1.1 Introducing Psychology

1.1: Introducing Psychology- Skill: Apply theories and perspectives in authentic contexts

  • Recognize how philosophical and physiological perspectives shaped the development of psychological thought.
  • Identify the research contributions of major historical figures in psychology.
  • Describe and compare different theoretical approaches in explaining behavior.
  • Recognize the strengths and limitations of applying theories to explain behavior.
  • Distinguish the different domains of psychology.

Learning Targets

1.A Recognize how philosophical and physiological perspectives shaped the development of psychological thought.

1.B Identify the research contributions of major historical figures in psychology


1.B.1 Mary Whiton Calkins

1.B.2 Charles Darwin

1.B.3 Dorothea Dix

1.B.4 Sigmund Freud

1.B.5 G. Stanley Hall

1.B.6 William James

1.B.7 Ivan Pavlov


1.B.8 Jean Piaget

1.B.9 Carl Rogers

1.B.10 B. F. Skinner

1.B.11 Margaret Floy Washburn,

1.B.12 John B. Watson

1.B.13 Wilhelm Wundt


1.C Describe and compare different theoretical approaches in explaining behavior


1.C.1 Structuralism

1.C.2 Functionalism

1.C.3 Early Behaviorism

1.C.4 Gestalt

1.C.5 Psychoanalytic

1.C.6 Humanistic

1.C.7 Evolutionary approach

1.C.8 Biological approach

1.C.9 Cognitive approach

1.C.10 Biopsychosocial approaches

1.C.11 Sociocultural


1.D Recognize the strengths and limitations of applying theories to explain behavior


1.E Distinguish the different domains of psychology.



1.E.1 Biological domain

1.E.2 Clinical domain

1.E.3 Cognitive domain

1.E.4 Counseling domain

1.E.5 Developmental domain

1.E.6 Educational domain

1.E.7 Experimental domain

1.E.8 I/O domain

1.E.9 Personality domain

1.E.10 Psychometric domain

1.E.11 Social domain

1.E.12 Positive domain