The Fundamentals of Literacy
From the South Carolina College and Career Ready Standards
The Enhanced Balanced Literacy framework embeds the Fundamentals of Reading, Writing, and Communication: processes students must use and integrate to become successful and proficient readers, writers, and communicators.
Fundamentals of Reading
· Integrate an information (cueing) system that includes meaning (semantics), structure (syntax), visual (graphophonic), and pragmatics (schematic) to make meaning from text.
· Gain understanding by applying reading strategies of monitoring, searching, confirming, cross-checking, rereading, and self-correcting.
· Employ comprehension strategies before, during, and after reading text using schema, annotating, questioning, visualizing, drawing inferences, determining importance, summarizing, and synthesizing.
· Use metacognition to monitor meaning and adjust strategies while reading.
· Notice and analyze an author’s style and techniques to construct meaning.
Fundamentals of Writing
· Employ a recursive writing process that includes planning, drafting, revising, editing, rewriting, publishing, and reflecting.
· Produce writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, discipline, and audience.
· Use clear and coherent written language to accomplish a purpose such as learning, enjoyment, argument, and the exchange of information.
· Monitor progress throughout the writing process and adjust strategies as needed from independence to collaboration within a writing community.
· Incorporate author’s craft techniques observed from wide reading of anchor and mentor texts across disciplines to inform, explain, convince/argue, and entertain.
Fundamentals of Communication
· Employ a reciprocal communication process that includes planning, drafting, revising, editing, reviewing, presenting, and reflecting.
· Communicate using style, language, and nonverbal cues appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
· Use active and attentive communication skills; building on others' ideas to explore, learn, enjoy, argue, and exchange information.
· Monitor delivery and reception throughout the communication process and adjust approach and strategies as needed.
· Adjust speech, using standard English when indicated or appropriate in a variety of contexts and tasks for presenting or participating in the social exchange of ideas.
· Acquire vocabulary from multiple forms of communication; use newly acquired vocabulary to appropriately communicate in a variety of situations and contexts.
Students take ownership of their learning through personal understanding and implementation of the reading, writing, and communication processes. “As students use these processes with automaticity, they more successfully navigate new and challenging content and tasks” (South Carolina College and Career Ready Standards, 2015).