Instrumentation

Radars

Doppler on Wheels radars (X-Band mobile radars) (x3)

DOW6 - dual polarization, dual wavelength

DOW7 - dual polarization, dual wavelength

DOW8 - single polarization, high sensitivity

Deployed by Center for Severe Weather Research

C-Band on Wheels (COW) radar

Deployable dual-polarization dual-wavelength C-Band radar

Deployed by Center for Severe Weather Research

Colorado State University C-Band radar

Vaisala WRM-200 C-Band dual polarization radar

Deployed by the University of Illinois and Colorado State University

In-Situ Meteorological Measurements

Radiosondes

Measure temperature, humidity, and winds (~1200 sondes)

Deployed by Center for Severe Weather Research, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional-Argentina, University of Illinois, and Colorado State University

Mobile Mesonet (x3)

Measure near-surface temperature, humidity, and winds

Deployed by Center for Severe Weather Research

POD (x15)

Deployable; measures, temperature, relative humidity, wind velocity and pressure at 1, 1.5, and 2 m AGL (depending on configuration), and video or time lapse photographs, hydrometeor size distribution

Deployed by Center for Severe Weather Research

Integrated Surface Flux System (x15)

Precipitation, vertical profiles of wind, temperature, and humidity; radiation fluxes; and soil temperature, soil moisture, and soil heat fluxes, pressure, leaf wetness sensor. Seven of these stations measure momentum, sensible heat, and latent heat fluxes by eddy-correlation;

Deployed Earth Observing Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research

RAL Surface Stations (x15)

Measures precipitation, wind, temperature, and humidity; radiation fluxes; and soil temperature, soil moisture, and soil heat fluxes, hydrometeor size distribution, pressure, leaf wetness sensor

Deployed by the Research Applications Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University of Illinois, and Universidad Nacional de Córdoba

Automated Parsivel Units (x2)

Measures precipitation rate and hydrometeor size distribution

Deployed by NASA Global Precipitation Measurement mission

Lightning Measurements

NASA Lightning Mapping Array

Measures paths of each lightning flash at high time and space resolution using VHF radio time of arrival

Deployed by NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

Electric Field Measurements

Low frequency autonomous magnetic field sensors (x4)

Electric field meters (x8)

Marx Meter Array: Electric field change meters (x10)

Deployed by University of Colorado-Boulder and the University of Alabama-Huntsville

Hydrological measurements

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

Measures streamflow at a cross-section of a river. Used to create stage-discharge relations.

Deployed by Universidad Nacional de Córdoba and University of Illinois


Particle Image Velocimeter

Optical measurement of surface velocity at a cross-section of a river. Is then translated into streamflow values. Used to create stage-discharge relations.

Deployed by Universidad Nacional de Córdoba and University of Illinois