African Governments adopted in 2014 the Malabo Declaration which constitutes a re-commitment to the CAADP principles and goals adopted earlier in 2003 through the Maputo Declaration. However, the Malabo Declaration reasserts a strong commitment to reach CAADP’s goals by identifying specific goals and targets to be achieved within a period of ten years, especially on enhancing investment finance in agriculture, poverty reduction, ending hunger, tripling intra-Africa trade in agricultural goods and services, and enhancing resilience of livelihoods and production systems, in order to ensure that agriculture contributes significantly to the poverty reduction.
More specifically, the Malabo Declaration introduced a commitment on the Mutual Accountability to the actions and results, which calls AU Members States to: (i) conduct a Biennial Agricultural Review Process that involves the tracking, monitoring and reporting on implementation progress; (ii) foster alignment, harmonization and coordination among multi-sectorial efforts and multi-institutional platforms for peer review, mutual learning and mutual accountability; and (iii) strengthen national and regional institutional capacities for knowledge and data generation and management that support evidence-based planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation at all levels (national, sub-regional and continental) for the expected growth and agricultural transformation in Africa.
Thus, in the framework of the implementation of agricultural transformation of Malabo Declaration in Africa, Africa Union Commission (AUC), the African Union Development Agency (AUDA)-NEPAD, as well as the Regional Economic Communities (RECs), and AU Members States (MS), in collaboration with development partners, established the CAADP Biennial Review (BR) process. The recent and the second of such report was adopted by the AU summit in February 2020. The conclusions and recommendations of the 2019 Biennial Review (BR) report allowed countries to review the progress made towards the fixed targets for 2025, in high level political dialogues, such as the Specialized Technical Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Water and Environment (STC-ARDWE), the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme Partnership Platform (CAADP-PP), and the Malabo Agricultural Policy Learning Event (MAPLE).