Teaching & Learning Principles


A purposeful learning environment is established through clear behavioural expectations and well-defined systems and routines understood by students and reinforced by the teacher.


A high level of challenge is set for all students regardless of background or prior attainment. Challenge is set above students' current level but not too far-reaching that they are disengaged.


Knowledgeable explanations are at the heart of the lesson. Well crafted explanations create an enthusiasm for the topic and provide students with a clear understanding of difficult ideas and concepts.


The Modelling process is used to help students understand the steps experts take in producing outstanding outcomes. Exemplary work is deconstructed to help students learn about how smaller parts create a larger whole.


Different types of support are used to help all learners reach the same learning goals. Differentiation is used to provide support where necessary.


Higher and lower order questioning is used effectively. Closed, factual questions are used to build/test students' level of understanding and open-ended questioning extends understanding and promotes discussion.


Diagnostic assessment is used to identify students’ current knowledge of a subject, skills and capabilities before teaching takes place. Formative assessment provides feedback and information during the learning process. Summative assessment takes place after the learning has been completed and provides information and feedback that is used to self-assess the teaching and learning process.


Feedback on students' work provides information on how to close the gap between current level of understanding/performance and the desired learning goal/outcome.


Students are well-motivated and engaged. Outcomes are positive and demonstrate progress over time.