Ariana Valentin Interview

By: Kyah Ceci 

Q1: How are you doing today?

A: I’m doing great.

Q2: How do you like being a sophomore at Valley STEM + ME2?

A: I absolutely love it.

Q3: How do you feel being apart of the MIT Grant?

A: Excited because people can see how much effort and work we put forward into creating an invention for real-world problems around the world.

Q4: What are you looking forward to next year?

A: I’m looking forward to meeting new people, learning more things that will help me with my future career.

Q5: What do your hobbies consist of?

A: Exercising, basketball, writing, and any other physical activity honestly.

Q6: How do you like basketball this season?

A: I actually really enjoyed it, we had new coaches and younger girls that tried out. It was really fun getting to know everyone and challenging each other to make ourselves better players. We lost some games but we won some too but at the end of it all it was sad seeing our seniors leave.

Q7: What are your goals for next year

A: My goals for next year are to learn self-respect and discipline. Work harder and set higher standards also make some more friends.

All About Cancer

By: Jordyn Loveland

All about cancer. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy the body tissue. Most common types of cancer are breast cancer, prostate cancer, basal cell cancer, melanoma, colon cancer, lung cancer, leukemia, and lymphoma. There are over 100 types of cancer and any part of the body can be affected. In 2012 there were about 13.7 million Americans with a history of cancer. Over two million skin cancers are diagnosed every year, many of them can be preventable by taking precautions.

Tobacco use is the single largest preventable cause of cancer in the world. It causes 22% of cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society estimated that in 2013 174,100 cancer deaths will be caused by tobacco. Anyone can be diagnosed with cancer, however, the risk of getting it increases with age. Most cases occur in middle-aged adults or even older. About 77% of cancers are diagnosed in people ages 55 or older. In the U.S. cancer is the second most common cause of death. It accounts for almost 1 in 4 deaths, heart disease is number 1.

Excluding skin cancer, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women. The most common cancers in men are prostate, lung, and colorectal ( colon ) cancer. For women, it is breast, colon cancer, and lung. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of death among women and men.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Cally Brown

Osteogenesis Imperfecta is a bone disease, which can also be called brittle bone disease. This disease has a range of intensity, which are labelled as 8 different types. OI occurs when someone has too little collagen genes. Collagen produces connective tissues. When an individual has Osteogenesis Imperfecta, their bones break incredibly easily for no reason. Someone that lives with this disease will experience a couple hundred fractures in their entire lifetime.

Although there are many types of OI, the most common form is Type 1. This is the mildest form of the disease. There are many symptoms that come with this disease; Which include, but are not limited to, easy fracturing of bones, loose joints, possible hearing loss, brittle teeth, possible spinal curvature, and the whites of the eyes turning unusual colors. As stated, this is the least severe type, the others usually include much more intense symptoms. Unfortunately, Type 2 is the most severe, which is typically lethal at birth.

While Osteogenesis Imperfecta is a terrifying and difficult disease, it happens to be very rare. The exact amount of individuals who are affected by OI is unknown, but research shows that there may be anywhere around 30,000 cases in the US. Considering the rarity, there is no cure for Osteogenesis Imperfecta as of today. There have been clinical trials conducted, which are sets of research that allow humans with certain health issues to get treated. The outcomes decide whether it was effective or not. Unfortunately, clinical trials for OI have been inconclusive. There are treatments though. Healthy exercise and dieting are highly recommended by medical professionals everywhere. Smoking, drinking alcohol, and consuming mass amounts of caffeine are not something that patients with OI should take part in. There are a few drugs that might help with OI. A surgical procedure, which is called rodding, is putting metal rods within bones to make them stronger. This can also help with bone deformities.

Despite all of these unfortunate facts, those with OI can sometimes live long and successful lives. They have a chance of making friendships, having careers, and even doing sports. As time goes on, the hope for Osteogenesis Imperfecta is that there will be better long-term treatments, or even someday, a cure.

Gaven Rudiak's Interview

By: Cameron Lozier

Question 1: Who do you live with at home?

  • My grandma, my sister, my grandma’s boyfriend.

Question 2: What are your hobbies?

  • Video games and building stuff.

Question 3: What are you doing for your Genius Hour?

  • Watchmaking. I’m learning how a watch works and the history of them.

Question 4: What is different about STEM this year, compared to last year?

  • There are more rules and it is stricter.

Question 5: Why did you decide to go to STEM last year, and why did you decide to stay this year?

  • I was interested in what STEM could offer. I stayed because I liked it last year and thought I could learn more.

Question 6: Have you made friends with any freshman?

  • No.

Question 7: What semester classes did you take this year, and what do you think of them?

  • Robotics and Manufacturing Operations. They are better organized.

Question 8: Do you have any good memories of STEM?

  • The picnics we have at the beginning and end of the year.

Question 9: Are you going to be on the TC side next year? If so, what labs are you interested in?

  • Yes. Software Engineering and advanced manufacturing.

Question 10: What is your favorite game on Xbox?

  • Rainbow SIx Siege.

The Greatest Samurai

By: Jacob Spin

Throughout history, there have great legendary stories of a soldier using unique tactics to win but one of the most underrated one of them all has to be the story of Miyamoto Musashi. Musashi was a very renowned man, he was a multitude of things including being a Japanese swordsman, Rōnin, philosopher, strategist, and writer. He was a very prestigious man in his lifetime he was given the title of "Unrivaled Under Heaven" meaning he was the greatest swordsman in all of Japan, he received the title after beating the Yoshioka school which is the most prolific school in all of Japan for swordsmanship. This may seem like the greatest achievement he has but in fact, this is just the beginning of his career.

The story of Musashi is a tale of battle where he remained undefeated in all 61 of his duels and because of his unique fighting style.In this time period, it was very common for using one sword due to your ability to swing heavy and fast strikes with the help of two hands. With his tactics, it required his arms to work so much harder in need to reciprocate the same quick and heavy swings but with this, it opens tons of possibilities giving you an almost two on one fighting advantage where you are able to defend and attack all at once. With a new technique, he held many tactical advantages the main one being the element of surprise, with almost everyone in the world using one sword or katana to protect themselves it was very difficult to then match up against someone capable of using two katanas with extreme proficiency. This is the main reason that Musashi was able to go undefeated because most people were unable to adapt quick enough to know how to win against Musashi.

One of the great accomplishments that Murashi had come from his writing, The Book of 5 Rings is his most popular book, it is about how he sees the craft of war and how men pass through life in 5 different ways (gentlemen, warriors, farmers, artisans, and merchants). With this book being completed his life comes to an end only a little while after. Miyamoto Musashi who died at the age of 61 from what seemed to be lung cancer lived a very prestigious life, from his duels to his books to everything he did for the people of Japan to inspire them that innovation and testing new things can ultimately lead to your strongest asset. With all of this under his waist, he was gifted the prestigious title of Kensai, the sword saint of Japan only gifted to the strongest samurai ever lived and he has truly earned that title with his life that was able to impact thousands possibly millions.

Jean-Claude Van Damme

by:Hannah Torres-Philips

Jean Claude-Van Damme was born October 18,1960, Berchem-Sainte-Agathe,Brussels, Belgium. His birth name is Jean-Claude Camllie Francouis Van Varenberg. He has a few nicknames such as J.C and Muscles from Brussels. When he was eleven years old he started martial arts, which 5 years later he started a career in martial arts at 16. During that time, he beat the 2nd best fighter in Karate.

For six years he competed in full contact and semi contact fighting matches. In 1979 he traveled to Tampa Florida to fight his first American opponent. It was that opponent who was the first to knock out Jean-Claude. The opponent was Sherman Bigman ‘Big Train’, a kickboxer from Miami Florida. Jean-Claude's final match allowed the European team to win the championship.

His good looks and ability to fight drew producers towards Jean-Claude in most high-budget movies. Some movies are Lionheart, Universal Soldier, and Bloodsport.

Work Cited