KEY Moments for 2021 BIENNIAL REVIEW

African Governments adopted in 2014 the Malabo Declaration which constitutes a re-commitment to the CAADP principles and goals adopted earlier in 2003 through the Maputo Declaration. However, the Malabo Declaration reasserts a strong commitment to reach CAADP’s goals by identifying specific goals and targets to be achieved within a period of ten years, especially on enhancing investment finance in agriculture, poverty reduction, ending hunger, tripling intra-Africa trade in agricultural goods and services, and enhancing resilience of livelihoods and production systems, in order to ensure that agriculture contributes significantly to the poverty reduction.

More specifically, the Malabo Declaration introduced a commitment on the Mutual Accountability to the actions and results, which calls AU Members States to: (i) conduct a Biennial Agricultural Review Process that involves the tracking, monitoring and reporting on implementation progress; (ii) foster alignment, harmonization and coordination among multi-sectorial efforts and multi-institutional platforms for peer review, mutual learning and mutual accountability; and (iii) strengthen national and regional institutional capacities for knowledge and data generation and management that support evidence-based planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation at all levels (national, sub-regional and continental) for the expected growth and agricultural transformation in Africa.

Thus, in the framework of the implementation of agricultural transformation of Malabo Declaration in Africa, Africa Union Commission (AUC), the African Union Development Agency (AUDA)-NEPAD, as well as the Regional Economic Communities (RECs), and AU Members States (MS), in collaboration with development partners, established the CAADP Biennial Review (BR) process. The recent and the second of such report was adopted by the AU summit in February 2020. The conclusions and recommendations of the 2019 Biennial Review (BR) report allowed countries to review the progress made towards the fixed targets for 2025, in high level political dialogues, such as the Specialized Technical Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Water and Environment (STC-ARDWE), the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme Partnership Platform (CAADP-PP), and the Malabo Agricultural Policy Learning Event (MAPLE).

These meetings and events allowed all actors in general and particularly key actors of the BR process, to identify successes as well as the shortcomings noted during 2019 BR process in order to better prepare and improve the process of 3rd BR in 2021. In addition, the RECs, AUC and AUDA launched the consultative actions and the commitment of technical partners which resulted in a final set of 47 indicators classified into 24 performance categories under 7 performance areas (themes) to report on the Malabo Declaration of June 2014.

On 16th October 2020, the AUC held a virtual meeting of the BR Task Force to update the members of the BR Task Force Working Groups composed of experts in 8 working groups. The members of the working groups contributed to a critical analysis in order to propose inputs for the update of the 3rd BR technical tools. The third BR data collection and reporting tools have been finalized with the support of a team of members of the BR Task Force and are ready to be disseminated to Member States through the continental training to start the process of developing the 3rd CAADP BR at regional and country level.

During the first technical coordination meeting with RECs, for the 3rd BR cycle, held virtually on 11th February 2021, the RECs raised important aspects for the AUC to consider to improve the entire coordination process of the 3rd BR.

More specifically, bring needed support in terms of training on the BR process and related tools of data collection, including the use of e-BR platform, and countries needed a better understanding of some new indicators.

In addition, it is important for AUC to provide continental trainings early enough in order to allow enough time for data collection, communication and validation, as well as the proposed contributions to improve technical documents of 3rd BR. Therefore, continental training has been preceded by Training of Trainers (TOTs) who will provide a support to the overall BR mechanism, and subsequently be deployed to train teams in Member States (MS), and support the MS to collect data.



MAPLE 2020


Training of National Experts