The Crusades

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought by the Christians from western Europe and the Muslim forces in the Holy Land. The first crusades began in 1095 when the Christians responded to the pope's plea to go to war and reclaim the Holy Lands. The whole point was to free Jerusalem from Islamic rule. There were 9 total crusades, most of them ended in victory but would then be recaptured by the Muslims after they left which is why there were so many Crusades. They lasted from 1095, to the last one ending in 1291