Castro's Rise to Power

Methods Employed in Fidel Castro's Rise to Power

Moncada Barracks Assault

The Granma Expedition

The Sierra Maestra Campaign

Castro & Cuba - Rise - Methods

The Sierra Maestra Mountains Campaign

  • Support for Castro and the rebels by the people from the Sierra Maestra increased with time, and varied from supplying the army with food and shelter to joining the rebels.
  • Peasants got to know a totally different type of army to the national army Batista had often used to suppress unrest.
  • Castro’s forces never stole from the peasants and always paid for the food they were given.
  • They respected women, put their medical doctors at the service of the peasants, taught them to read and write and even helped in the household chores.
  • The Rebel Army’s leaders explained why they were fighting for and what kind of new society they were hoping to achieve.
  • The 26th of July Movement promised peasants an end to ownership of large estates by a small sector of society or companies, and committed themselves to a fairer distribution of the land.
  • Rebels used radio to spread message and news in the Sierra.
  • People relied on rebel radio than government radio.
  • People started to turn against Batista and the government and sided with Castro and the rebels.

Guerrilla Warfare

  • An irregular military force
  • Fighting small-scale
  • Fast-moving actions
  • Against conventional military and police forces
  • Tactics involve:
    • constantly shifting points of attack
    • sabotage
    • terrorism
  • Strategy is to wear down the enemy until he can be defeated in conventional battle or sues for peace
  • The word “guerrilla” means “little war” in Spanish