Unit 10 -Personality


Module 55

Psychoanalytic Theory’s Core Ideas

• How does psychoanalysis explain personality?

Evaluating Freud’s Psychoanalytic Perspective

• Are Freud’s ideas on personality and development credible?

Module 56

The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic Theorists

• How have Freud’s ideas evolved over time as his followers developed their own ideas?

Assessing Unconscious Processes

• How do we assess the unconscious mind?

The Modern Unconscious Mind

• What is the unconscious mind?

Module 57

Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing Person

• What does it mean to be self-actualized?

Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Perspective

• Assessing the Self

Evaluating Humanistic Theories

• Do humanistic theories adequately explain personality?

Module 58

Exploring Traits

• What is a personality trait?

Assessing Traits

• How do we assess traits?

The Big Five Factors

• Why are these Big Five factors important?

Evaluating Trait Theories

• Do trait theories adequately explain personality?

Module 59

Social-Cognitive Theories

• How do social-cognitive psychologists explain personality?

Exploring the Self

• How do we assess the social-cognitive perspective?


A. Personality Theories and Approaches

B. Assessment Techniques

C. Growth and Adjustment

In this section of the course, students explore major theories of how humans develop enduring patterns of behavior and personal characteristics that influence how others relate to them. The unit also addresses research methods used to assess personality. AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:

• Compare and contrast the major theories and approaches to explaining personality (e.g., psychoanalytic, humanist, cognitive, trait, social cognition, behavioral).

• Describe and compare research methods (e.g., case studies and surveys) that psychologists use to investigate personality

• Identify frequently used assessment strategies (e.g., the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI], the Thematic Apperception Test [TAT]), and evaluate relative test quality based on reliability and validity of the instruments.

• Speculate how cultural context can facilitate or constrain personality development, especially as it relates to self-concept (e.g., collectivistic versus individualistic cultures).

• Identify key contributors to personality theory (e.g., Alfred Adler, Albert Bandura, Paul Costa and Robert McCrae, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers).

Unit Articles

Unit Videos

Video Reviews - watch the videos below on the unit content content and complete the questions listed on the Google Form

Psychodynamic Personalities


Trait Theories


Module 55

Psychoanalytic Theory’s Core Ideas

Module 56

The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic Theorists, Assessing Unconscious Processes, The Modern Unconscious Mind and What is the unconscious mind?

Module 57

Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers and Evaluating Humanistic Theories

Module 58

Exploring Traits, Assessing Traits, The Big Five Factors & Evaluating Trait Theories

Module 59

Social-Cognitive Theories and Exploring the Self