Unit 6 - Psychological Disorders & Treatment


Unit Articles

Unit Videos

Crash Course Episode #28 - Psychological Disorders

Crash Course Episode #29 - OCD and Anxiety Disorders

Crash Course Episode #30 - Depressive and Bipolar Disorders

Crash Course Episode #31 - Trauma and Addiction

Crash Course Episode #32 - Schizophrenia and Dissociative Disorders

Crash Course Episode #33 - Eating and Body Dysmorphic Disorders

Crash Course Episode #34 - Personality Disorders


Module 65

Defining Psychological Disorders

• How do we define psychological disorders?

Understanding Psychological Disorders

• How are psychological disorders different from “normal” behavior?

Classifying Psychological Disorders

• What are psychological disorders?

Labeling Psychological Disorders

• What are the implications of the label “psychological disorder” ?

Rates of Psychological Disorders

• Why are psychological disorders more prevalent in some countries or cultures than in others?

Module 66

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

• How does generalized anxiety disorder affect people?

Panic Disorder

• How does panic disorder affect people?


• How do phobias affect people?

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

• How does obsessive-compulsive disorder affect people?

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

• How does post-traumatic stress affect people?

Understanding Anxiety Disorders, OCD, and PTSD

• What are the roots of anxiety disorders, OCD, and PTSD in people?

Module 67

Major Depressive Disorder

• How does major depressive disorder affect people?

Bipolar Disorder

• How does bipolar disorder affect people?

Understanding Mood Disorders

• What are the roots of mood disorders in people?

Module 68

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

• How can you tell someone has schizophrenia?

Onset and Development of Schizophrenia

• When and how does schizophrenia develop?

Understanding Schizophrenia

• What are the roots of schizophrenia in people?

Module 69

Somatic Symptoms and Related Disorders

• How do psychological issues manifest themselves in our general physical well-being?

Dissociative Disorders

• What does it mean to dissociate?

Eating Disorders

• Why are eating disorders so difficult to treat and recover from?

Personality Disorders

• How do personality disorders affect people?


A. Definitions of Abnormality

B. Theories of Psychopathology

C. Diagnosis of Psychopathology

D. Types of Disorders

E. Treatment Approaches

F. Modes of Therapy

G. Community and Preventative Approaches

In this portion of the course, students examine the nature of common challenges to adaptive functioning. This section emphasizes formal conventions that guide psychologists’ judgments about diagnosis and problem severity. AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:

• Describe contemporary and historical conceptions of what constitutes psychological disorders.

Recognize the use of the most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) published by the American Psychiatric Association as the primary reference for making diagnostic judgments.

• Discuss the major diagnostic categories, including anxiety disorders, bipolar and related disorders, depressive disorders, dissociative disorders, feeding and eating disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, neurocognitive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, personality disorders, schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, and trauma- and stressor-related disorders and their corresponding symptoms.

• Evaluate the strengths and limitations of various approaches to explaining psychological disorders: medical model, psychoanalytic, humanistic, cognitive, biological, and sociocultural.

• Identify the positive and negative consequences of diagnostic labels (e.g., the Rosenhan study).

• Discuss the intersection between psychology and the legal system (e.g., confidentiality, insanity defense).


Anxiety Disorders


Schizophrenia New Therapies


Module 65

Defining Psychological Disorders, Understanding Psychological Disorders, Classifying Psychological Disorders, Labeling Psychological Disorders and Rates of Psychological Disorders

Module 66

Generalized Anxiety Disorder , Panic Disorder, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Understanding Anxiety Disorders, OCD, and PTSD

Module 67

Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder & Understanding Mood Disorders

Module 68

Symptoms of Schizophrenia, Onset and Development of Schizophrenia and

Understanding Schizophrenia

Module 69

Somatic Symptoms and Related Disorders, Dissociative Disorders, Eating Disorders and Personality Disorders