FAQs

What is a Compact?

A Compact is a formal agreement between several parties or, in the case of GLFFC, between several agencies. Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ontario and Manitoba Natural Resource agencies have established the Great Lakes Forest Fire Compact in order to promote effective prevention, presuppression and control of forest fires in the Lake States region of the U.S. and adjacent areas of Canada. Under terms of the GLFFC agreement, member agencies provide mutual assistance in fire prevention, fire presuppression, training and control of forest fires, as well as procedures that will facilitate such aid.

When did the Great Lakes Forest Fire Compact begin?

In 1983, fire managers from Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin met at the Indian Head Resort in Wakefield, Michigan to discuss mutual concerns and needs. From that initial meeting the Great Lakes Forest Fire Compact was organized. The state managers requested the support of the Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry-U.S. Forest Service. Also, the state managers agreed that it would be beneficial if Ontario were a member. In September 1989, Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin signed the first agreement and the Great Lakes Forest Fire Compact was officially established. Ontario was a participant from the beginning but the formal international approval came later. In 1998 Manitoba requested, and was approved to become a member.

Who belongs to the Great Lakes Forest Fire Compact?

The Great Lakes Forest Fire Compact (GLFFC) is made up of 3 U.S. States and 2 Canadian Provincial Natural Resources agencies. They have created a formal association in order to promote effective prevention, pre-suppression and control of forest fires in the Great Lakes Region of the United States and adjacent areas of Canada.

GLFFC members include:

  • Manitoba Conservation – Fire Program
  • Michigan Department of Natural Resources – Forest, Mineral and Fire Management Division
  • Minnesota Department of Natural Resources – Division of Forestry
  • Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources – Aviation and Forest Fire Management
  • Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources – Division of Forestry