Addressing Disproportionate Representation through Research Based Approaches

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004, Part B, requires states and local education agencies to take steps to address the disproportionate representation in special education. Federal Regulations provide for the collection and examination of data to determine if disproportionality based on race and ethnicity is occurring with respect to:

  • the identification of children as children with disabilities including children with disabilities with particular impairments,
  • the placement in particular settings, and
  • the incidence, duration, and type of disciplinary actions, including suspensions and expulsions


"Disproportionate Representation exists when student representation in special education programs or specific special education categories exceeds their proportional enrollment in a schools general population".

Dr. Wanda J. Blanchett, 2006

What is Disproportionality?

Contained within the web site:

  • Purpose of program
  • Self assessment tools for systemic analysis
  • Elements for systemic change in disproportionate representation including vital links and resources
  • Applying research based approaches (In Development)
  • Links to on-line Resources including National and State organizations
  • National and State Events


Headlines and Features

  • Equity Conference: Altering the Level of Consciousness, May 22-24, 2017
  • TEA State Performance Plan: Technical Assistance Plan for Disproportionality
  • The Texas Education Agency with the support of Dr. Edward Fergas and the Region One Education Service Center has developed this manual to assist LEAs in addressing disproportionate representation in special education. This manual is designed to engage LEAs in a process to identify root causes and plan for improvement.
  • Online Training: Disproportionality in Special Education
  • In collaboration with the Texas Education Agency (TEA), Region One has developed a free online training titled “Disproportionality in Special Education”. The presentation provides an overview of the federal and state monitoring requirements for disproportionality and the contributing factors including ways to prevent disproportionality.