Unit 6 - Learning


Module 26

How Do We Learn?

• How do we learn?

• How can people know that they’ve learned?

Classical Conditioning

• How are associations important to learning?

Module 27

Operant Conditioning

• How are consequences important to learning?

Skinner’s Experiments

• What are the most important aspects of Skinner’s experiments that have contributed to the understanding of learning?

Module 28

Applications of Operant Conditioning

• How can you apply operant conditioning to your own life?

Contrasting Classical and Operant Conditioning

• How do classical and operant conditioning differ?

Module 29

Biological Constraints on Conditioning

• How does biology constrain conditioning?

Cognition’s Influence on Conditioning

• How does cognition affect conditioning?

Learning and Personal Control

• How do classical and operant conditioning affect our sense of personal control?

Module 30

Mirrors and Imitation in the Brain

• How important are role models?

Applications of Observational Learning

• How can you apply observational learning to your own life?


A. Classical Conditioning

B. Operant Conditioning

C. Cognitive Process

D. Biological Factors

E. Social Learning

This section of the course introduces students to differences between learned and unlearned behavior. The primary focus is exploration of different kinds of learning, including classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning. The biological bases of behavior illustrate predispositions for learning. AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:

• Distinguish general differences between principles of classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning (e.g., contingencies).

• Describe basic classical conditioning phenomena, such as acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, discrimination, and higher-order learning.

• Predict the effects of operant conditioning (e.g., positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment).

• Predict how practice, schedules of reinforcement, and motivation will influence quality of learning.

• Interpret graphs that exhibit the results of learning experiments.

• Provide examples of how biological constraints create learning predispositions.

• Describe the essential characteristics of insight learning, latent learning, and social learning.

• Apply learning principles to explain emotional learning, taste aversion, superstitious behavior, and learned helplessness.

• Suggest how behavior modification, biofeedback, coping strategies, and selfcontrol can be used to address behavioral problems.

• Identify key contributors in the psychology of learning (e.g., Albert Bandura, John Garcia, Ivan Pavlov, Robert Rescorla, B. F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Edward Tolman, John B. Watson).

Chapter Articles

Chapter Videos

Crash Course Episode 11 - How To Train a Brain

Crash Course Episode 12 - The Bobo Beatdown

Video Reviews - watch the videos below on the unit content content and complete the questions listed on the Google Form

Classical Conditional


Operant Conditioning