Appomattox Courthouse, April 9, 1865

By April 9. 1865, Robert E. Lee only had 35,000 troops left to fight the Union’s 120,000 soldiers. The Confederate forces were tired, hungry, and demoralized. One week earlier, Abraham Lincoln and U.S. Grant had walked through the streets of the captured Confederate capital, Richmond. On the 9th, Lee and his troops tried to escape from Union forces near Appomattox Courthouse, but were not able to do so.

Lee surrendered to Grant at the home of Wilmer McLain, a former resident of Manassas, who had moved his family to Appomattox after the first battle of the war, Bull Run, came to close to his home. Grant agreed to let Lee and his men go home, in return for their surrender. These soldiers would not, as many Confederates feared, be tried for treason. They also were allowed to keep their horses.