In this unit, students build their understanding of how spoken and written Standard Australian English (SAE) is used to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts and for a range of purposes. Students develop the ability to listen, speak, read and write for everyday and academic purposes. They explore how language features, structures and conventions can be used to express ideas and opinions, and to create their own spoken and written texts.

Students explore how English is used for everyday and academic purposes. They identify and discuss variations in vocabulary, structures and conventions of spoken and written language, including culturally appropriate non-verbal language for a range of situations, purposes and audiences including social interactions, negotiating relationships, seeking and giving information and engaging in conversations and discussion. Students also investigate how subject-specific language, including technical terms, symbols and abbreviations, underpins their learning across a range of studies in school.

Students read and produce texts created for self-expression, including those that communicate ideas, desires, goals, opinions and experiences. They consider how authors use language to express themselves for different audiences and purposes. They discuss the decisions authors make to express their ideas in spoken, written and multimodal texts, and understand that authors use vocabulary, structures, features and conventions for different purposes and audiences


  1. Engage with and understand everyday and accessible academic texts, and produce their own everyday and academic texts making appropriate decisions in response to purpose, audience and context.
  2. Understand texts for self-expression and produce texts for self-expression, making appropriate decisions in response to purpose, audience and context.


Assessment tasks for this unit may be selected from the following:

  • Presentations
  • Interviews
  • Group work and discussion
  • Journal entries
  • Essays
  • Comprehension and analysis activities


In this unit students consolidate and extend their understanding of how English is used for academic purposes. They read and discuss a variety of more challenging texts commonly used in studies other than English. Students identify variations in language and discuss the meaning and different functions of vocabulary, symbols and abbreviations. They learn that language in academic discourse may be subject specific for defining or conveying subject content, giving instructions, or outlining processes, as well as non-subject specific, for example to provide background information.

Students explore how authors create meaning in literary texts. They explore how authors construct setting, characters, narrative and themes using language, structures, features and conventions, to convey ideas and meaning for readers. Students also investigate how the author’s context can influence the views and ideas presented in a literary text.

Students engage with and understand spoken, written, visual, and multimodal media texts and develop understanding of how these texts reflect cultural contexts and seek to position audiences. In considering the choices made by authors to position their intended audiences, students identify and discuss cues such as headings, sub-headings, photographs, graphs, cartoons and types of language used.

Students focus on speaking and listening, and reading and written communication, for workplace purposes. They examine a range of work-related texts and identify and discuss distinctive language, structures, features and conventions used in these texts, and their purposes, intended audiences and contexts. The purposes of these texts may include providing instructions and information, seeking information, maintaining records, note-taking, recording messages, completing forms or orders, and making requests. Students investigate how work-related written and spoken communication varies according to purpose, context and the roles and status of participants.


  1. Understand a variety of written, spoken and multimodal academic texts, identifying key information useful for their learning purposes, and produce written or spoken texts for specific academic purposes.
  2. Understand and respond to literary texts, and create their own literary texts in response to, or in the style of, a text studied.
  3. Explain how a variety of media texts position audiences, and produce texts which attempt to position audiences.


Assessment tasks for this unit may be selected from the following:

  • Debates
  • Résumés
  • Editorials
  • Opinion pieces
  • Comprehension and analysis activities