Unit 10 -Personality
Psychoanalytic Theory’s Core Ideas
• How does psychoanalysis explain personality?
Evaluating Freud’s Psychoanalytic Perspective
• Are Freud’s ideas on personality and development credible?
The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic Theorists
• How have Freud’s ideas evolved over time as his followers developed their own ideas?
Assessing Unconscious Processes
• How do we assess the unconscious mind?
The Modern Unconscious Mind
• What is the unconscious mind?
Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing Person
• What does it mean to be self-actualized?
Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Perspective
• Assessing the Self
Evaluating Humanistic Theories
• Do humanistic theories adequately explain personality?
• What is a personality trait?
• How do we assess traits?
The Big Five Factors
• Why are these Big Five factors important?
Evaluating Trait Theories
• Do trait theories adequately explain personality?
• How do social-cognitive psychologists explain personality?
Exploring the Self
• How do we assess the social-cognitive perspective?
A. Personality Theories and Approaches
B. Assessment Techniques
C. Growth and Adjustment
In this section of the course, students explore major theories of how humans develop enduring patterns of behavior and personal characteristics that influence how others relate to them. The unit also addresses research methods used to assess personality. AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:
• Compare and contrast the major theories and approaches to explaining personality (e.g., psychoanalytic, humanist, cognitive, trait, social cognition, behavioral).
• Describe and compare research methods (e.g., case studies and surveys) that psychologists use to investigate personality
• Identify frequently used assessment strategies (e.g., the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI], the Thematic Apperception Test [TAT]), and evaluate relative test quality based on reliability and validity of the instruments.
• Speculate how cultural context can facilitate or constrain personality development, especially as it relates to self-concept (e.g., collectivistic versus individualistic cultures).
• Identify key contributors to personality theory (e.g., Alfred Adler, Albert Bandura, Paul Costa and Robert McCrae, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers).
Article 10.2 The Personality of Academic Majors
Article 10.3 Birth Order is Basically Meaningless (The Atlantic)
Article 10.4 Locus of Control (Psychology Today)
Article 10.5 Five Advances in how Psychologists View Personality
Crash Course Episode #21 - Rorschach & Freudians
Crash Course Episode #22 - Measuring Personality
Video Reviews - watch the videos below on the unit content content and complete the questions listed on the Google Form