Written by: Ashley Nevarez-Casas

Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday celebrated on various dates in Canada, the United States, some of the Caribbean islands, and Liberia. ‘It began as a day of giving thanks and sacrifice for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year, named festival holidays occur in Germany and Japan”. As per Thanksgiving: Day and Traditions. Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday of October in Canada and on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States, and around the same part of the year in other places. Although Thanksgiving has historical roots in religious and cultural traditions, it has long been celebrated as a secular holiday

The origins of Thanksgiving go back to 1621 when a group of English pilgrims in Massachusetts shared a feast with a tribe of Native Americans to celebrate a generous harvest. As per Thanksgiving Day Traditions, Recipes, and History “First Thanksgiving” took place in October and lasted about three days, there is also evidence to similar ceremonies that were held two years earlier in Virginia. The exact date of Thanksgiving assorted from state to state until, in 1863, Abraham Lincoln finally announced it a national holiday across the whole US. Thanksgiving is also celebrated in Canada and various Caribbean islands. Even the UK has its own version of Thanksgiving, although it is not as big there.

As per Emiliano Nunez (16) junior at Albuquerque High School says he celebrates Thanksgiving with his family and friends to eat, and watch American football. He also says thats been a tradition in his family since he was little. Major cities also hold enormous parades with giant inflatable balloons. “The most famous parade is the Macy’s Day Parade in New York City. This occurs Thanksgiving day November 22, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade starts at 77th St and Central Park West and heads down to 34th Street to Macy's Herald Square”, as per Macy’s The parade does start exactly at 9:00AM. The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade has been marching since 1924. The foods you eat for Thanksgiving are turkey, stuffing, mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce and pumpkin pie. Thanksgiving became a thing when Presidents Washington, Adams and Monroe claimed national Thanksgivings.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the Pilgrims and the Thanksgiving holiday were used to teach children about American freedom and how to be good citizens. Each November, in classrooms across the country, students participated in Thanksgiving pageants, sang songs about Thanksgiving, and built log cabins to represent the homes of the Pilgrims. Immigrant children also learned that all Americans ate turkey for Thanksgiving dinner. Two years later, in 1941, Congress responded by permanently establishing the holiday as the fourth Thursday in the month.

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The Spirit of Charity in Albuquerque, New Mexico

By Nilay Jones

How do we, as functioning citizens, use charity to perpetuate the christmas spirit? A couple of different ways - several of which we can find in our hometown of Albuquerque, New Mexico. From providing food and shelter to the homeless to wrapping presents for disadvantaged children, the holiday season has always been the most active time of the year for charity. Why do we feel the need to give around the holidays? How did this tradition start? And what are some opportunities available to join in the spirit of the season?

According to “if you're too busy to volunteer or otherwise donate your time, giving money is the perfect workaround.” But many of us find during the holiday season that we have time to donate. As I researched the holiday season and charity work, I ran into a 10th grader, Ashley Nevarez-Casas. She told me that during the holidays, she volunteered at a St. Jude Hospital. “ We had to wear gowns and wash our hands all the time - because if a kid got sick they wouldn’t be able to fight it off. We got to go and cheer up kids who were lonely, and help out with the paperwork”. When I asked her how she felt when she was done, she told me “ It felt good! It made me feel like all of my problems were small, because I didn’t have to deal with what these kids deal with”. Stories like Ashley’s remind us why we need a little charity in our lives - to make our problems seem small. Here at Albuquerque High, teachers and students are able to pursue that same warmth that comes with charity, through our own acts of charity.

“This Friday,november 15, kicks off Albuquerque Highs Adopt a Child community service” Ms. Dunn, Activities Director and header up of the Adopt-a-Child event. Fifth period classes prepare to host a disadvantaged elementary students, and give them a Christmas they might never have enjoy. Food, presents, decorations, the whole ‘shebang’. I know many students are busy studying for finals and getting ready for the holidays in their own home, but Adopt-a -Child is just one of the ways we can remember that our first world problems pale in comparison to the challenges children in our community can face every day. Once again, it’s a way to make our problems seem small. This week also wraps up the AHS food drive, which had a surprisingly small spirit! Where is the Bulldog Christmas Spirit? Hopefully it will arrive around Thanksgiving, because Albuquerque needs all the help we can offer.

River of Lights

Written by: Vyctoria Saucedo

Red, green, and blue colorful bright lights shining in your face as you walk down the River of Lights. Weather cold to the touch, breath able to be seen in the cold air. As your gloved hands grasp onto your hot coco, you are blinded by flashing lights of people taking photos. You are greeted by the staff and asked, “How is your night going folks?” With nearly over 600 light displays, animated and 3D sculptures, your response is, “Magical.” Experience hundreds of sparkling lights at New Mexico's largest walk through holiday production!

According to the River of Lights (ROL) the event was first originated in 1997 as a fundraiser for the BioPark. Today, it continues to help support a variety of ABQ BioPark projects. Each year there are new unveilings of new sculptures and displays, made by the BioPark artists and craftsmen. As per Visit Albuquerque, “The event features millions of twinkling lights, live music, food, drinks and plenty of holiday spirit.” For as far back as 20 years, River of lights have lit up stunning lights at Burques Botanic Garden. This event starts on November 30th and ends December 30th, excluding Christmas Eve and Christmas Day. The ROL has fun holiday festivities inside, open to all, the Holiday Nature Crafts, a fun way to learn about crafts, The Garden Railroad, running on special days of the week. Also offered is the Rio Line Train which is known as the Polar Bear Express, which transports you around the river of lights. As per The City of Albuquerque, “Magic Hour at River of Lights lets you experience the magic before the masses! From 5 to 6 p.m, be one of only 400 exclusive guests to tour millions of lights before gates open.”

As per, Perseus Saucedo (Age 19) a resident of Albuquerque, who attends the event yearly, says it's an amazing experience and goes every year since a friend invited him. He also says that “it's very family orientated and anyone can go to enjoy and see the lights.” Saucedo also added to “dress warm and cozy, and prepare yourself because it's really cold by then.”

Dia de Los Muertos

Written by: David Jimenez

What is El Dia de Los Muertos? Dia de Los Muertos is celebrated throughout the world mostly in Mexican regions to remember family members that have passed. People remember them by making altars, cooking their favorite dishes and traditional dishes. People go to the cemetery with food and liquor and anything that represents their family member that has passed. As per Day of the Dead “El Dia de Los Muertos is celebrated on November 2nd.”

El Dia de Los Muertos is a Mexican holiday where families welcome back the souls of their deceased relatives for a brief reunion that includes food, drink and celebration. It is the Spanish culture who came up with the holiday and celebrate it. People get dressed up as a skull and go to the cemeteries and dance and eat with their family members. It is believed that the dead come back for a night to reunite with their families and celebrate with them. As per Day of the Dead HISTORY. It is also said that El Dia de Los Muertos and Halloween are very similar because people dress up and have parades. The most familiar symbol of Dia de los Muertos are calacas and calaveras (skeletons and skulls), “which appear everywhere during the holiday: in candied sweets, as parade masks, as dolls, as per “How Mexico Celebrates Its Annual “Day of the Dead” Calacas and calaveras are almost always portrayed as enjoying life, often in fancy clothes and entertaining situations.

As per Ms. Campos a spanish teacher at Albuquerque High School says “El dia de los muertos se celebra por lo grande en la ciudad de México.” She also mentioned she has participated in these parades and says “a sido una de las mejores experiencias de mi vida y seria un honor volver a ir a la ciudad de México para ser parte de ello nuevamente.” [The day of the dead is celebrated in style in Mexico City] [It has been one of the best experiences of my life and it would be an honor to go back to Mexico City to be part of it again] In conclusion The Day of the Dead is a significant holiday for many hispanic people

Thanksgiving Recipe

By: Andrew Mackey

Did you know that Sweet Potato Casserole originally named “potato pudding” began in the first American cookbook in 1796? Sweet Potato Casserole topped with warm, melty marshmallows is a Thanksgiving classic. Although sweet potatoes weren’t present at the First Thanksgiving, they are native to South and Central America.

First you need 3 cups of sweet potatoes. Boil and mash the potatoes. By the 16th century sweet potatoes appeared in a British herbal encyclopedia, which recommends serving them “roasted and infused with wine, boiled with prunes, or roasted with oil, vinegar, and salt.” as per The Library of Congress.

Next add ½ cup of sugar, ½ cup of melted butter, 2 beaten eggs, 1 teaspoon vanilla, and ⅓ cup of milk. In 1747 German chemist Andreas Marggraf discovered that the sugar in a sugar beet is identical to that in sugarcane. In 1802 the first beet-sugar refinery began operations, bringing cheap sweets as per Discover

Put this in a 13x9 inch baking dish. The first non-stick baking pan was introduced in 1938.

Making the topping. Mix ⅓ cup melted butter, 1 cup light brown sugar, ½ cup flour, and 1 cup chopped pecans (Any type of nut will do or none). Spread on top of potato mixture. Brown sugar has about 0.25 fewer calories per gram than white sugar!

Bake 25 minutes at 350 degrees.

Lastly let’s add marshmallows. Marshmallows were very popular at the turn of the 20th century. Before this it was an expensive handmade treat. Having marshmallows in your kitchen was considered modern and labor-saving. This was because marshmallows easily replaced meringue and whipped cream. The invention of the automated machine made the production of marshmallows much more successful. The earliest recipe seen topping candied sweet potatoes with marshmallows is a 1918 trade journal called Sweet Potatoes and Yams as per Four Pounds Flour. “Having marshmallows on top of the casserole is probably the most delicious part, in my opinion” said AHS freshman Joey Greenberg

Top your hot casserole with marshmallows so they melt immediately. If you desire more melted marshmallows pop it in the oven for about 3-5 minutes at 250 degrees. Let cool and Enjoy!