The Egyptian Empire was the period between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC . It was Egypt's most prosperous time & marked the time of it power. For almost 30 centuries , from its unification around 3100 B.C. , ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization in the Mediterranean world. The first Egyptian in history was King Menes aka Narmer who lived shortly .before 3100 B.C. . At the time Egypt was divided into northern Egypt and southern. The ancient Egyptians did not ride on camels. The camel was not used regularly in Egypt until the very end of the dynastic age. Instead, the Egyptians used donkeys as beasts of burden, and boats as a highly convenient means of transport.