021) The safety and security of fishing vessels when conducting voyages to catch fish is a very important part that is always expected by everyone involved in it. For ship crews and skippers, these points must be realized in any way. One of the roles that can be encouraged to realize the security and safety of fishing vessels is port and fishery ports throughout the archipelago. Both parties are at the forefront of shipping safety and security.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/19/peran-penting-penjaga-ketertiban-dan-pengamanan-laut/]

This is the Action Plan for Marine Conservation and Protection of Sea Turtles in Arafura and Timor Sea

(March 23, 2021) The Arafura region and the Timor Sea (Arafura and Timor Seas / ATS) are estimated to have an economic value of USD 7.3 billion. Based on the analysis, quoted from this program report, the highest contribution of economic value comes from cultural services, especially tourism. The next highest score in the provision service category includes fishery, timber and aquaculture.


[mongabay.co.id/2021/03/23/inilah-rencana-aksi-konservasi-perairan-dan-perlindungan-penyu-laut-di-arafura-dan-laut-timor/]

This is a Joint Effort to Rehabilitate Mangroves in Mitigating the Impacts of Climate Change

(March 24, 2021) Indonesia is a country with the largest mangrove area and the highest diversity of species in the world, covering an area of ​​3.49 million hectares or about 21 percent of the world's mangroves covering 16.53 million hectares. Unfortunately, there are about 1.82 million ha which are in damaged condition. With this situation, Indonesia also has a big responsibility in mangrove rehabilitation.

https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/24/ini-upaya-bersama-rehabilitasi-mangrove-dalam-meredam-dampak-perubahan-iklim/]

When the fishing industry slumped during the pandemic, research revealed that Indonesian seaweed cultivation was growing rapidly

(March 15, 2021) When COVID-19 hit Indonesia, various industries including fisheries were affected. However, there is one sector that shows the opposite trend, namely seaweed cultivation. Our research shows seaweed farming in Indonesia developed rapidly during the pandemic. There are a variety of possible reasons for this change, including environmental conditions, farming practices, and the impact of COVID-19. The development of seaweed cultivation during a pandemic is very important given Indonesia's status as the largest hydrocolloid seaweed producer in the world. Indonesia produces two thirds of the global supply of hydrocolloid seaweed.

[https://theconversation.com/ketika-industri-perikanan-terpuruk-selama-pandemi-riset-ungkap-budi-daya-rumput-laut-indonesia-justru-berkembang-pesat-157046]

EMPOWERMENT OF COASTAL COMMUNITIES BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM

(March 17, 2021) SEEN from an ecological aspect, the coastal area is an area that is still influenced by marine processes, where towards the sea it includes areas that are still affected by land processes such as sedimentation. Seen from the administrative aspect, a coastal area is an area that administratively has an upstream outer boundary from a District or Regency or city that has an upstream, and to the sea as far as 12 miles from the coastline for Provinces or 1/3 of 12 miles for Regencies / City. While viewed from the planning aspect, the coastal area is an area of ​​management planning and is focused on handling issues that will be handled responsibly


[https://www.rmolbengkulu.com/read/2021/03/17/29100/PEMBERDAYAAN-MASYARAKAT-PESISIR-BERBASIS-KEARIFAN-LOKAL-]

UNDP Holds Competition for Combating Plastic Waste

(March 17, 2021) The United Nations Development Agency (UNDP) together with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation) recently held a competition to tackle marine waste in Indonesia. The competition entitled EPPIC (Ending Plastic Pollution Innovation Challenge) 2 is a continuation of EPPIC which focuses on ASEAN countries.EPPIC's first phase was held last year in Ha Long Bay, Vietnam and Koh Samui, Thailand. EPPIC second phase will be implemented in Indonesia and the Philippines. The objective of the EPPIC competition is to provide innovative solutions that benefit society, not only for environmental benefits, but also for economic and socio-cultural benefits.

[https://www.gatra.com/detail/news/506444/milenial/undp-gelar-kompetisi-penanggulangan-limbah-plastik-]

Mahfud MD: Bakamla Becomes Central for Security of RI's Sea

(March 17, 2021) Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs (Menko Polhukam) Mahfud MD stated that the Maritime Security Agency (Bakamla) is the center of maritime security in Indonesia. However, he ensured that Bakamla would not reduce the authority of other institutions or institutions related to security in the territorial waters of the country.

[https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210316142811-20-618104/mahfud-md-bakamla-jadi-sentral-pengamanan-laut-ri]

Banning cantrang nets for the restoration of marine ecosystems

(March 16, 2021) Small fishermen who rely on boats under 10 GT, on the north coast of Java, reveal that it is increasingly difficult to find fish if they do not use cantrang nets, a type of trawl that is considered to be damaging to marine ecosystems. If they are forced to use other fishing gear, they may continue to be in debt because the results obtained are not comparable to the capital from going to sea, especially since 95 percent of small fishermen in Pantura rely on middlemen for fishing.


[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2045126/melarang-jaring-cantrang-untuk-pemulihan-ekosistem-laut]

Managing the Use of Marine Space for Environmental Sustainability

(March 17, 2021) Utilization of marine space has always been an activity that is prone to conflicts of interest among all stakeholders. These potential risks must be mitigated and anticipated early on, because marine space is used across institutions and stakeholders. One of the focuses is how the use of marine space does not cause chaos if it is used for pipelines and / or submarine cables. This was stated by the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Wahyu Sakti Trenggono recently in Jakarta.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/17/menata-pemanfaatan-ruang-laut-untuk-keberkelanjutan-lingkungan/]

BPBD (Regional Disaster Management Agency) of Ternate Immediately Handles a Number of Talud Damaged by Sea Wave Abrasion

(March 11, 2021) The Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of Ternate City, North Maluku promised to immediately deal with the damage to a number of talud damaged by abrasion due to sea waves in the past week. Currently, BPBD is preparing the financing and drawing it for immediate handling. "We will do the handling quickly and precisely," said Head of BPBD Ternate City, Arif A Gani, Wednesday (10/3/2021).

[https://maluku.inews.id/berita/bpbd-ternate-segera-tangani-sejumlah-talud-yang-rusak-akibat-abrasi-gelombang-air-laut]

Research: Even though threatened, coral reefs are still abundant

(March 12, 2021) A recent study, which counted half a trillion coral reef colonies between Indonesia and French Polynesia, found that most of the planet's corals will not be endangered in the near future. Coral reefs damaged by heat waves and eroded by acidic seawater are an ecological nightmare. But coral reefs are not a homogeneous whole; they are a conglomeration of coral reef species. For this species, it may still be safe in large numbers and ranges.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/12/riset-meski-terancam-terumbu-karang-keberadaannya-masih-berlimpah/]

Valuable Objects Under the Sea Are Not Treasures, But Cultural Heritage

(March 12, 2021) Since the 7th century, when the Sriwijaya Union controlled maritime trade, until the colonial period in the 19th century, there were hundreds of thousands to millions of ships crossing the seas of the Archipelago [Indonesia]. During these 12 centuries, the seas of the archipelago became the graves of sunken ships. Starting from merchant ships from the Middle East, China, Portugal, VOC [Verenide Oost-Indische Compagnie], the Netherlands, Spain, England, Japan, and others. These sunken ships contained a variety of cargoes, both the result of trade and looting in the archipelago.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/12/benda-berharga-di-bawah-laut-itu-bukan-harta-karun-tapi-cagar-budaya/]

KKP Explores the Causes of Mass Stranded Marine Mammals in Indonesia

(March 7, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) is collaborating with several institutions and a number of marine experts in order to investigate a number of cases of the causes of mass stranded marine mammals in various regions in Indonesia. "This is done to anticipate that a similar incident (such as a mass stranded pilot whale in Madura) will not happen again in the future," said Director General of Marine Space Management of the KKP, Tb Haeru Rahayu, in a written statement in Jakarta, Sunday.

[https://nusadaily.com/metro/kkp-mendalami-penyebab-mamalia-laut-terdampar-massal-di-indonesia.html]

Is the Concept of Maritime Resilience Important for Indonesia?

(March 8, 2021) Indonesia's maritime territory, which is the border between countries, is considered to be a maritime area that is very vulnerable to the threat of various negative and dishonorable actions carried out by transnational individuals. Strong maritime resilience is required to be able to repel various threats. By having good maritime resilience, it is believed that it will be able to safeguard the country's defense territory in the marine waters of the archipelago. For this reason, a maritime resilience concept is needed that is well formulated by the Government of Indonesia.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/08/pentingkah-konsep-ketahanan-maritim-untuk-indonesia/]

National Fish Barn Indulge Large Scale Industry?

(March 12, 2021) The National Fish Barn Program (LIN), which has been launched by the Indonesian government and will be built in Maluku Province, will only legalize efforts to get rid of traditional and small-scale fishermen who have been dominating the province so far. This assessment was revealed by the People's Coalition for Fisheries Justice (KIARA) in response to the appointment of Waai Village, Salahutu District, Central Maluku Regency as the location for LIN development in Maluku. The program is carried out to boost fishery potential in the province.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/12/lumbung-ikan-nasional-manjakan-industri-skala-besar/]

The Great Atlantic Ocean Currents Are Changing, The Earth Is In Danger

(March 1, 2021) The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) ocean currents are very important in transporting heat from the tropics to the Northern Hemisphere. But new research shows that climate change could make AMOC shut down sooner than we think. It could have large and large-scale impacts on the planet in terms of weather patterns, disrupting agricultural patterns, biodiversity and economic stability around the world affected by AMOC. The problem is the speed at which the Earth is heating up and melting ice at the Arctic. This speed of temperature rise poses a risk to AMOC activity. "This is alarming news," said physicist Johannes Lohmann, of the University of Copenhagen in Denmark as quoted by Science Alert.

[https://sains.sindonews.com/read/350966/766/arus-besar-laut-samudera-atlantik-berubah-bumi-dalam-bahaya-1614603825]

Factors that cause the occurrence of sea water movement

(March 2, 2021) The movement of sea water is not always the same, sometimes it can be horizontal, vertical or a combination of both. This can happen because there are factors that influence it. The movement of sea water is the movement or transfer of water masses from one place to another. This movement of water often occurs and has become a natural thing. Ocean currents are movements of seawater that have permanent or irregular transitions. Generally caused by winds, different salt levels of sea water, differences in temperature, tides or ebbs of sea water, and compensating currents or charging currents. To make it easier to identify, the names of ocean currents are given according to the movements of these currents. For example, east current means the current is moving eastward, and so on.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/24/ini-upaya-bersama-rehabilitasi-mangrove-dalam-meredam-dampak-perubahan-iklim/]

IPB Lecturers Introduce Remote Sensing to Overcome Marine Garbage Problems

(March 3, 2021) Lecturer at the Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Riza Aitiando Pasaribu, introduced remote sensing technology to solve the problem of waste that affects the sea as a source of life. This lecturer at the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK) IPB explained the importance of a campaign on cleanliness. According to him, when talking about marine debris, it must be seen from the upstream or land, because downstream or the sea, it will depend on what happens from the land. Through remote sensing technology, plastic waste on the coast and at sea can be detected. "Research using remote sensing technology or what is called remote sensing to detect plastic waste in the sea is still being developed. Therefore, we must take a role in the development of this technology. Especially because Indonesia is the world's second largest contributor of marine waste, "said Riza.

[https://www.medcom.id/pendidikan/riset-penelitian/yKXD3j4K-dosen-ipb-kenalkan-remote-sensing-untuk-atasi-masalah-sampah-di-laut]

Research: Types of Trash on the Coast Become a Portrait of Land Conditions

( February 24, 2021) Two researchers conducted a series of research on plastic waste in Indonesia's oceans to prove the results of Jenna R Jambeck's research from the University of Giorgia (2010) which states that the second-largest amount of marine plastic waste in the world is in the Indonesian oceans. Even though Indonesia is not the largest plastic waste producer, Jambeck's research states that around 12 metric tons per year enter the Indonesian oceans from 415 metric tons globally.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/24/riset-jenis-sampah-di-pesisir-jadi-potret-kondisi-daratan/]

This is a Joint Effort to Rehabilitate Mangroves in Mitigating the Impacts of Climate Change

(February 24, 2021) Mangroves play a role in national mitigation and adaptation resilience to climate change because mangroves store carbon 800-1200 tonnes carbon equivalent / ha or 4-5 times that of terrestrial forests. The Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment is the coordinator for mangrove rehabilitation in Indonesia along with other institutions such as the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, KKP and BRGM


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/24/ini-upaya-bersama-rehabilitasi-mangrove-dalam-meredam-dampak-perubahan-iklim/]

Garbage at Sea Impact of Handling Failure on Land

(March 1, 2021) The city of Bogor in West Java and the city of Banjarmasin in South Kalimantan are considered to be two regions that are quite consistent in reducing plastic waste from the prohibition of giving plastic bags. Although other regions also have similar regulations, law enforcement and consistency are key. Hermawan Some, the Steering Committee for the Zero Waste Indonesia Alliance (AZWI) and the Surabaya Zero Waste Coordinator in an online discussion "Tracing the Invasion of Marine Debris" on Saturday (13/2/2021) organized by BaleBengong and Warmadewa Research Center, warned that the source of waste in the sea is garbage in unmanaged land.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/03/01/sampah-di-laut-dampak-kegagalan-penanganan-di-darat/]

Become a Large-Scale Mangrove Nursery Location and the Mangrove Center of Excellence, Brebes is predicted to be the center of the world's mangroves

( February 23, 2021) The Government has selected and is preparing Brebes Regency, Central Java Province as the location for Large-Scale Mangrove Nursery and Mangrove Center of Excellence. Therefore, Brebes is also predicted to become or become the center of mangroves in the world. Regarding this, the Expert Staff of the Minister (SAM) for Connectivity Management of the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment (CMMAI) Sahat Manaor Panggabean said that Indonesia is indeed known as a country that has the largest mangroves in the world. However, it must be realized that the level of environmental damage is also high and so far mangroves have not been used very intensely.

[https://maritim.go.id/menjadi-lokasi-persemaian-mangrove-skala-besar-mangrove-center/]

Should Ports Participate in Handling Marine Debris?

(February 22, 2021) Indonesia's marine area must fight against plastic waste which continues to increase in number every year. Of the total 6.8 million tons of plastic waste that Indonesia produces annually, 0.62 million tons are estimated to enter the sea, rivers and / or lakes. The data was officially released by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) in 2019. In general, national waste production can reach 64 million tons annually or reach 175 thousand tons per day. With such a large amount, not all of the plastic waste produced can be managed properly. From the data released by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, it is estimated that 70 percent of the total 6.8 million plastic waste is known to have been managed properly.

according to the Coordinating Deputy for Environmental Management and Forestry of the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Nani Hendiarti, of all plastic waste produced every year, 0.62 million tonnes cannot be managed properly.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/22/perlukah-pelabuhan-ikut-tangani-sampah-laut/]

This is an Effort to Restore Mangrove Ecosystems for Coastal Sustainability

(February 25, 2021) The mangrove forest rehabilitation program (mangrove) will last for three years from 2021 to 2024. This activity refers to Presidential Regulation Number 120 of 2020 concerning the Peat and Mangrove Restoration Agency. For three years, mangrove rehabilitation activities will be carried out in nine provinces with a total area of ​​600,000 hectares. For starters, rehabilitation is planned to be carried out on 150,000 hectares of land throughout 2021. The Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan said that the mangrove area that will be the focus for the rehabilitation program is the land that is in critical condition and prone to tsunami natural disasters.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/25/ini-upaya-memulihkan-ekosistem-bakau-untuk-keberlanjutan-pesisir/]

Director General of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries: Marine cultivation priority for the development of the fisheries sector

( February 18, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) Director General of Aquaculture, Slamet Soebjakto, stated that aquaculture in the Indonesian marine area is one of the priorities for the development of the fisheries sector which is being promoted by the MMAF. "Marine cultivation is a policy priority for the development of national aquaculture in the future, given the large potential that has not been optimally utilized up to now," said Slamet Soebjakto in a press release in Jakarta, Thursday.

[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2005801/dirjen-kkp-budi-daya-laut-prioritas-pembangunan-sektor-perikanan]

Hoping Hundreds of Islands in Bangka Belitung to Stay Awake

(February 20, 2021) The utilization of coastal space and small islands [Bangka Belitung Islands] should be carried out in a sustainable manner. The impact is minimized, even transformed into something that is not dangerous. For example, organic food waste can be decomposed in the soil to reduce odor and turn it into fertilizer. "Technology is developing, to make human activities more environmentally friendly. Aquaculture, such as ponds on land, can use a wastewater treatment plant [IPAL] to treat wastewater before it is discharged back into its original waters. "


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/20/berharap-ratusan-pulau-di-bangka-belitung-tetap-terjaga/]

UGM Lecturers Develop Sea Sponge and Essential Oil as Anti-infection

(February 20, 2021) As a maritime country, Indonesia has a lot of marine wealth. Various studies have found innovations or breakthroughs from the wealth of natural resources in Indonesia's seas. This research is expected to be beneficial for human survival. Especially in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic, a solution is needed so that current conditions can improve. For example, overcoming infection can be done by modulating the social interaction of microorganisms. So that the biofilm becomes one of the social products of microorganisms. Biofilms are formed by communities of microorganisms that attach to a surface in an aqueous environment.

[https://www.kompas.com/edu/read/2021/02/20/201842171/dosen-ugm-kembangkan-spons-laut-dan-minyak-atsiri-sebagai-antiinfeksi?page=all]

Seawater-based cultivation is trying to be implemented in Buleleng Bali

( February 17, 2021) Seawater-based cultivation or the marine aqua agriculture system has begun to be implemented in Buleleng, Bali, in the last four months which is expected to be successful so that it can be replicated in a wider area. "We are making a breakthrough in seawater-based polyculture, the main commodities are grouper, lobster, and sea grapes. This is starting to show very good results," said Elon Farm researcher Joel, Wednesday.

[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2004033/budi-daya-berbasis-air-laut-coba-diterapkan-di-buleleng-bali]

US-Indonesia Successfully Run Marine Conservation and Sustainable Fisheries Program

(February 17, 2021) The United States Government together with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) on Wednesday (17/2/2021) celebrated the success of marine conservation and sustainable fisheries efforts achieved through the United States Sustainable Ecosystem Advanced (USAID SEA) Program for the United States Agency for International Development.


[https://www.liputan6.com/global/read/4485652/as-indonesia-sukses-jalankan-program-konservasi-laut-dan-perikanan-berkelanjutan]

BMKG: Beware of Four Meter High Waves in the Maluku Sea

(February 18, 2021) The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) of the Ambon Maritime Meteorology Station issued an early warning of high waves reaching four meters in the Maluku Sea which took effect February 18-19, 2021. "High waves of 2.5 meters to four meters are likely to occur in the Arafuru Sea, which poses a risk to shipping safety," said Ambon Ashar Class IV Maritime Meteorological Station Head in Ambon, Maluku Province.

[https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/bmkg-waspadai-gelombang-tinggi-empat-meter-di-laut-maluku.html]

Hot Sea Temperature, MMAF Develops Applications for Fishing

( February 14, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) continues to observe an increase in temperature that causes climate change in various parts of the world. The Ministry of MMAF estimates that the increase in temperature is definitely an increase in the acidity of marine waters and it affects the marine fishery ecosystem as it moves towards a more suitable habitat. Head of the KKP's Human Resources Research Agency (BRSDM), Sjarief Widjaja explained that based on data from The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2018, all countries are asked to prevent extreme climate disasters that occur due to global warming with a maximum temperature increase of 1.5° C. It is targeted to be implemented before 2030.

[https://www.viva.co.id/berita/nasional/1348218-suhu-laut-makin-panas-kkp-kembangkan-aplikasi-untuk-tangkap-ikan]

The MMAF Encourages Research Related to The Marine Health Index

(February 11, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) encourages awareness-related research to increase the marine health index so that it can improve the quality of national water areas and create richer marine and fishery resources. "The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries encourages advanced research related to the marine health index, which will be introduced to stakeholders," said Head of Research and Human Resources Ministry Sjarief Widjaja in a Webinar Building Fisheries Resilient to Climate Change in Jakarta, Thursday.


[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/1994312/kkp-dorong-riset-terkait-indeks-kesehatan-laut]

This is the MMAF's Effort to Maintain a Sustainable Ocean, Encouraging a Mobile Economy

(February 12, 2021) The expansion of marine conservation areas is one of the focuses being pursued by the Government of Indonesia in 2021. The area of ​​the conservation area is expected to exceed the current total area of ​​24.11 million hectares throughout Indonesia. This year, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) has set a target of increasing the area of ​​marine conservation areas to reach 800 thousand ha. These targets are in line with global commitments, namely Aichi Target 11 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 14.

[https://nasional.sindonews.com/read/334836/15/tangkal-pandemi-dengan-biota-laut-1613304140]

Sea Levels Rise at an Alarming Rate

( February 9, 2021) Sea level rise is at an alarming level due to climate change. Ocean Science (OS), an international scientific journal, writes that disruption of greenhouse gas concentrations changes the balance of energy fluxes between the atmosphere and sea level, as well as the balance of mass fluxes to and from glacier ice. British scientists have issued a similar warning in new research that the rate of loss of ice worldwide matches a worst-case scenario for a climate problem. A team from Edinburgh and Leeds and the University College London said that the rate of melting ice in all the arctic and mountainous regions of the world has increased sharply in the last three decades.

[https://www.republika.co.id/berita/qo81es423/permukaan-laut-naik-pada-tingkat-mengkhawatirkan]

President Jokowi Targets Maluku LIN Program to Operate in 2023

(February 9, 2021) The Central Government is serious about working on Maluku Province to become a National Fish Barn (LIN) with an operational target in 2023. The Minister of KKP (Ministry of Marine Affairs), the Minister of Transportation and the Head of BKPM visited the Integrated Port as an LIN development in Liang and Waai Villages, Central Maluku Regency, Friday (5/2/2021). Ministry of Marine Affairs and the Ministry of Transportation will also prepare basic infrastructure development, both for transportation ports, fishing port areas and fisheries industry. KKP Minister Wahyu Sakti Trenggono together with the Governor of Maluku released 53.6 tons of fresh tuna to three destination countries, namely Japan, Vietnam and America.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/09/presiden-jokowi-targetkan-program-lin-maluku-beroperasi-2023/]

Prevent Pandemic with Marine Biota

(February 15, 2021) A number of Indonesian researchers have succeeded in developing marine biota research as an immunity supplement ingredient. This finding is a new hope because it is believed to be able to strengthen people's resilience in the midst of the pressure of the Covid-19 pandemic. One of the marine biota research was developed by researchers from the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK) IPB University. This research combines four components of marine life as the basic ingredients for strengthening the immune system, namely mangroves or mangroves, macroalgae in the form of seaweed, microalgae, and sea cucumbers. The four components are then extracted and the result is mixed with fish oil to form an emulsion (liquid).

[https://nasional.sindonews.com/read/334836/15/tangkal-pandemi-dengan-biota-laut-1613304140]

The Last 6 Months Kuta Beach 4 Times of Abrasion

( February 5, 2021) Based on the records of the Kuta Traditional Village, in the last 6 months Kuta Beach had 4 abrasions. The last time was Kuta Beach, the abrasion was on Monday (1/2) morning. Bandesa Adat Kuta, I Wayan Wasista, said that due to the extreme weather, there was frequent abrasion of Kuta Beach. In his notes, in the last 6 months, the Kuta Beach tourist attraction has experienced 4 times of abrasion. “The main cause of abrasion on Kuta Beach is high tide. So, when the sea level rises, the sand on the coast is carried out to sea, "he said.

[https://www.nusabali.com/berita/89543/6-bulan-terakhir-pantai-kuta-4-kali-abrasi]

Marine Debris that makes it difficult for fishermen in Kedonganan

(February 7, 2021) The problem of fishermen is now increasing. After bad weather, high waves, decreased catches, now added pressure on marine debris on land and in the middle of the sea. Kedonganan Beach on Tuesday (2/2/2021) is a stretch of marine debris at least twice the size of a football field. Worse than Kuta Beach. Garbage is spread out on the beach from the fishing village to the beachside seafood restaurant area.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/02/07/sampah-laut-yang-menyulitkan-nelayan-kedonganan/]

The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Will Build Seaweed Centers in Eastern Indonesia

(February 8, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) will build a number of seaweed cultivation centers in several regions in eastern Indonesia by applying tissue culture techniques to develop these techniques. In 2020 the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries has distributed 192 tonnes of seaweed seed assistance to cultivators throughout Indonesia. Meanwhile, for 2021, the KKP targets to be able to distribute 200 tons of seaweed seed aid and 100 packages of seaweed seed garden assistance.

[https://www.medcom.id/ekonomi/bisnis/ybDVAoXK-kkp-bakal-bangun-sentra-rumput-laut-di-indonesia-bagian-timur]

Research in the field of marine geology is seen as a solution to land resource problems

(January 31, 2021) The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources held the inauguration of Research Professor in Marine Geology for Principal Researcher, Hananto Kurnio in Bandung (26/1/2021). The researcher of the Center for Research and Development of Marine Geology presented a speech entitled "Indications, Potentials and Prospects of Marine Mineral Resources" in front of the Inauguration Council of Research Professors of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI).

[https://www.liputan6.com/bisnis/read/4471447/riset-bidang-geologi-kelautan-dipandang-sebagai-solusi-permasalahan-sumber-daya-di-darat]

Preventing Beach Abrasion, KKP Supports Mangrove Conservation in Pasuruan

(February 1, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) is building a mangrove nursery in Pasuruan Regency. This development is carried out to meet the availability of mangrove seedlings for the needs of mangrove nurseries, nurseries, planting and rehabilitation.

The development of a mangrove nursery in Pasuruan is carried out through the Directorate General of Marine Spatial Management (Ditjen PRL) using the Additional Budget (ABT) for the National Economic Recovery Program (PEN) for the 2020 Fiscal Year. The nursery area reaches 3,093 m2 with 500,000 seedlings of the Rhizophora species. sp.

[https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5356934/cegah-abrasi-pantai-kkp-dukung-pelestarian-mangrove-di-pasuruan]

BMKG Detects South Sea Waves in Yogyakarta and Central Java Reach 6 Meters

(February 04, 2021) The Geophysical Meteorology and Climatology Agency (BMKG) stated that apart from the phenomenon of heavy rain and extreme weather hitting the Yogyakarta and Central Java regions, the condition of the southern coastal waters of the region also deserves to be watched out for. According to the BMKG, on Thursday, February 4, 2021 (valid for 24 hours), the waves of Yogyakarta waters were in the high category, namely in the 2.5-4 meter range, while the Indian Ocean south of Central Java was in the very high category ranging from 4-6 meters .

[https://tekno.tempo.co/read/1429721/bmkg-deteksi-gelombang-laut-selatan-yogyakarta-dan-jateng-capai-6-meter/full&view=ok]

One Village in Pekalongan Almost Lost Due to tidal flooding

(January 27, 2021) A hamlet in Pekalongan Regency, Central Java, almost disappeared, drowned by abrasion and tidal flooding. The local district government has also provided one hectare of land for the relocation of dozens of family heads. Dozens of families live in Simonet Hamlet, Semut Village, Wonokerto District, Pekalongan Regency, Central Java. Everyday, they have to live hard with tidal flooding and land that is constantly being eroded by the sea, even the beaches that were previously quite far are now close to residential areas.


[https://www.medcom.id/nasional/daerah/lKYw53Jb-satu-dusun-di-pekalongan-nyaris-hilang-akibat-rob]

BMKG: Beware of high waves in Indonesian waters

(January 26, 2021 The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) warned of the potential for high waves of between 1.5 to 4 meters in a number of waters in Indonesia on January 27-29. Head of the BMKG Maritime Meteorology Center, Eko Prasetyo, said that the wind patterns in northern Indonesia generally move from the North-Northeast with wind speeds ranging from 5-25 knots. "Meanwhile, in the southern part of Indonesia, generally moving from the West - Northwest with wind speeds ranging from 5 - 30 knots," he said in a written statement received in Surabaya, Tuesday.


[https://jatim.antaranews.com/berita/452056/bmkg-waspadai-gelombang-tinggi-di-perairan-indonesia]


Anticipating Menara Beach Abrasion, DLH Beltim Planted Sea Pine

(January 30, 2021) The East Environmental Service (DLH) carries out the planting of sea pine trees at Menara Beach, Baru Village, Manggar District, East Belitung. These efforts are to minimize and anticipate tidal waves and tidal flooding. The Beltim Environmental Service (DLH) carries out the planting of sea pine trees at Menara Beach, Baru Village, Manggar District, East Belitung. These efforts are to minimize and anticipate tidal waves and tidal flooding.

[https://kumparan.com/babelhits/antisipasi-abrasi-pantai-menara-dlh-beltim-tanam-cemara-laut-1v51FARICUX/full]

The Real Role of Pokmaswas in Flotim in Saving Marine Ecosystems

(January 23, 2021) Pokmaswas is tasked with providing information on illegal fishing and destructive fishing activities carried out by fishing communities as well as about mangrove logging, coral destruction and the capture of protected marine animals. After four years running, the presence of Pokmaswas has a positive impact because there is an increase in understanding and the role of the community in monitoring the continued use of marine and fisheries resources wisely and wisely.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/23/peran-nyata-pokmaswas-di-flotim-menyelamatkan-ekosistem-laut/]

Abrasion Threatens Plantation Lands on the Coast of Bengkalis Island

(January 22, 2021) The beach on Bengkalis Island is a beach that is prone to abrasion. Because the north coast of this island is directly opposite the open ocean or the Strait of Malacca. This condition causes the waves that occur due to wind generation are quite large which can potentially cause coastal abrasion. To Prevent the rate of abrasion, some residents have also proposed using artificial soft structures.


[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/22/abrasi-ancam-lahan-perkebunan-di-pesisir-pulau-bengkalis/]


Caring for the Archipelago Sea Region with Science and Local Wisdom

( January 21, 2021) Efforts to continue to increase the extent of marine conservation areas are carried out by the Government of Indonesia in various ways. Throughout 2020, for example, the Government succeeded in establishing five new regional marine conservation areas (KKPD) that are scattered in various regions in Indonesia. The designation of the new KKPD has contributed to the expansion of marine conservation areas nationally according to the target set by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP).

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/21/merawat-wilayah-laut-nusantara-dengan-sains-dan-kearifan-lokal/]

Abrasion That Continues to Scrap the Island All Over

(January 14, 2021) Semujur Island is administratively included in the Village of Kebintik, Pangkalanbaru District, Central Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung Province. The area is 13 hectares. The population is around 240 people who live in 83 ironwood huts with bamboo walls. In the last 10 years, the island has experienced an abrasion. Formerly along the coastline of Pulau Semujur, there are many large mangroves, coconut, and ketapang trees. However, in the last few years, one by one the trees were lost due to the big waves.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/14/abrasi-yang-terus-menggerus-pulau-semujur-bagian-2/]

Warm Seawater Will Have a Negative Impact on Marine Biota

(January 20, 2021) Warming seawater has proven to have a negative impact on living creatures living in the oceans. A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science reveals that global warming, which causes sea water to warm, can reduce the ability of fish.

Especially in large fish species, to extract oxygen. As quoted from Futurity, Tuesday (19/1/2021) these findings are the result of a study that developed new modeling to determine how water temperature, oxygen availability, body size, and activity can influence metabolic oxygen demand in fish.


[https://borneo24.com/nasional/air-laut-yang-memanas-akan-berdampak-negatif-pada-biota-laut]



The Governor of Bangka Belitung began to look at the potential of Seaweed

( January 20, 2021) The Governor of Bangka Belitung Islands Province, Erzaldi Roesman, has begun to look at the potential for seaweed to be developed in his area. Apart from being suitable to be developed in Babylonian waters, seaweed is closely related to the development of processed materials made from porang as raw material, which is currently being promoted in Babel. Erzaldi Roesman saw and directly observed the location that would be used as a seaweed center in Babylon. The location is in Gusung Panjang, Batu Beriga Village, Lubuk Besar District, Central Bangka Regency.

[https://babel.inews.id/berita/gubernur-babel-mulai-lirik-potensi-rumput-laut]

Tidal Waves 3 Meters Lunge Manado, BMKG: Triggered by Strong Winds

(January 18, 2021) The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) said a tidal wave as high as 2-3 meters hit the business district in Manado City, North Sulawesi, Sunday (17/1/2021) was triggered by strong winds. Wind conditions, the peak on this day ranges from 15-30 knots or about 30-60 kilometers per hour. Until the next few days, there is still potential for strong winds to occur but the intensity is not as strong as today, the average is around 10-20 knots. "The wave height will gradually decrease starting tomorrow," said Sam Ratulangi Manado Meteorological Station Operational Coordinator, Ben Arther Molle in Manado.

[https://sulut.inews.id/berita/gelombang-pasang-3-meter-terjang-manado-bmkg-dipicu-angin-kencang]

Restoration of Coastal Ecosystems Centered from Mangrove Forests

(January 18, 2021) Degradation of coastal areas has become increasingly unavoidable in recent decades, mainly due to the physical development that has taken place in coastal areas and small islands. It is recorded that 640 thousand ha of mangrove ecosystem are in crisis, with a deforestation rate of 52 thousand ha per year. To restore coastal ecosystems, the Government of Indonesia, through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and KKP, has focused on restoring mangrove forests in mangrove forest areas in coastal areas in 34 provinces. KKP claims to have reforested 448.18 hectares of mangrove forest in 2020, or an area of ​​200 hectares more than the target.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/18/pemulihan-ekosistem-pesisir-berpusat-dari-hutan-bakau/]


Indonesia's Seabed Area Has Expanded Again

( January 14, 2021) The continental shelf is the seabed area that belongs to a country. In Indonesia, the continental shelf has expanded several times by adjusting the results of the latest scientific studies covering all the seabed areas in Indonesia. Most recently, Indonesia submitted a claim for the expansion of the continental shelf area to the United Nations and this was proven by a document prepared by the National Team for the Determination of Indonesia's Continental Shelf beyond 200 nautical miles. With claims based on scientific studies, Indonesia's continental shelf area has increased by 211,397.7 square kilometers covering the southwestern area of ​​the island of Sumatra in the investigator zone and Wharton fossil region.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/14/wilayah-dasar-laut-indonesia-bertambah-luas-lagi/]

The Spirit of Protecting the Sea on Semujur Island

(January 13, 2020) Semujur Island is an island on the east coast of Bangka Regency, to the north is the South China Sea. In the past, Pulau Semujur was the home of the Sekak Sea Tribe which during the New Order era was moved to Baskara Bakti Village.

The people of Pulau Semujur understand that the island must be preserved. The fishermen here, even though they are migrants, still keep the sea clean. They are committed not to use destructive fishing equipment, such as trawlers, trawlers, or fish bombs.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/13/semangat-menjaga-laut-di-pulau-semujur-bagian-1/]

"Seaglider", Ocean Space, and Potential Threats

(January 13, 2021) As it is known that the seaglider finding was not the first after previously being discovered by an undersea unmanned vehicle in the waters of the Riau Islands and in East Java in January 2020. The seaglider found in Selayar is said to have the ability to analyze oceanography or commercial research interests and even collect strategic data. which can be used in support of marine operations using submarines.

[https://sites.google.com/d/1X_2SYxLOcCpR60MOHs-xgvJZjddqzlhS/p/1pkIYNJFL72o3yXn7aGTHqGCr652Io65l/edit]


The Importance of Public Awareness of Coastal and Marine Cleanliness

( January 14, 2021) Indonesia has the beauty and diversity of beaches and seas from various regions. Which is rarely found in other countries, because Indonesia is a maritime country which has a larger water area than land. Besides having beauty, beaches and seas have very diverse marine life and become a source of food and income for the surrounding community. Not infrequently there are many domestic tourists and foreign tourists who travel to Indonesia to see the beauty of the beach and sea.

[https://www.kompasiana.com/jeniirnawati/5fff275dd541df421d58a7b5/pentingnya-kesadaran-masyarakat-terhadap-kebersihan-pantai-dan-laut]

South Korea Helps to look for fractional body parts from Sriwijaya Air

(January 11, 2021) The South Korean government provided assistance regarding the search for the Sriwijaya Air SJ-182 fuselage that crashed in the waters of the Thousand Islands on Saturday (9/1). The assistance is in the form of a research boat and a device to detect conditions under the sea. The two equipments are operated by experts from the Korea-Indonesia Marine Technology Cooperation Research Center (MTCRC). MTCRC is a research and training center built on the cooperation of the two countries in September 2018.

[https://www.republika.co.id/berita/qmrlte459/korsel-bantu-pencarian-puing-pesawat-sriwijaya-air]

Preventing Beach Abrasion, KKP Supports Mangrove Conservation in Pasuruan

(February 01, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) is building a mangrove nursery in Pasuruan Regency. This development is carried out to meet the availability of mangrove seedlings for the needs of mangrove nurseries, nurseries, planting and rehabilitation. The development of mangrove nurseries in Pasuruan is carried out through the Directorate General of Marine Spatial Management (Ditjen PRL) using the Additional Budget (ABT) for the National Economic Recovery Program (PEN) for the 2020 Fiscal Year.

[https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5356934/cegah-abrasi-pantai-kkp-dukung-pelestarian-mangrove-di-pasuruan]


BMKG Detects South Sea Waves in Yogyakarta and Central Java Reach 6 Meters

( January 11, 2021) From Cirebon, ARA research vessel sailed to the area around the Thousand Islands. Even though it is small, its role could be big, chasing the Sriwijaya Airplane that is thought to have crashed there. The research vessel, which is the collaboration of the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment with the Korea Marine Technology Cooperation Research Center, is able to detect underwater conditions up to a depth of 100 meters. This capability is expected to assist in the search for the Sriwijaya Air SJ-182 aircraft that crashed in the Thousand Islands.

[https://bebas.kompas.id/baca/nusantara/2021/01/11/misi-mulia-si-kecil-mencari-yang-besar-di-kepulauan-seribu/]

How to Build a Protection Fortress for the Archipelago Sea

(January 8, 2021) Maintaining the potential of marine resources in Indonesian waters is a difficult task for the Government of Indonesia and all relevant stakeholders to do. This task has a special purpose because it aims to protect the marine area of ​​the archipelago.

With an area of ​​marine waters that reaches 6.4 million square kilometers, Indonesia does have a lot of potential for rich marine biodiversity. This profit is then added to the long coastline which reaches 108 km2.

For Researcher of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2O LIPI) Research Center for Oceanography, Hagi Yulia Sugeha, this potential wealth has been used as a natural laboratory for various scientific studies on biodiversity.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/08/cara-membangun-benteng-perlindungan-untuk-laut-nusantara/]


Luhut orders to send sophisticated boat to find fractional body parts from Sriwijaya Air SJ182 aircraft

(January 10, 2021) The Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment Luhut Pandjaitan ordered the delivery of the ARA boat research and training vessel to support the search for the Sriwijaya Air SJ182 aircraft. The boat has a number of advanced features in carrying out the process of searching for objects at a depth of below 100 meters. The research vessel of the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment is the result of collaboration between Indonesia and the Korea Marine Technology Cooperation Research Center (MTCRC). The fleet has advanced GPS radars with technologies such as Multi Beam Echosounder, Dual Channel Single Beam Echosounder, Sub Bottom Profiler for viewing conditions on the seabed, CTD and sensors for PH measurement, and Grab Sampler.

[https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1421927/luhut-perintahkan-kirim-kapal-canggih-cari-puing-pesawat-sriwijaya-air-sj182]

Assisting the Search for Sriwijaya Air SJ 182, the Coordinating Ministry for Marves Deployed ARA Boat

( January 3, 2021) Currently, the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs is trying to coordinate with related institutions to conduct search and evacuation by preparing the ARA Boat research vessel assistance to the location of the plane's missing point of contact. "Collaborating with an international research agency in collaboration with Indonesia and the Korea Marine Technology Cooperation Research Center ( MTCRC), we want to help with this evacuation process. We have research vessels or survey vessels that have advanced GPS radars with technologies such as MultiBeam Echosounder, Dual Channel Single Beam Echosounder, Sub Bottom Profiler to see conditions on the seabed, CTD and sensors for PH measurement, and Grab Sampler. This ship is ready to depart from Cirebon with a ship size of 12 meters with a capacity of 8 crew members, " Mr. Safri said.

[https://www.timesindonesia.co.id/read/news/320544/bantu-pencarian-sriwijaya-air-sj-182-kemenko-marves-kerahkan-ara-boat]


Bali Sea is More Beautiful with Thousands of Coral Structures

(January 3, 2021) The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) through the Indonesian Coral Reef Garden (ICRG) program has drowned thousands of coral structures that are beneficial to marine ecosystems to decorate Bali's underwater. Based on KKP data, until December 20, 2020, 63,964 units of ICRG were sunk, consisting of 26,350 units of Nusa Dua, 10,177 units of Pandawa, 7,270 units of Sanur, 7,475 units of Serangan, and 12,692 units of Buleleng

[https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/4447635/laut-bali-makin-cantik-dengan-ribuan-struktur-karang#]


This is West Kalimantan's Effort to Become the World Mangrove Center

(January 6, 2021) The Indonesian Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Luhut Binsar Panjaitan, designated West Kalimantan (Kalbar) as a mega mangrove project. The total area of ​​mangroves to be cultivated is 80 thousand hectares. In West Kalimantan, there are 177,023,738 hectares of mangrove forests spread across seven districts and the most extensive is in Kubu Raya Regency with an area of ​​129,604,125 hectares. The potential area of ​​this mangrove forest can make West Kalimantan a World Mangrove Center.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/06/ini-upaya-kalimantan-barat-untuk-jadi-pusat-mangrove-dunia/]


New Year 2021, Harvesting Marine Debris Again in Bali

( January 3, 2021) Harvesting marine debris on Kuta Beach has started at the end of December 2020, especially after heavy rains. Although many regulations for reducing single-use packaging have been made, they are toothless without enforcement action. Researchers have provided a big picture of the movement of garbage in the sea, the types of garbage that are stranded, the length of time the particles are in the waters, to the impact of microplastic contamination on seafood. The pressure on marine animals is getting higher and the threat of marine pollution in the future.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2021/01/03/tahun-baru-2021-panen-sampah-laut-lagi-di-bali/]


Here's the Mitigation of the Potential Tsunami in Southern Java

(December 30, 2020) The southern coast of Java has the potential for earthquake and tsunami disasters. The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) and the Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (PVMBG) are researching the potential of tsunamis for disaster mitigation. One of them is PVMBG conducted a tsunami sedimentation study in Java Island.

[https://www.mongabay.co.id/2020/12/30/begini-mitigasi-potensi-tsunami-selatan-jawa/]


Building a superior and sustainable defense force from under the sea

(January 4, 2021) As an archipelagic country, underwater defense forces are important for Indonesia. We need to look at various events that have the potential to become a threat from under the sea. There are at least three underwater drone discoveries in the past year that need to be assessed as a threat.

[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/1926704/membangun-kekuatan-pertahanan-unggul-dan-sustainable-dari-bawah-laut]



Sukabumi earthquake triggered by a seabed fault

( January 5, 2021) The Sukabumi region, West Java was rocked by a tectonic earthquake with a magnitude of 4.3 to be precise on Tuesday, January 5, 2021, at 22.13.08 WIB.

The epicenter of this earthquake is located at the coordinates of 7.22 South Latitude and 106.13 East Longitude or to be precise in the sea at a distance of 34 km southwest of Bayah, Banten at a depth of 14 kilometers.

[https://www.kompasiana.com/rudiimelda/5ff49d03d541df5112586f12/gempa-sukabumi-dipicu-sesar-dasar-laut]

The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) supports the use of marine biopharmacology by business man

(December 20, 2020) The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries supports the use of marine biopharmacology by distributing assistance for biopharmacological processing facilities worth Rp. 99.8 million to processing and marketing groups in Bintan, Riau Islands.

"Assistance is in the form of supporting equipment for processing to marketing coffee featuring sea horse species," said Expert Staff to the Ministry of Ecology and Marine Resources at the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Pamuji Lestari in a press release in Jakarta, Sunday.

[https://www.antaranews.com/berita/1905516/kkp-dukung-pemanfaatan-biofarmakologi-laut-oleh-pelaku-usaha]

Exploration of Pigments from the Underwater World

(December 22, 2020) Pigment or color is a source of basic ingredients that can be applied in several aspects, such as food coloring, garments, pharmaceuticals, and medicines. However, the presence of synthetic pigments poses a threat to consumers, for example, dyes in food and beverages, because it can cause the emergence of several diseases in the long term.

Synthetic materials are easy to make, obtain, and use, but the after-effects can damage systems in human organs. The dangers of this synthetic material have been of concern to some researchers. Researchers are starting to look at natural sources of pigments or "back to nature" such as plants, fruits, and vegetables because of the potential benefits and are safer in their use.

[https://www.kompasiana.com/paulusdamar/5fe1367c8ede48681332b518/eksplorasi-pigmen-dari-dunia-bawah-laut]



Republic of Indonesia’s Commitment to Transforming Sustainable Marine Management Tested

(December 23, 2020) Sustainable marine management is a commitment that the Government of Indonesia needs to prove in the next five years. The sustainability of the sea not only has an impact on the preservation of resources but also brings great economic benefits.

The Agenda for Transformation towards a Sustainable Marine Economy was agreed upon by 14 countries in the High-Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy (Ocean Panel) on 3 December 2020. The countries are Indonesia, Australia, Canada, Chile, Ghana, Jamaica, Japan, Fiji, Kenya, Mexico. , Namibia, Norway, Palau, and Portugal. The agenda includes 74 priority actions that focus on five areas, namely wealth, health, justice, finance, and marine knowledge.

[https://www.kompas.id/baca/ekonomi/2020/12/23/komitmen-ri-atas-transformasi-pengelolaan-laut-berkelanjutan-diuji/]