Living Environment

Ms. Gentile


Databases

To research your body system, use the database below. Databases normally cost money, but you can access these (and a few others) for free from our Library Website.

Click on one of the links below, and then click on "Use My Location". You can then access the database without a Username or Password from any location within New York State.

Once you are in the database, create a free personal account to save, organize, and annotate your favorite content and media. Then search for your assigned body system.

Use one the following editions of Encyclopedia Britannica:

Encyclopedia Britannica High School Edition has detailed, accurate articles on many subjects.

Encyclopedia Britannica Academic Edition (Search entries from Encyclopedia Britannica, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, magazines and periodicals, and primary source documents.)

Additional Sources

You also need to get information from at least one additional source.

There is a link on the left side of the Encyclopedia Britannica database for "Web's Best Sites". Start there to access Websites recommended by the database publishers, which means they are definitely Websites that can be trusted.

If a link is broken, try searching for its title on Google to see if you can find it that way.

If you still need additional information, you may use a Website that you find on your own. However, you are responsible for making sure that the site is completely reliable.

The First Hit Isn’t Always (or even usually) the Best!

Criteria for Evaluating Online Resources

To find VALID (trustworthy, fact-based, reliable) information,

check your Website for these 5 things:

1. Authority: Who says? How would they know? Who is the author of this Website? Is it an expert or a reputable company that employs experts?

2. Reliability: Is any information that you already know accurate? Is there a bibliography or references to trustworthy sources?

3. Objectivity: Is the information objective (fair, balanced, and fact-based) or biased (prejudiced/slanted to make you believe the author’s own opinions)? Who is sponsoring the Website? Could who the sponsor is have an effect on what is presented on the Website? What is the purpose/motive of the Website/article creator? (to inform? to instruct? to persuade? to sell you something?)

4. Currency (Timeliness): Is this information current? When was the site or page created? When was the last time the page was updated? How current are the links? (Broken links usually mean that the site is not regularly updated.) Does currency matter with your particular topic? (Ex: It may not matter much if you are reading an article about Ancient Greece, but it matters a lot if you are reading an article on Mars.)

5. Relevance: Is the information helpful and useful for completing your assignment or fulfilling your purpose? Does it fit your Essential Research Question or your information needs? Is it written at a reading level that you can understand? Is it presented in a way that suits your learning style and needs so that it will give you a clear understanding of the topic? All facts are not created equal! Just because it is a fact about your topic doesn’t mean that it fits your assignment or your needs!

The First Thing You Should Do to Check If a Website is Valid:

Click on the "About Us" section of the Website!

  • This section is usually located at the very bottom (or sometimes along the top or side) of the page. Reliable publishers should have an "About Us" section. Read up on the author or publisher and make sure that this is a legitimate source of information written and/or published by experts. For example, and article about burns should be written by a doctor or scientist.
  • If you can't find an "About Us" section, be suspicious. Google the name of the author and/or publisher to check up on them.
  • If you still aren't sure, check with Ms. Quinlivan or one of your teachers. If you use a Website that is not reliable and use incorrect information, you are entirely responsible because you didn't check to make sure it was reliable. You will end up losing a lot of points, so please check out your sources before you use them!

MLA Citations

The last page of your paper should be a Works Cited page. List your resources in alphabetical order (by the first word in each citation) on your Works Cited page. The first line of each citation starts at the margin, but any additional lines must be indented. Each type of resource must be cited in a specific way.

To cite from a database, click the "Cite" option; then choose MLA style and copy and paste the citation that you are given. Here are the ways to cite other common sources:

To Cite an Article from an Online Newspaper or Magazine:

Author's name. "Article Title in quotation marks)", Newspaper or Magazine Title (in italics), publisher name, publication date, URL, and the date of access. For example:

Bernstein, Mark. “10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.” A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 16 Aug. 2002, alistapart.com/article/

writeliving. Accessed 4 May 2016.

To Cite an Individual Page on a Website:

  • Author's Name (if known). "Title of Specific Page (in quotation marks)." Title of Website (in italics). Publisher or Sponsor (often an organization), Date of Publication/Creation (if available-Day, Month, Year), URL (without https://). Access Date (Day, Month, Year). Note: If the publisher is the same as the website name, only list it once. For example:

“Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview.” WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topic- overview. Accessed 20 Sept. 2018.

Lundman, Susan. “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.

"MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)". Purdue Online Writing Lab. Purdue University, 2018.

owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_works_cited_electronic_sources.html.

Accessed 28 Feb. 2019.

To Cite an Entire Website:

  • Editor, Author, or Compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Name of Publisher or Sponsor, Date of Publication/Creation (if available-Day, Month, Year), URL (without https://). Date of access (Day, Month, Year). For example:

Quinlivan, Ann. Bishop Kearney High School Library. Bishop Kearney High School. sites.google.com/kearneyhs.org/kearneylibrary/.

Accessed 3 March 2019.

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue University, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May

2006.

To Cite Something from a Book with One Author:

  • Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date, Page or Pages (if you are only using a specific section of the book). For example:

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. Penguin, 1987.

Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, 1999, pp. 25-38.

Here is a Works Cited Sample Page that could help you see how to organize your page.

You can find more details and examples on how to cite all types of resources here:

"MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources", from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL at Purdue)

"MLA Works Cited Page: Books", from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL at Purdue)

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Citation Machine (Free online citation tool.)

Note: Citation Machine is not perfect, but if you input the URL of an electronic source, it can usually find the source and help you create the citation. Make sure to choose MLA style and the correct source type (Website, newspaper, book, etc.). You will often have to fill in additional information. You ALWAYS have to add the Date Accessed to the end of the citation.

Please remember that you still have to double-check that the citation is correct. You can't blame Citation Machine if your citation isn't correct; it is up to you to check it and make any necessary corrections. This is just a tool to assist you, not to do it for you.