Nuclear Astrophysics

in the Gravitational Wave Astronomy Era

12 - 16 June 2017, ECT* (Trento, Italy)

The first direct detection of gravitational waves on September 14, 2015 marks a turning point in our understanding of the universe, as it provides us with a new mean to learn about the cosmos, from fundamental physics to astrophysics and astronomy. In light of this, several high-energy astrophysical phenomena, such as neutron star binary mergers, gamma-ray bursts, and supernova explosions, are unique cosmic laboratories because their gravitational-wave emission conveys otherwise inaccessible information about matter under extreme conditions. Additionally, such emission is accompanied by electromagnetic radiation, a further channel to probe matter at supranuclear densities. We still lack, however, the complete understanding of these phenomena that is necessary in order to unleash the full potential of their electromagnetic and gravitational-wave spectra. This workshop aims at bringing together nuclear physicists, astrophysicists, and astronomers to examine open issues and to establish strategic studies and synergies, needed to pave the way for an improved understanding of nuclear physics in the gravitational wave astronomy era.

Main topics of the workshop:

  • Electromagnetic signals from compact sources: theory and observations
  • Gravitational-wave data analysis
  • Modelling neutron star binary mergers
  • Neutron star physics
  • Nuclear matter and constraints on the neutron star equation of state

Organizers:

  • Francesco Pannarale (School of Physics and Astronomy - Cardiff University)
  • Bruno Giacomazzo (University of Trento and INFN-TIFPA)
  • Omar Benhar (INFN and Universit√† La Sapienza)