Mt. Etna

Mt. Etna shapes and impacts Italy’s culture, having a great affect on its interesting geography.

Hundreds of people are impacted by the active volcano each year. About 25% of Sicily lives on Mt. Etna’s slopes, which leaves many people homeless. Death is possible if there is an eruption. After an eruption, ash is a major concern for citizens’ health and the land’s air quality. Also, fissures on the volcano produce pyroclastic flows which threaten agriculture, public utilities, and transportation. Although the active volcano has many negative effects, the eruptions from Mt. Etna produces fertile soil and its landscape is rich in vineyards, olive groves, and much more. Italy and its citizens in many ways struggle after each eruption from the powerful, yet unpredictable active volcano.

Although Italy is not part of the Ring of Fire, the country still has active volcanoes, including Mt. Etna. Italy’s volcanoes form due to the presence of the boundary between the Eurasian plate and the African plate. When a volcano erupts in Italy, it is the result of upward forcing of rocks melted by the subduction of the Eurasian and the African plate. Volcanoes in the Ring of Fire form from the result by the subduction of oceanic plates and continental plates. Volcanoes in Italy are located in the Campanian volcanic arc instead of the Ring of Fire. In conclusion, Mt. Etna is a unique and powerful volcano that continuously impacts the Italian geography, culture, and its citizens.