Unit 5 - States of Consciousness
• What does it mean to be conscious?
• What is hypnosis?
Biological Rhythms and Sleep
• How do biological rhythms affect everyday life?
• Why do we sleep?
Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders
• If sleep is so important, why do some people avoid it?
• How do sleep disorders affect daily life?
• Are dreams important to daily life?
Tolerance and Addiction
• How does the misuse of drugs affect daily life?
Types of Psychoactive Drugs
• Why is it important to know about the different types of psychoactive drugs?
A. Sleep and Dreaming
C. Psychoactive Drug Effects
Understanding consciousness and what it encompasses is critical to an appreciation of what is meant by a given state of consciousness. The study of variations in consciousness includes an examination of the sleep cycle, dreams, hypnosis, circadian rhythms, and the effects of psychoactive drugs.
AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:
• Describe various states of consciousness and their impact on behavior.
• Discuss aspects of sleep and dreaming: — stages and characteristics of the sleep cycle; — theories of sleep and dreaming; — symptoms and treatments of sleep disorders.
• Describe historic and contemporary uses of hypnosis (e.g., pain control, psychotherapy).
• Explain hypnotic phenomena (e.g., suggestibility, dissociation).
• Identify the major psychoactive drug categories (e.g., depressants, stimulants) and classify specific drugs, including their psychological and physiological effects.
• Discuss drug dependence, addiction, tolerance, and withdrawal.
• Identify the major figures in consciousness research (e.g., William James, Sigmund Freud, Ernest Hilgard).
Article 5.2 People who Need Very Little Sleep (BBC)
Article 5.3 The Science of Getting Drunk (Infographic)
Article 5.4 Sleep is One Thing Missing in Busy Teenage Lives
Crash Course Episode 8 - Consciousness
Crash Course Episode 9 - Sleep & Dreams
Crash Course Episode 10 - Altered States