Paleolithic and Neolithic Periods
The Paleolithic period , which lasted from 2,000,000- 10,000 B.C.E., was also referred to as the "Stone Age". It is believed that during this time many tools were made of bone, wood, and stone. Approximately 700,000 years ago the hand axe appeared. This innovation sparked the use of "flake" tools where flakes of flint and other rocks were used. The first hand axe was use by the Abbevillian Industry. Art was also involved with this period including ivory figurines of women and an ivory flute.
The Neolithic period, which lasted from 9,000- 1,000 B.C.E., was also referred to as the "New Stone Age". This period was known for the agricultural revolution and humans beginning to build societies and civilizations. Humans grouped together and became more sedentary leaving their hunter-gatherer lifestyles to farm and domesticate animals. The animals could be used to help with crops. This was thought to originate in the Middle East in the "Fertile Crescent".
This is a Hunter-Gatherer society before the discovery of Agriculture. These people were nomadic.