Unit 1 - HISTORY & APPROACHES

UNIT OVERVIEW

Module 1

Psychology’s Roots

• Is psychology a science?

Psychological Science Develops

• What questions can psychologists answer better than other scientists?

Module 2

Psychology’s Biggest Question

• How do both nature and nurture influence behavior and mental processes?

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

• How can biology, psychology, and social-cultural influences explain a particular behavior or mental process?

Psychology’s Subfields

• Why would psychologists be interested in behavior and mental processes that are not about mental illness?


Module 3

Basic Research Subfields

• What is the value of basic research?

• Is there a career choice that would not be informed by psychological science?

Applied Research Subfields

• Is there a career choice that would not be informed by psychological science?

The Helping Professions

• How can knowledge of psychological science inform a person’s career?

• How can knowledge of psychological science help people live better lives?


KEY TOPICS

A. History of Psychology

B. Approaches

C. Subfields in Psychology

Psychology has evolved markedly since its inception as a discipline in 1879. There have been significant changes in the theories that psychologists use to explain behavior and mental processes. In addition, the methodology of psychological research has expanded to include a diversity of approaches to data gathering. AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:

• Recognize how philosophical and physiological perspectives shaped the development of psychological thought.

• Describe and compare different theoretical approaches in explaining behavior: — structuralism, functionalism, and behaviorism in the early years; — Gestalt, psychoanalytic/psychodynamic, and humanism emerging later; — evolutionary, biological, cognitive, and biopsychosocial as more contemporary approaches.

• Recognize the strengths and limitations of applying theories to explain behavior.

• Distinguish the different domains of psychology (e.g., biological, clinical, cognitive, counselling, developmental, educational, experimental, human factors, industrial–organizational, personality, psychometric, social).

• Identify major historical figures in psychology (e.g., Mary Whiton Calkins, Charles Darwin, Dorothea Dix, Sigmund Freud, G. Stanley Hall, William James, Ivan Pavlov, Jean Piaget, Carl Rogers, B. F. Skinner, Margaret Floy Washburn, John B. Watson, Wilhelm Wundt).

Chapter Articles

Chapter Videos

CRASH COURSE #1 - Study Skills

Video Reviews - watch the videos below on the unit content content and complete the questions listed on the Google Form

History of Psychology

HistoryofPsychology.mp4

I/O Psychology

IOPsychology.mp4

MODULE 1 - HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

Unit Notes Intro, History

MODULE 2 - PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES


MODULE 3 - CAREERS IN PSYCHOLOGY