The Renaissance was another way of using the terms, "new birth" which announced the beginning of civilization in Europe. It was a sociopolitical movement that was believed to have started in Italy in the fourteenth century. People of the Renaissance showed much interest in learning the values of ancient Rome and Greece. During this time Fredrick II reigned between the years of 1215-1250. They were allowed personal observation of new things such as continents and the change from the Copernican system to the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, and the diminishing strength in the feudal system.